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GOVERNMENT OF BOMBAY. 

GENERAL DEPARTMEffT. 



ARCHEOLOGY. 



PROGRESS REPORT 

OF THE 

ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA, 
WESTERN CIRCLE, 

For the year endi».j 31st March 1914. 




GOVERNMENT OP BOMBAY. 

ae.NF.RAt- DEPARTMENT- 



ARCH/EOLOGY. 



PROGRESS REPORT 

OF THE 

ARCH GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA, 
WESTERN CIRCLE, 

For the year endii j .list March 1914. 



CONTENTS 



PART 1. 



Purl I 



Appendices— 

Appendix A.— Superintendent-. mud Aniua S«|*ri»ua»dent’s Diary 



Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do 

Do. 



B. — List of Dronings prefaced during 1*13- 1* 

C. — List of IT.iKogr.ph. taken during 1913- 11 
D — Liu of ToKhpiiou. copied during 191S-H 
K.— Annual Expenditure U the Surrey 

P— Otter Library 

O. — List of Coin. AnUjniU*« »o,tnrrd 
AlS« ift-utn. Itoruhnj 

Bill pur 

Bha.oagarand Udaipur 



by diflrjrul M 



ms i 



Do. Il-Tmuiin Trots 

llrpcct of tbr Bomba; 
aoqa.r-1 onderth. 

27 s 



of the Royal Amalie Society on coin. 
Act 



Do. K.-IWcb,I 
Do. L— So.trr.-nl of 
Do. M.— Report on 



PART II (a). 



Original Rewateh— 



ST” 

Udaypar 



Excavation* at Bcsiiagnr 



••• 



PART 11 <*). 



PART III. 



r*ot. 

1—11 

15 

17 

18 
SS 
2* 



27 

28 



» 

.10 

SO 

32 



.. 32 

32 
32 
32 
!13 
31 



cm cotwerraCka »ork oorr-tsl out In the 
daring tbr yanr 1V1314 

und oat in Central Itxha 
dO. lUjpuUM 

do. in Hi* High net* the 



Do. Xr— Do. 

Do. O.— Do. 

NisnntV 
Do. P— rn.pertico Report* 

Do. IL-RepnrUoo ase of n naMn of 8-lph.nc and Srtrie acid. for dmtroy. 

Do. 8— Lirta of work. prop~rd ler the 
IVai.lency 



191610 in the Bombay 



*1 

V) 

to 

52 

51 



00 

01 

M 



... 07 



Conservation Comment— 

Nasik ( Pamlu l*n» Cares) 
Aihole and Poltadkal 
B:j.pnr (Gol (iumbax) 
Ahln-dabid 
Dhar 



Sawhi, Bhopal 
Pitalkhora 

List of Public Libraries, 4c, to*.hieh ArchwologkaJ Surrey Report, 
supplied 



... 75 
... 73 
... H 
... 77 
... 78 
... 78 
- £0 



ivgul tidy 



... 82 




GOVERNMENT OF BOMBAY. 

GENERAL DEPARTMENT. 



ARCh/fiULOGY. 



PROGRESS REPORT 

or THE 

ARCHEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA, WESTERN CIRCLE. 

FOR THE YEAR ENDING Sin MARCH 1P1A 



PART I. 

I. Departmental Notes. 



EMabllfttunant. 



During t ho lost official year I he only items of any importance affecting 
the )'*r$onn*t «»r the office were my absence* on twenty- 
thrv * days' privilege leave during the month of 
October when my -Ymistant Mr. .1 A. tv.-e. aw**! f .r me, and my confirmation 
as Superintendent with effect from the lTtli October 1918. under Government 
of India, Department «»f Education ( Ardin-ol -zy ). Notification No. Ill) nf the 
nth April 11)11 published in the Gov-mm-nt :»l Bombay General Department 
Notification No 2*67 of the 15th Hem 

2 The change* in th 1 * establishment iron- as follow* .—Messrs. N. A. 

Wartekar and L. R. Date, the I loud and Second 
Dm f tarn • n in my office were each on one month's 

G 'vilege leave, the former in the m »nth of ScptemW and the lattcrin October. 

e peat of the Third Draftsman-Phot-iirraphor. which lm 1 fallen vacant, was 
tilled up, and Mr. S. P. Date, formerly in the office of the Executive Engineer, 
Rijn pur. was appointed to it. Owii >• to th- increase of clerical nnd menial 
work in my office I had to request Government to sanction the entertainment 
of an additional clerk and peon to cope with it. This request was complied 
with in the Government o' India, Department of Education ( Archaeology ), 
letter No. 856 of the 11th August 1918, embodied in the Government of 
Bombay, General Department Resolution No 6381. dated the 1st September 
1913. • Mr. Y. M. Dikshit was taken on in the new post cf clerk sanctioned 

8. The suite of rooms intended for ns in the Government Centml Offices 
Buildings. Poona, being ready, I shifted my office 
thi ie alxmt the dote «,f March There being no room 
in our new quarters for the Museum which was in my charge, all the articles, 
except large and heavy >t -me sculpture. wen 1 , at his suggestion, sent by rail to 
the Secretary to the Board of Trustees. Prince of Wales Museum «.f Western 
India, Bombay, who, I bear, has tempoiarily housed them in the godowusof 
the Bombay Asiatic Society. The stone sculptures and the coins only are now 
with me in the new office .1 he former will be desjtaU'hed to Bombay ns soon 
as the Museum building is ready to receive them, and the latter will be handed 
over to the Assistant Curator, as soon as he is appointed, whom the Boaixl of 



Change of ortlce nairter-. 



Tmufooc inlon/l (tivinO niu fnv arrsmrino tKo a«mU.. I 







2 



II. The Year * Work. 



4. During the monsoon recess we were as fullv occupied as ever with the 
Work at Head-Quarter*. °® C9 “-rk which is looming heavier every 

year. 1 he very nrst thing that 1 have to take m 
hand after the termination of the touring season is the preparation of the 
Annual Progress Report, which is not uiere clerical work hut requires close 
study and collocation, at least in the descriptive part of it. An aecount of the 
conservation, research aud epigraphic work done during tho year had also to be 
prepared and sent to the DirectoMJen.rrol of Archnvdugy. I'he Office Photo- 
grapher was engagixl up ax developing the nxany m-gativ.* taken in the field 
anil preparing no lw than six sets of prints from each of them A good many 
prints hnd at.) to bo taken for the Photoxinoo Office in connection with the 
second monograph of Mr. Cousins, the late Superintendent of this Circle. 
This whole umouut of work being too heavy for one single individual, the 
Photographer was helped hy the Secmd Draftsman. The latter was also, in 
conjunction with the General Assistant, occupied with the work of sorting and 
arranging the impn-ssions of inscriptions we took in the field. In regard to the 
drawing work, eight record drawings were finished, which all stand this time to 
the credit of tho Head Draftsman He and the 8eoond Draftsman had also 
from time to time to make copies, for office references, of the tracings accom- 
panying the estimates of conservation work*. 

ft Mr. Pago. having arrived hut shortly before tho commencement of tho 
year under r. view, was occupi.'d with mating himself familiar with thu office 
routine and checking an- 1 approving ce tj ma fa w for conservation xrork which nro 
coming in larger nuinhers year hy ymr. He was likewise engaged in writing 
and printing conservation uol.t* on th • ancient monumenU ho visited in April 
and also during the rainy' ammo. He »» also of groat help to me in tho 
preparation of the Annual Report 



0. Mr. Page, being apin.int.sl to look after the omm rvntion xrork of this 
b Cirt*W I w** «bh» this lime lo devote the greater 

portion of my touring *«*on to both the research and 
exploration branch.* of archreologv N.-nrl* a month and a quarter 1 spent in 
touring in the BhiUv District of the Gwalior Stat», visiting ancient monument*, 
writing descriptive notes, and ph4..gr»phing and making drawings of 
archil" .logical buildings The next thn*e months I xya* encamped at Bissnugar, 
the ancient Vidisn, where I wn* engaged in conducting excax’ationn. Museum 
work, too. foul claims on my attention, and these were duly fulfilled. A detailed 
statement of my movements will be found in Appendix A. Though Mr. Page 
came to India at ft time when the hot setvs.ni xxas almost in full swing, he xvns 
full of willingness and enthusiasm t> go aud inspect m.uio monuments, and 
consequently I allowed him t/» visit Klcphanti, Has->ein and Amhnrnnth in 
April. In order that he might make him-df acquainted with the various styles 
of architecture, I also sent him out in the monsoon. I n the touring season 
proper he visited all th» plan* which were, or are still, oentres of active 
conservation xvork, and also almost all the monuments of the Dharxrnr and 
Bijapur Districts xvhich hid been declared protected, as detailed in the lour 
programme of Inst year's report. The diary of his movements may be Been in 
Appendix A. 

7. Appendix C sets forth a list of the. photographs taken during 1913-14, 
My two draftsmen were xvith me on tour, and have material for the pirjwralion 
of'nexv drawings, which they will finish in the course of the ensuing monsoon 
reoiMS. 

III. Publications. 



8. Beyond the Annual Progress Report for the year 1912-13 no official 
publication xvas brought out by this department, 

IV & V. Office Library and Annual Expenditure. 

9. A list of the new books added to the office library is given in Appen- 
dix P. I am exceediogly obliged to the GoTcrnment of Bombay for baying 




3 



presented my office library with copies of all the volumes of the Bombay 
Sanskrit Series lhat were available, lhis has supplied a long-felt want. 

10. A statement of the expenditure of the Survey will be found in 
Appendix E. 

VI. Museums. 



11. The Secretary to the Board of Trustee of the Prinoe of Wales 

Museum of Western India. Bombay, has kindly sent 
y ‘ me the following note regarding the progress that is 

being made towards the completion of this building: — 

“Steady progress has been made .with this building during the past 
year. The roofing is complete throughout, while the erecting of the 
centml dome is well advanced. 

“ The plaster work and general finishing of the interior urn now in 
progress." 

12. Except oue plaster cast nothing of special interact was added to the 

( Archaeological Museum which had boon attached to 

my office. I»r. Horovitz of Aligarh, when some time 
ago ho was studying the lliinyario exhibits of the Berlin Museum, came across 
an altar, the top of which was missing. From the photographs of the Hinter- 
land antiauith-s which were presented to the Poona Museum by the Director- 
General of \rchaeology and to which reference has been made in last Progress 
Report ( p. 3 ), Dr. Horovitz was at on on able to sco that the missing pnrt was 
in this last museum. At the suggestion of I>r. ManduiU plaster oasts wore 
exchanged so that each miuu’iini has now completed its fragment. The coat of 
the fragment in our museum wa« made for this Department by Mr, Burns, 
I’rinripal of the School of Art, Bombay, and the cost of innking it and do*- 
patching it to Berlin was born.- by the Director-General of Archeology. 

13. 1 have already mentioned that by far the greater portion of the 
archeological collection attache! to my olfioe was. alnnit the close of March 
last, sent to the Sccretarr to th • Board of Trustees, Prince of Wales Museum, 
when my office wu shifted to the Central QOiot* Building, there being no 
room there for exhibiting it. 



M. The only object of importance aild.il to the llijanur Museum was the 
-- old prayer oirpd of the Jami Masjid. A new one. 

exactly imitating it. was prepared in the Bijapur .lull 
and presented in its stead to the mosque authoritim. The expends of the latter 
wore borne out of a grant kindly made by the DirccW-Geneml of Arohmology, 
mid the idea of effecting such an exchange was suggested and made practical 
by H. C. Brown, Esquire, I.C.8.. when be was Collector of Bijapur. 

IB. It is a matter of immense regn t that an many moveable antiquities of 
the Adil 8hnhi period are fast icnring Bijapur Tourists of all sorts and condi- 
tions flock to this place in the cold season, some of whom will pay anything to 
secure them a* mementos of their visits. The result is that very few objects 
can be secured for the local museum, and these with very great difficulty The 
growth of the Bijapur Museum has thus been stunted. In August 1913 when 
a mooting of the Museum Committee wa« called, I had suggest**] for their con- 
sideration that all effectual stop shon’d be put to this traffic in Bijapur 
antiquities by taking action under section 17 or 18 ( preferably the former) of 
the Ancient Monuments Fn-serration Ad. My suggestion appears to have 
commended itself to the Committee, and the President, who is Collector of 
Bijapur. has, I hear, approached Govcmmeut on the subject. 

16. A list of the antiquities acquired or presented to the various museums 
will be found in Appendix G. 



VII — VIII. The Listing of Monuments and Original Research. 

17. I am glad I was able to turn my attention this y-.nr to these 
branches of archaeology. The work of Listing 3cd Original Research was 




* 



carried out this time in the Bhii«a District of the Gwalior State. 'I hanks to 
the genuine and deep interest personally evinced by IT. IT. the "Maharaja 
Scindia, an Archeological Department has been created in his State, and the 
work of preparing an inventory of the ancient monuments obtaining in his 
territory, and of excavating old sites of importance, has now been systematically 
taken in band. With a view to carrying out these objects, especially 
the first, the Maharaja has lava pleased to appoint, as Inspector of Arohmology, 
Mr. M. B. Garde, one of the scholars trained by Dr. Marshall, Director-General 
of Archive logy. Thu fir>t month and a half of the last odd season was spent 
by me in his cimpany on a tour in the Bhilsa District, and here I had an 
opportunity of showing him how the inventory was to be made. In this dis- 
trict I visited a good many monuments that w.re either entirely unknow n or hut 
partially or imperfectly known befoiv. Full descriptive notes were taken down, 
most of which nave been reproduced in Part 1 1. Some have been reserved for 
being ctnliodied into article* to be published in the Arehmologioal Annual of the 
Director-General of Archaeology. They are oooccrning the Udayagiri Caves and 
the objects of antiquity stored in the Beanagar Museum. The first will throw 
some light on the style of architecture prevalent during the early Gupta period, 
and the second on that of the Sunga, about which very little is known. As 
ninny photographs were taken and necessary drawings prepared to give 
an accurate idea of the various architectural features of the monuments 
inspected, a good beginning has thus been mode for the Lists of Central India, 
and within three yeni* the Inventory of the Gwalior monuments is expu-ted to 
be complete. 



IX. Lxcavation. 

18. After finishing off my tour in the Bhilrn District I crime to Bcanagai, 
the Iiucinnt Vidfaw, two mile* Ire , Bhilsa. and VU UBOami«rt there to i ndertako 
excavations, the results of which an- briefly diaoribed in Part II of this report, 
a full account being reserved for the Aram-.il •*ricnl Annual where it will Imi 
accompanied by illustration* This is the flirt excavation systematically conduct- 
ed on a large scale in tills Circle. Though B.»nai' «r is n mass of nuts spread 
over a lengt h of at h ast tw. miles, it w <i a matter of no small difficulty to select 
a site which for the money spent upon iUcxcamfivn would yield antiquitiea not 
onlv in fairly largo quantitica hut of a period anterior to the Christian era, about 
which we are still comparatively in the dark. But thisdifilculty was practically 
removed when the discovery of an inscripiiou on a column locally known as 
K Imm Baba was made. The credit of bringing this record tii*t to the notice of 
the antiquarians is due to Dr. Marshall who visited Besnagar in 1909 and puMish- 
edan account of it in the Jo»r. R. .Is. ie'- for the same year, p. 10.VI ami ff. 
From the inscription it was dear that the column was n Uiimda-ahvaja 
lie., n pillar sunuounted with a figure of Garuda) erected in honour of 
Vnaodeva by n Hinduised Greek railed llcliiriuru*. who came there a* nathana- 
dor from the Greek Antialkidas of TaxiU t near the present Sarai-Knla of the 
Punjab ) to the court of Bhsgabhadra, ruler of Central India. II* re then was 
indicated the definite sit.- of a monument, a temple of Ya*udcva, and, for 
all practical purposes, n definite date. 140 B. C.. which, from numismatic 
evidence, lias lieen assigned to Antialkidas It was thus quit.- natural for an 
excavation expert li»e Dr. Mandiall to infer that not far from it could lm 
exhumed the remains of this Vasudeva temnle. lie was for long loi ging hi 
have this site explored when Maharaja Soitiflia instituted an Archa-ologieal 
Deportment and asked for Dr. Marshall’s help. Thanks to (lie Maharaja and 
the munificent sum o' Rs. 4,000 which he placed at our disposal and which was 
afterwords so kindlv supplemented hy It*. 1,000 from Dr. Marshall, the site 
round Kham Balia was taken up by me. at the latter Oflioer’s instructions, for 
excavation, which from about the midd'e of December to about the middle of 
March lasted for three months of the last cold reason. The excavat ion is liy no 
means yet complete, and at .'east one more cold season is neematy to finish it, 
I was particularly fortunate in that during the gm.ter portion of the period I 
was encamped *nt*Bcsnagar. Dr. Marshall was in («Dp at Sanehi. which is « rily 
five miles from it. It was thus possible for him to come to Bcsnagar and give 




me advice from time to time, which, coming as it did from such an exploration 
expert as lie. was invaluable and was more than confirmed by the results 
achieved.. 



X Epigraphy. 

19. No less than eighty -seven inscriptions were copied this season. A few 
of these only are now. and the rest either published or more or less known. 
Even the fresh impressions ot these last an* not without their interest . as they in 
many roses enable us to correct the old tentative readings. A list of thesu 
inscriptions i» given in Appendix D, and an account of some of them is also 
contained in fart II. 

XI. Numismatics. 

20. The most important find I have to note under this head is the hoard 
of 2,39:1 Kshatrapa coins discovered at Sarwania in the Ilanswarn State, 
Rajputann. They commence with the reign of Bodrarimh* I, son of Hudrada- 
man 1, and end with that of Rudmseua III, sqn of itudramnn If, and range 
from the year 103 to 275. i ■ e.. from a. i». 181 to 353. The dins were Urst sent 
to the Superintendent Kajputana Museum, Ajmer, whine aotvmnt of them will 
be found on p. 3 and IT of his llepurt for 1912-13. Through the kindnem of the 
Kamdnr, Bans warn Suit.', I have been able to secure the whole hoard fur my 
inspection, and my results will Ik* made known as soon ru. I have examined 
all the- coins. 

21. The report of the Honorary Serrviaiy to the Bombay Brnnoh of the 
Royal Asiatic Society regarding the examination and distribution of coins 
acquired by Government under the Tr.tu.un* Trove Act ( Act No. VI ot 1874 ) 
will bo found in Appendix II. The wune Appendix contains an account of the 
numismatic finds of the various districts coming under this Act. This lirui boon 
deduced by piecing together the notifications that have appeared from time to 
tinio in the Goolrmaent Gazette, no information on this score being supplied 
by tho Collectors though they arc required to do so in accordance w ith Govern- 
ment Resolution No. 3107. General Department, dated tho lftth July 1904. 

XII. Protected Monuments. 

22. The list of monuments, declared protect'd during the year under 
report, and appearing in Appendix K. though perhaps not as lengthy as that, of 
the previous year, still affords considerable ground for satisfaction. It is a 
matter of great delight to note the dwindling balance from the list of monuments 
initially recommended for protection by Mr. Coupons in the Progress Report 
for 1907-08. and it will not be too much to expect that next year even this 
lialance will be cleared off. Mr. Cousen's list, however, it must be borne in 
mind, is by no means exhaustive. and it is time that the Revised List* of Anti- 

K -ian Remains in Ike Bombay Presidency, 1897. should now be taken by the 
riot. Officers as their guide and tbcae monuments select'd for notification in 
the Gore nment Gazette and declared protected under the Ancient Monuments 
Preservation Act. which have not already been done so. but which are classified 
therein as either I or II. these of class III alone being for the present held over. 
If any doubt arises with regard to the classification of the first two classes of 
monuments entered in the Revised Limit or as to the desirability of including 
among protected monuments any not noted therein, it should be made the subject 
of reference to this Department, and the question will be settled as early ns possible. 

23. In regard to the execution :of agreements with the owners of monu- 
ments it is particularly gratifying to be able to record the considerable activity 
displayed by the Collectors of Districts in this direction, which cannot, but be 
deservedly appreciated when one considers the manifold duties incumbent upon 
their office. In the case of no low than forty-three monuments agreements 
have been SO signtd, as against only one of the previous year. It is, indeed, a 
task essentially onerous to allay inherent Suspicion and successfully prevail upon 
an owner, who through ignorance cannot appreciate the merit of his possession 
and. is apathetic of its artistic amenity, to consent to the execution of its repairs 




under the direction of Government. Unremitting effort to this end is. however, 
essential, as it is only by this means that an archfeologioal monument, privately 
owned, can be maintained in a manner it architecturally deserves, and effec- 
tually rescued from the source of its most frequent disfigurement. 

24. In connection with the application of section 3 of the Ancient Monu- 
ments Preservation Act* 1904 ( VI 1 of 1904 . the question was recently raised as 
to whether ancient monuments which were the property of -Govern meat should 
be declared protected under that section. It was urged on behalf of the 
proposal that a larger measure of protection was afforded to utonuments under 
section Hi of this Act than under the provisions of the Indian Penal Code 
( e.y.. Sections 425 and 120 ). The question being referred hi the Bombav 
Government for their views bv the Government of India, the former recommend- 
ed that these monuments, being the property of Government, which, in view 
of their archaeological value an-i their existing state of pnservatkm. were wort h 
preserving, should be declared protected under this Act a view in which the 
Government of India concurred as per their letter No. S4 of the 7th March hud. 

25. This is exceedingly satisfactory. For in some quarters it seems hi have 
been assumed that monument* believed to Ix-loug to Government need not l>o 
notilled ns protected monuments under the Act. Hut nn instanoe has actually 
occurred, in which a inonument previously aMiiined to belong to Government, 
and in respect of which no notification was issued, has lieen successfully claim- 
ed by a private individual and his ownership acknowledged by Government. 
On tho whole, it is extremely desirable to affix a notification hi tin: monument, 
for it will have the effect of calling upon the perwm* concerned to assert their 
title to it if they have any. or expro** any objection to the notification, and tho 
absence of any such assertion for a reasonable period may safely lie taken a« its 
having I teen established as Government property. 

28. 1 am sorry I have to report the following case, »J)ioh occurred during 
the vmr under review in the Sntaru District In May 1908 one Pir Hnyaa 
Hnji Malioiiusi Kasamsha ChUti of Honibay went hi the tranb of Afr.ulklian on 
Pmtnhgnd, which has been dec! «re«l protect'd under the And- nt Monuments 
Preservation Act < \ct VII of 1U0I ». He was anrompouied liv some 
Muhammadan re-idents of Mnhahalwhwar, and, in Ihuir prieenou. closed his 
eyes, and, after a short interval. der.Unsl that lie hail had a vision iu which he 
had seen Afuulkhan sittiug on a throne surrounded by other perwras in white 
raiment. In the ooursc of the vision Afsnlkhan ordered Pir Chisti to onlargc 
tho tomb. Pir Chisti ©implied with those orders, and enlarged it in su-di a 
mannor us to leave tho original toinb quite invisible, lie »as’oonviot«d of an 
offence under ^action 10 of the Act on 2nd June 1913 by the Sub-divisional 
Magistrate and sentenced to pay a fine of Rs. 1.000, in delault of which to 
undergo simple imprisonment for two mouths. On appeal to the Sessions Court 
tho line was reduced to IU. 150. 

XIII. Conservation 

<*) Bombay Presidency. 

27. A statement of ©inseravtion work earn'd out in this Presidency 
during the year 1913-14. is shown in Appe ndix L, and. of those it is proposed 
to take in hand during 1914-1 5, in Appendix S. I am exceedingly obliged to 
Government in the Public Works Department for hariug incrotsod from 
Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 30.000 the annual grant for the onservation of arducologioal 
buildings and remains. This was absolutely necessary, because as the number 
of monuments conserved or restored increases, the money required for their 
annual maintenance must necessarily increase. Resides the number of the 
monuments declared protected by Government is increasing ymr by year and 
with it also the responsibility of taking speedily in hand for repairs as 'many of 
them as possible. 

28. In fart, during the last three years there has been such a sudden 
increase in the number of monuments declared protected that it has necessitated 
the laying-down and pursuit of a systematic conservation policy, which wo c uld 




7 



lead to a thorough inspection of them all within a RasdtehieNogriod' of time 
with a view to determine what remedial measures are neces^a^y ifc lkj‘ case of 
each and the execution of repairs to them in the order of theirnHatTn. urgenpv. 
With this end in view I sent Mr. Page, as intimated ia para. of the last 
Progn-wi Report, to undertake tours of inspection in two districts, ri;., Hijapur 
and Phnrwar, which teemed with such monuments, and he wm during the 
earlier part of his touring sea s on occupied uith this work. All the monuments 
of these districts that have been declared protected have thus been scrutinised, 
and for every one of these the necessary conservation measuns noted down. 
They have all been embodied in the conservation notes framed by him. Next 
year he will take two or more such districts for inspection. 

20. Over ami above the current repairs which are of an idtvious and 
simple character and which have to be executed every year to a great many 
monuments, special repairs were initiated and arc in progreM iu th caae of the 
temple of Amharnath in the Thana district, te »»ple of Gondcshvar at Sinnar 
in the Nasik District, the Asar Maball at Hijapur and the old Clialukyan 
temples at Aihole and 1'nttadknl in the Hijaiair District, and the Jami Mnsjid at 
Taita in Sind. What reprint were executed in the'caaa of each during the year 
under report is clear from the last but one column of Yppendix L. Most ot those 

E laces were visited by Mr. Page. Other places in addition to those, such as 
lhatghar, Pitalkhom. Ahmedabad, Sarkhej. Dhollca, Champanir, and so forth, 
were also Inspected by him. Printed o»pi.> of l»s recommendations for the 
fare and protection of all the ancient monuments tiriud by him have ulrcndy 
boon submitted to Government, -both in the General and the Piltilic Works 
Department, and also romimini<-aUd to the officer* ooaoernod. BsbranoM lo 
so mo of these plate** will !>e found in his report con mi nod in Part III. 

30. ft appears from his report ( pp 77-S infra ) that pointing and 
whitewashing still continu* to disfigure the archaeological building* at 
Hijnpur, Champanir and Alum-dab *!. This is deplorable as all these places 
abound with old monuments which are gems of their kind. Every endeavour 
ought, therefore, to be made to improve their ap|iear.tf»oc. Oilier source* of 
disfigurement -re the putting up of 'rellb. work in the front portions of the 
mosque* and the erection of korhrka built and limmvhitrd latrine* aild other 
such abominable structure* nfha against the walls o' the monuments. Those 
last, are noticeable almoet exclusively at Vhmndaliad. liimi and whitewashing 
are not likely to disappear unh vt agreements with the "Wner* of monuments 
are executed. and this IVpurtmnt is hop- fully waiting f<ir the day when the 
Collector of Ahmednluid will he in a poutitn to take the needful notion in this 
respect, steps can, however, be easily taken to scrap- out pointing and thus 
remove at least one eye-sor.-. For this item the P. W. I). subordinates appear 
to h»- responsible, and it is high time for the Executive Engineer* concern!*) to 
seo that printing is carefully scraped off where it i* altogether unnecessary and 
is reorered at least {’ from the masonry fao- where the joints Imre gnped 
sufllciently to require it. Government have already spent so much for render- 
ing the monnmerits of these places structurally sound, and it would be a 
thousand pities not to expend a trifle more to make them look neat and artistic. 

31. This year no less than light inspection reports were rooeired as 

S ai'ist oue of last year. They were scot in by the Executive Engineers of 
-isik, Ahmednagar, Sholapur. Eastern and Western Khandesh, Thana, and 
Surat and Broach Districts. From Sind only one repart was received, from 
the Executive Engineer, Eastern Vara, through the Superintending Engineer, 
Indns Left Bank Division. Thev will be found in Appendix P. They throw 
far more light on the nature of the conservation work executed than even the last 
but one column of Appendix L does, and amtain some suggestions from the 
Executive Engineers for further safeguarding the monuments. These suggestions 
are valuable and highly welcome. au<) every effort is being made to give effect, 
to them. In particular this Department ha?, the satisfaction to note that 
the old monuments are being systematically looked after, so far, at any 
rate, as the districts just referred to an- concerned, it being impossible 
for the Archeological Officers owing to the enormous extent, of their Circle 
to visit them all regularly. 




8 

32. It is not at all unlikely that the Executive Engineers, who have not 
favoured this office with their reports, were too busy to visit the archaeological 
buildings in their districts. But if the Collectors themselves, than whom it is 
not possible to find more liard-worked District Officers, have found time to turn 
their attention to the archieological matters, connected with the Ancient 
Monuments Preservation Act, which, being of a legal character, not unfre- 
quently are intricate and taxing, it would not be too much to expect the 
Executive Kngineere in general to devote some of their time to the inspection of 
the archa ological monuments in their charge. Of the dirt rids from which no 
reports were received, Ahmedabad, Bijapnr and Dharwar, in particular, abound 
with monuments, and consequently this Department cannot but. be anxious to 
know how the ancient structures there an* faring. What is rally required by 
tho Government Resolution, Public Works Department. No. A — 247 « r », dated 
23rd October 1903, is the result of the inspection of the monuments oonduded by 
tho Executive Engineers themselves, and not by their Hub-divisional Officers as 
scums to have been done in the case of one or two of the inspection rej-orla 
submit t.d this year to this liepartment. 

33. I have to report with regret the defacement and breakage of certain 

Uciacefncn! ot smut images caused on the 14th of February last in' the 

Temple. temple of Gundeshwar at Sinnar in the Nasik Dis- 

trict which has been declared n protected monument. In spite of the searching 
inquiries omducUd by the Distnct authorities the dnteerntor or dcsecrators have 
not yet l men brought to account. Fortunately the damaged figures are in no 
way remarkable for their excellence ns sculpture and exhibit generally the dis- 
integrated surface of long eX|K«*ure to weather. This Department hns recom- 
monrtrd repairs to bo undertaken in those instiooes only where the broken 
fragments of the old stone are available, Meyer’s stone oeuient being advised to 
be used in resetting. 

34. In Pebmary 1913, I fnrwardid. through the proper channel, to all tho 

Arida mi « oflrm in charge of ancient monuments in my Cirolo, 

Copies of an extract from the "Burma Magnet” of 80th 
Novemlter 1912. to which my attention was drawn by the Director- General of* 
Arclucnlogy and which re-omuM'iulcd the use of the mixture of nitric and 
sulphuric acids for tho purpose of di-rtrnying treostum|«. I n*eoiv«d replies, 
omnodying the result* of their trials, from the various Executive Engineers of 
the Ibimbay Presidency in the oourae of the year under review Outside this 
Presidency. however, the Dowan of the Indore State was the only officer that 
favoured this ollloo with a report. All there reput* will be found in 
Appendix R. Bxoept in one solitary instance the use of this ncids mixture 
docs not seem to have proved efficacious. 



35. One of the problems that is at present ••ngaging the attention of this 
sir I'aocH Fos’» iroaiing Dejnrtment is how best to oonserve a monument, 

— a temple or a mosque — whose walls have started 
bulging out or have so hulgrd out as to be in danger of tumbling down. I he 
cause of this dilapidation is plain enough. The walls an« doubtless very attractive 
in appenranoe consisting as they do of beautifully carved faces, both inner nnd 
outer. But three faces are of a thin section, and in-between the s|woo is filled 
with heaped rubble, unbonded and devoid of any vestige of cementing material. 
8noh being the construction of the walls, when in the course of time rain water 
percolates through the join's of the upper inav>nry. a movement is started in 
the loose infilled core, resulting in the varyingly disastrous stages of disrepair in 
which we at present see so many archaeological buildings. With such a state 
of affairs reparntorv measures applicable reduce themselves to cither wholly 
dismantling and rebuilding them— a usually prohibitively expensive item, or the 
adoption of some expedient -measure for arresting further dilapidation. This 
last alternative has become possible on account of an apparatus called 
a cement grouting machine which was designed bv Sir Francis Fox for 
the injection of liquid portland cement into the hollows and crevices of 
loosely built and disintegrating walls of old hnildings m as to render them 
one whole compact homogeneous mas. The machine is in general use 
for such purpose* both among archaeological monuments and in general 




9 



building work in England, and. to mention two instances of its notably success- 
ful application, it has been the means of saving Winchester Cathedral .and 
St. Paul’s Cathedral, London. It was for the especial treatment necessary to the 
former fabric that, I understand, the apparatus came to l»e designed. An appli- 
cation to Government was made for the purchase of one such machine through 
Sir Francis Fox for use in the Western Circle, and I ain highly indebted to 
Government, in the Public Works Iiepnrtineut, for very generously and 
promptly arranging to older it— As soon as it arrives here in India, the A«istant 
Superintendent, who first brought it to the notice of l»r. Marshall and myself, 
will personally superintend its working in the many instances urgently desirable, 
and its ready portability will. I have no doubt. 'facilitate its use everywhere in 
the Bombay Presidency. 

(») Native States. Bombay Presidency. 

3tl. No conservation work up|*nre to have been undertaken in uny one 
of the Native States within the bounds of the Bombay Presidency. 



(c) Central 



87. No work of conserving monument*! remains lias been carried out in 
Central India except at I>har and Mandu in the l)lu»r State and Suncbi in 
Bhopal. An account of the useful and valuable work done at the latter pluoo 
under tlie personal supervision of the Hircctor-Ucneral of Archu-ologv will duly 
npis ar in his Kcport. My Assistant. Mr. Pago, was also there for n few days to 
help the Director-General W lint hell, he was able to give has been briefly 
referred to by him on p SO <4 this Kre(iurt. A* regards Dharand Mandu, 
the quality Ot work achieved rontiniK* to lie s-itisfaclory and greatly redound* 
to the credit of Vi r. Aga. State Engineer, and hi* assistant Mr. Ihwhpaude, 
Overseer. It is ;i matter of exceedingly great delight that tbo various iMvisurut 
pn»|sis»<l by the l)io«tor Gen. ml in his three long and exhaustive n<»t<*« for the 
i»ro|*cr repairs and upkeep of the old buildings of Mandu have Issui well-nigh 
carried out, and it was, therefore, high time to extend our conservation pro- 

K me, and s- lect. for cure und prof.-ction. <>thcr monuments which m.hkI next, 
h-r of urgency, to those which have jn*t been put into structural pnwer- 
vntion.’ In accordance with the propnml of the l)inx.tor-Genernl. Mr. Pane was, 
therefore, instructed by mu to seh-ct such of the monuments at Mandu **.n were 
architecturally and historically im|»>nnnt and bad not hitherto received any 
attention from us. He lias chosen no ka tliau twenty such monuments, some of 
which are gems of architecture. 



M Psjpulans. 

38. In Raipntana no conservation work of importance s.s*ms to have boon 
dono except at Bay ana in the Bharat pur State. A list of the monuments so 
conserve! and the repairs done to them are contained in Appendix N. It. will 
be possible from next year fo give a better acouint of i he work done here as 
on the rec •mmendiUion of the lHrector-Gencrnl, the Government of India have 
restored Havana to the Wrscern Circle. No intimation has yet been received 
as to whether any work was executed in the case of the Dilwara temples on 
Mount Abu. 



(•) Hyderabad. 



39. We have heartily to congratulate His niirhnc* the Nizam's Govern- 
ment who have spent during their official year Pasli 1322 (i.e., ending fith 
October 1913) not less than It*. 27.34*1 on conservation of ancient monument* 
m their dominions. The most noted of these are the famous caves of Ellora— a 
group, in one place, of the Buddhist. Brahmanical and Jaina Sects— and the 
Ajanta caves also in their territory which among others have been receiving 
their full attention. 



Bam-3 




10 



•10 Tabulated particulars of the works undertaken ant given in detail in 
Appendix 0. 



XIV. Tour Programme for 1914 - 15 . 



41. In para. 18 of the Report I have informed Government that during 
surcrta.cnd.-r. TW «er report I did excavation work at Besr.agar 

in the Gwalior state and was there for nearly three 
months. The excavations there are a work of two scasous.and could not, therefore, 
be completed last year. And it would be a pity to leave them as they .were, 
especially as the results achieved were of a very impcrlant and valuable character. 
I, therefore, intend rradhiiug these excavations nextcold season and spend another 
throe months at Bemagar. If this work. howi-ver. comm to an end earlier, I 
intend going toTando Muhammad Khan in Sind and opening the lower, six miles 
north-west of it and laaide the rail w.y line, ivc.»in mended by Mr Councils for 
evaavation purpeses. The work of listing the monuments of the Gwnlior 
State to which 1 introduced Mr. M. B. Garde, Inspector of Archaeology for that 
State, hint cold season, will hcpu'hed forward by him, hut I have promis'd, 
if I llql time, to visit with him some of the ardutxdogioallr important placra of 
the State such as the Ragh Caves, Narwar, and others regarding which he stands 
in need of my advii o. Ami this work it is expected will keep me occupied for 
n month und u half at least. Work in connection with the Prinoe of Wnh« 
Museum will also engnim me. The Trustee* have promised to give me an 
Assistant to help me to arrange the An lucological Section, and with a view to 
selecting exhibits and sowing him how to d«> it. I intend undertaking tours 
with him in Gujarat and Kathiawar. I nl»> intend visiting some of the im- 
portant cuvra in order to sec in what condition they are and take gyod photographs 
which are still a draidcratnm in our office. 

Superintendent* will comim-noe his cold weather 
tour with a virit to the Portuguese remains at 
Ban*.- in to inspect the conservation works under- 
taken u|ion the recommendations he drew up on his Initial visit last year. Hu 
will then undertake tours in the Surat ami Brunch Districts in furtherance of 
the scheme for inspecting *y»tcmnti -ally in the various districts the whole of 
the monuments which hnvo been declared protected and which thus hayi been 
deemed worthy of conservation mm surra, lie will then visit Dholkn to con- 
tinue the inspection of the dilapsUtioc monumonts there which had to be un- 
avoidably curtailed last seasrn and thns complete the* inspection, begun last 
year, of all the monuments declared protected in the Ahniedahnd Dislriet. 



48. The Assistant 

AssisUiM Supcrknlc*JetW’« 



43. The Hard;. Durluir in Mr. Coosena* time had asked him trt make pro- 
posals for conserving the celebrated monument called Itudramala at Siddlipurnnd 
the equally celebrated temple of Sun a at Mod he re— both in the-Kndi l>iri«ion of 
the Banda Slate. The measures pro|Ksed by Mr. Cousens have been carried 
out, and the Durbar i.*now anxious to undertake u thorough an 1 comprehensive 
program ne so a» to ensure the care and protection of allthe important monuments 
existing in the Barda territory and has asked for our help and guidance through 
its Punlic Works Department. After finishing his work at. Dholka, the 
Assistant Superintendent will, therefore, proceed first to Siddlipur and Modhcra 
to inspect the conservation work d -no there for the purposts of a report, there- 
on and such further recommendations as mar be n-oeuqtaUd, and them visit such 
places in the Kadi Division as Sunak. Knsara. Sandemand Delmal, the interesting 
monuments of which have been desorbed by Dr. Burgess and Mr. CouacnS in 
** North Gujarat ” which forms Volume XX XI I of the Archeological Survey 
of India 1 New Imperial Series). He *ill thereafter proceed northwards and 
visit ( I ) Mount Abu and its marlde temples which no archaeological Officer 
has been able to visit for a long time, > 2 ) the ..Id temples at Amva and Kiradu 
in the Jodhpur State, whose Durhar Kis expressed a wish for th ir preservation, 
and (8 the archseological buildings at Ajmer and (4) Bavaua in the Bharat- 

C r State which last two have recenily been restored to my Circle and in the 
t of which conservation work of a very important, nature in accordance with 
the recommendations of the Director-General of Archaeology is in progress and 
•stands in urgent need of inspection and guidance. 




« 



44. Kanheri Caves will also be visit**! with a view to note the conservation 
measures that may prove necessary, and. above all, to inspect the repairs that 
are being carried out there by the Public Works Department. And with the 
visits promised to be undertaken to settle conservation queries in quite a number 
of places in the Presidency and especially in the Karwar District he will be 
actively occupied in touring until the middle of April next when he will return 
to I lead- quarters as usual for the hr* weather. 

Poona, 1st July 1914. D. R. BHAXDARKAR. M.A.. 

Superintendent, 

Archeological Survey of India, Western Circle. 




APPENDIX A. 



Superintendent’s Diary. 



April 



AugoA 

Nordmba 



January 



Man-1. 



1913 . 

1*1 to 9th 

10 th to 18 th 
19th to ‘.D h 
21 >t to 27 th 



29th 

30th 






On 

Pal»vraph 
. At Read-) 

Left for Ajmer 
Halt at Ai 



to nasiiur in M. A. Epigraph; and 



.. Ajmer to 






Mamlaaur to 



28th — I-ft fur Bimpor. 

29thto30th . Halt at Hijap.r. 

Slat Retwae 1 to Hmd^oarto.. 

4th to 5th . Left fur Gwalipr. 

6th to 6th . Halt at G«ahor. 

9th ... Afrirol at BUIan 
10th to lllli . Halt at Bkibn. 

12th ... Beached Ikah. 

ISth to 17th . Halt at Boh. 

I8ih ... l*Ra«AWd to Gjaiwpar 
19lh to 23th . Uall at U.araapar. 

26th ... Gjaraapcr to Touoda. 

27th ... Toooda to Haro 
28th to 3«1 . Halt at Buo. 

4th ... Kaaehod U<h;|*r 
6th to 10th . Halt at Udaypur. 
llth to l:»h . On th. «a; to Ajmer 
13th ... I-f« Aja-r lor Beoh.b Bhd.a 
16th to 78th . Halt at B.ah 
29th to SUth . On the|wa; to Hcad^jaarter.. 

1914 . 

lit to 2nd . Halt at Poona. 

Urvl to 4th . On th. back to Baah u. Mila*. 

6th to 9th . Hall at IM 

10th ... Left for lndwe 
12th ... Halt at ladorr. 

ISth'to 14th . Left for Ftmm. 

IMhto 19th . Halt at Poona 

20th ... Arrirrd at Ahmrdna«ar. 

21rt to 22nd . Halt at Ahn^ilaagar. 

23rd to 24th . Joume; frwn.Ahn-dna*ar to Nrvaaa and back to Poooa 



Assistant Superintendent's Diary. 



April 



Jane 



1913 . 

lit to 21* . At H tad -Quarter* 

22nd ... Poona to Ixcarla ft» Karii and ihetx* to Bomba; 
23rd ... VWt to Baa-in. • 

24th ... V,a,t to Amharoath 

25th ... V ait to Uepfcanta and rrtxrn to Poona. 

21d ... Viait to Karii tart*. 



Ango it 



October 



llth ... Joarw; from Pbona to'Kaak. 

12th ... Vi. t to Panda Lena'cnre* 

13th ... Vi. t to Jbodga r U Uamnad and lack to Na»k. 

14th ... Halt at Namk. 

15th ... V at to Sinner. 

16th to 17th . Kaeik to Poona 



10 th 

llth 

12th to 13lh 

144h 

15th 

20th 

21*t 



Arrirrd al/Jannar. 

J iinnar to (U .tghar. 
Halt at Ghavhar. 
Ghatgbar to J anna 
Jannarto 
hoM> . 

Vwit to Pitalkhcn i 
Vi* it to Patna 
Bctnrn to Pttta. 




23nl 




16 



1913 : 



December 



January 



February 



March 



■UK i* 5th . P-*.» lo Habli 



6th 


aaa 


Visit to Unkal. 


7th 


• ae 


Visit to D-tikcy- 


8th 


••• 


Visit to Tatcbor. 


9th 




hrtnrn to Habli. 


10th 


••• 


Hall at HoHL 


llth 


— 


Ilabli to Ha.cn 


12th 




Visit to BalainM- 


13th 


• • • 


Halt at BakmbJ. 


14th 


ee • 


Visit to Hanga) 


15th 


••e 


Halt at Hangal. 


16th 




Hangal to ItolambiA 


17th 


••• 


Halt at BolamhuL 


18th 


ee» 


Visit to Narrgal. 


19th 


M , 


He tire to Hareri. 


20th 




HaH at lUrrri 


Slat 


••• 


Visit to G ital 


22 nd 

23id 

24th 




Visit to Chao Aaa per. 
Vint to Gslagnath 
Hall at Gataf 


23th 


z 


Visit to Handbalh. 


26th 


—• 


Gala] to Kanebeonsr. 


27th 


— 


Visit to Hattrhalli. 



28th to 29th . n«lt at Ran* be tib nr. 
M ... Kurioeer to GaJtf. 



ftlh 



let 
2 nd 
Sri 
4lh 
ilhto 
7tb 

8th to 10th 
llth 
12th 

13th to 23rd 

24th 

23th to 27th 
28th 

29th to 3th 



Halt at Gadae 
Viaift to Ukknndi. 
Halt at 
Vi.it to I»a= 

Malt at 
Cutoff to 
Halt at - 
V.,„ to 
Madam i to Bi-j-r 
Halt at B 
Vi.it to Katnalfi. 
Halt at ll.e 
Rrt- n. to 
At Head <|aart»rB. 



1914 . 

flth . ... l’oona to KaaA. 

7th ... V . ttoAaj 

8th ... Arm.1 at I 

9th to 23th . Halt at Suiehi 

26th to 27th . On the war to 
S*th ... Halt at Shidtrar 

2* th ... On the war to IWalkoC 

30th ... Do ' Aiboto. 
31* to 3rd Hah at A.holr. 



:*lh - Oo the war to Phtt»lkal. 

3th I* 6th . 11 tit at I'attadkal. 

7th ... On the war to Badatai. 

8th to Pth . Halt at Radami. 
loth to llth . On the war to Ahmedabad. 

12th to 18th . HaH at Ahn-»lnhwL 

19th to 2Uth . On the war to Mbow, for Phar. 

22nd ~. Dhar to Wanda. 

23td to 28th . Halt at Mandn. 

27th to 2Sth . On the wa. to Ahmedabad We Mbow. 



litto 7th . HaH at AbWtbad. 
8th ... Vial to D Kolia 
Pth to 10th . Halt at Abmataiad. 
llth ... On the way to HaW. 

12th to 16th . Halt at HaW 
17th to 18th . On the war to Suwbi 
19tb to 31 it . Halt at Saneln 




17 

APPBNDIX B. 



List of Drawings prepared during the Year 1913-14. 



g.ri.1 -Vo. 






T2I. *t Dn-ia*.- 


K*«.rk. 


1369 


Nana*fh»t 


... 


Com* *cet*u 


a sol plan of cmte* ... 


Mult oat. 


1370 


Bi*mr 




D«»iga* of 


Bowrr«MO 


Do. 


1371 


Polodungar 


— | 


IV elm 
rate. 


LUoa > 1*1 aMlCOI of 


Do 


1372 


Dhar 


••• . 


PUbo£ K» 


mil limits tomb 


Do 


1373 


Mamlu 


••• 


Pro * cutr 


ufr iWn< ct Jami 

• 


Do 


1374 


IV*. 


••• 


BnMi* mV. rrrtk*. at North nil- 
h*a«m ranrr of Haahaof'a 

loaaK 


Do. 


1375 


Drothwi 


• •• I 


i 

3 

i 

ie 


,«* 01 slshadria ... 


Do 


1376 


Ahmadnmgar 




PUn of S i 


SVh’. tomb ... 


Do. 



B 2110—5 



18 



APPENDIX C. 

List of Photographs taken by the Archwological Survey, 
Western Circle, during the year 1913-1914- 




Entrance to Ghat, general vkw from raat 
Toll pr witb r. at old tnll-dwJ 

Car# No 1, Krceral ritw from n<wtb 
Core No. 2, general riew Irxa unUi 
„ with etepa in GW 
Tw». cutere* on iraar right rf rate No. 1 
General riew of Caret 
Ch»it«* Cere (No. 1) inter** 

„ )«intiig* on wnll 

, ic jellnn 

Vi her* Car* (No. 3) inferior ^ ^ 



vrwr it 

9060 Jhi-lg» 

9061 _ 

3003 

8063 

3l«Vi Sinnar 

8006 llhilen 
3066 

8007 GnrHiw 
3068 

8060 

3070 

8 W1 

01*73 

8078 

807* 

:, 076 

3070 

8077 



mil* are ,4 tr,<tl» 
lower pot"* of ri 
te pillar of tinder 



Udaipur 



Mraj-A 

Temple 







19 




w lb* J rc-j* r l«fi of door 

It >» 

to the ( JVJ<T right Of JiAiT 



Lion aaptal at Gupta («r«d 
I*io« nlitin 1 » mg *<*h > I 
I'alra capriaU 
Stray trulptam 



40! I 


fJaigiri 


4012 


ft 


4013 


19 


4014 


ff 


4015 


19 


4010 


ft 


4017 


n 


4018 


* 


4019 


19 


40-20 


19 


4021 1 


It 


4022 


99 


4023 


t 


4024 


99 




»• 


4026 


It 


4027 


It 


4028 


ff 


4029 




4080 


n 


40111 


99 


4032 


4033 


II 


40-lt 


•I 


4035 




41 CIO 


II 


4037 


99 

II 


401W 


4090 


ft 


4040 


M 


4041 


lU-h llMtm 












Sofal 

Xo. 



Locality. 



TaU* 



Six of 

ShCMlto. 



4079 

4000 

4081 

m-i 

4083 

4084 

4085 
41^ 
4087 
*088 

4089 

4090 

4091 

4092 
4098 

4094 

4095 
4098 

4097 

4098 
4009 

4100 

4101 

4102 
4108 

4104 

4105 
4Ulil 

4107 

4108 

4109 

4110 
4U1 

4112 

4113 

4114 

4115 
4110 

4117 

4118 
4111* 
1 I 2 M 

4121 

4122 
* 1*8 

4124 

4125 

4126 

4127 

4128 

4129 

4130 

4131 

4132 

4133 
413-4 
4135 
*188 

4137 

4138 

4139 

4140 
4U1 

4142 

4143 

4141 

4145 

4146 

4147 

4148 

4149 

4150 

4151 



Bc*h 



Dotal 



Timbur 



Babiobid 



lliingnl 

•* 

•9 

llnrrri 

fhnodon 

Haraihnlli 

iUUi'bUli 



Ukknndi 

Dani'bol 



r 



lMtag»ri 

llwUmi 



Uin>hArk»n 



Bijapur 








8*-«6J' 

n 





sj'xcr 



«r-*r 





8i*x*l* 







4152 Bijnpnr 

* 15 * 

41M 
4.155 I 



Abu 

IUI« Laliii'a 
ArilBl Ilibi'* 










22 



APPENDIX D. 



List of Inscriptions copied during; the year I9>3~i9i4- 



- 



o' iMriptiM. 



2610 (ihitgur 



2617 1’itiilkhora 



MM Hhilaa 
8623 I „ 



mi 

2662 IMuiffin 
2633 



... Nanaghat , 



>,t.oa I. 

n. 



... Id Cmt, I. 

... n II. 



VII. 
bill in ( 



...j - «■ . {JUr alUbll 

...I Haaakanika Car*, « the right ol the 
... Id ViTMra.-. Car*. 

... Chandr*c*p«a CWee. on right plUr ii 



2636 lloanagnr 
2C37 Ovanupur 



2613 Boro 
2GU Pathan 



2M7 Udaipur 



2660 

2651 



.. On Khan Baba pillar 
...I On a abb ia rWwnra h<m* 

... On another .lab 

... On a pillar in Alkhamba 

... Temple <* Ualade on a poreh pUlar. 

... In Jami Maajal 

... Sanakrit ioMriptiw in another Maapd. 

... On a atone near Jain* temple to the KW. of tank. 

... On a atone near Katarao to the oaat of tank. 

... On Bh.mg*)» pillar. 

... On kft pillar crftomple of Sahaw. Ling* 

... Temple XiLakantbrarara. mat perch, os louae llab. 
...| •• - on another dab. 

on right pilar. 




p-*— of InacrlpUun. 



2652 , 

2653 

2654 
26W 

2656 

2657 

2658 

2659 

2660 
2661 
2662 
2668 

2664 

2665 

2666 
2667 
9668 
2669 
2070 

2671 

2672 
9873 
2671 

2675 

2676 
2577 

2678 

2679 

2680 
2681 
2682 

2683 

2684 

2685 
9686 

2687 

2688 

2689 

2690 

2691 

2692 

2693 

2694 



Udaipur 



Vunrad 

* “HP 
Arlmvnra 



llaUmbd 



Narvgal 



Trn.pl* Siklmiilmiu, «Ml 



On n wall 
J On n boat 



... On lb. 



at Ik. 



porrk. on right pillar IV. 

„ V. 

on left pillar, 
on left jamb, 
on left parapet 
jorrh, on right pillar. 
8W. of temple 
SW. of I 
ct Maajid 



of th. f«t- 



On n niche of the 
IO.nnUbu.IWr. 



... lUmcn.nrai 



.J 



third 



0 . . pillar in Sabharaandm]*, mat aide. 
. . »onh 



■oath 

nltho 



a. LntoJ in 8nbfcniu*.dm|.. 
.aether Ulom 



another 



Snrrenrar. temple. 






24 








APPENDIX E. 




Annual Expenditure of the Survey. 








Ka. a p. 


Ra. a. p. 


Salami*— 








Superb lend*ut 


••a 


6,462 14 5 




Aaiiataaft Superintend*.!! 


— 


4,616 2 1 




BttablihmrDl 


••• 


4.423 1 7 




Temporary r^,bluhm,n* 


— 


23 11 10 




Plague alloTNQCM 


••• 


80 0 0 








Total... Ra. 


15.603 13 11 


Travelling Allownnoee— 








Soperintanden* 


900 


1.040 11 0 




Aamatant SupwinUndanl 


••• 


1,661 2 0 




Eatabli.hmimt 


999 


2,107 7 0 








Total... Ra 


6,789 4 0 


Suppliia and SerrioN— 








Kvcmrationa 




7*8 14 2 




Pbotr«rB|.hy and PhotootaWrial 




401 11 6 




PtiirK«-r of, and Npaira U\ trot a 




71 2 0 








Total ... Ha. 


1.231 11 8 


Coutingroeir*— 








Purchaae nf Stationery 


999 


30 0 0 




PwokaN of Book. 


— • 


222 S 0 




Litvin of peona 


909 


22 8 0 




Ilrnta. Kata. and Taiea 


909 


672 0 0 




l\*Wg» and Talogram Chargta 


••• 


163 12 0 




Conreyanre of kit, ate. 


999 


507 IS 0 




l'urrha* of, and rrpai n to, Pamitor. 


999 


136 14 6 




Pay of Menial. 


909 


46 0 0 




Miwlhnw 


909 


201 13 « 




Purrh»M of InMrumcnW 


909 


17 14 0 








Total m. Ra. 


2,105 14 0 




Grand Totals. Ra. 


24,732 11 0 




25 

APPENDIX F. 

The following is a list of books added to the office library during the 
year 1013-14 

Viarakanna, Pari* III, IV, V and VI. 

PapM* on prewrvahoa a£ Historic Btea and - V no cat Monument* and Building* in tie Wertern 
Indian Cokmiee. 

Xumiwnatt Orientals' ( Coin* of Southern Indin). 

Tbe Baa*, for Artuiic and Industrial Revival in India, by Havel. 

Annual Progiea* Report of the Supointendcnt, Hindu and Boddhi* Manaroenta, Northern 
Oil'll*, for ltfllTi 

Annual Program Report of the Superintendent, Ard**ol>gicnl Survey, Burma Circle, for tho 
year 1912-13. 

Annual Pr-gw-s* Rep** of the A-atta-. irchaoiojinl Superintendent far Epigraphy. Southern 
Gird*, for tho you- 1912-13. 

Annual Progrtaa Keport of thn SapcnalemleBt, ArtWogicnl Surrey, Southern Circle, for 
tho year 1912-13. 

Annual Program Report of tho Supwrintendeal, Archwlog-cal Survey. Frontier Circle, for tho 
yoar 1912-13. 

Annual Progrew. Report of the Sapmntnodnat, Arohmefagieal Borvey, Kaatern Circle, for tho 
year 1911-12. 

Archeological Sorrey of Indin. Annual Repent, Part I. f tw 1911-12. 

Annual Kop rt oo the Archiieotural Wtrk in Indin few the yror 1911-12 

Brahma Alphabrt by Bohlrr. 

Brigga Hi. fury of the Ria* of the Muhamnudea Powtr in India, in four volume. 

Kocort -n tho Coin, dealt with aider tho Trroauro-Trove Act in tho Central Province, during 
tho year 1912-13. 

Book of Indian Era* by Cunningham. 

Albornui’. India, by Saehau. 

Bnddhi.t I tali' by Rhy« Haride. 

Madiwval Italia by Lade-Pcote. 

Sanskrit Literature by Mar Dotted. 

South-I Ddian Inscrijtiooa, Vnl. IL 

Twenty eighth Annual Report of the Bnroou of American Ethnology far 1900-1 >07. 

Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No 34. 

Do do. So. W 



Repertoire D' Art Et D 1 Arohwolcgie, 1912. 

Do. do. do. 1913. 

Do do. do 1913 

Original Inscription, collected by King Bodawpoya in Upper Burma and now placed near tho 
Patodttwgyi Pagoda, Amarpur. 

Roman Sculptor*, Vola. I and II. by Kugmie Strong. 

Nature in Greek Art by Emanuel Lowy. 

Architecture of Ahmcdabtd by Hop* and Frrgaaeon. 

Photograph, of Architecture. Ac. in Wcatera India by Major Ofll. 

The following b oks of the Bombay Sanskrit Son* — 

Pancha-Tantra, Parta l II. Ill, IV and V. 

Nagoji B kata'* PartbhaaheaduaekWa, 4 Vola. 

Raghuvnmia of Kalidaaa. cat tee I-VL 

Dc. do. vn SIM. 

Do. o. SIV-XIS. 

Malati-Maihavs. 

Vitramorvaaiyam. 

Sana'a Kadao ban, Part L 
Do. Part II. 



B ill® — " 




26 

ftibbaxhitavaH of VallabhadeTa. 

Hiio|«Ml«a of Xarayana. 

Gondavaho of VakiatL 
Mahanaray an*‘>jan .had aai IHpika. 

Samgnihari pad.lh**l . 

Naiahkarmyaaddhi with Chandrika of Jnanottaim. 

Rigv&la Haod-book. Put 1. 

Do. do. Par* n. 

Hym* from the Rigrada 
Dawk u marachani* 

Aphorwir-a oo th# Sarrwl U> of tha Hiwlaa by ApaaUmfaa, Part L 
Do. do- da Part II. 

The IU^>Utraugini of Kalbaaa, S VoU 
PatanjtUautram. 

Para«ra T)ha»m*-Samhita. VoL I, Pan 1. 

Do. do. VoL I, Part n 

Ito do. Vol. U. P*n L 

Do. do. VoL II, Part a 

Da da VoL HI. Pm L 

Nyeyukoaa. 

Mrichchhakalika. 

NavamUwnka-charite. Part I. 

Bhatlikavya, VoU. I and II. 

K u marapaUchania. 

Rrhhagt.iiu. Vol., I and IT. 

Kk arali, Vol I. 

Prtla|«ri<lr>yambba*hMam 

Ilanha-oharitam. 

Vyakaraiia M.halWiya of PWtanjah VoU I. II awl in. 
Upaniahedvakya Koaa 
Aim. and M. thole in Arrh^hvg, by Patna. 

Or.irn.1 Admini.tr.lio. R-.-rt (Bombay IWdeacy). I91M8 
OamUwr ..f tha Bombay PiwddaocT— 

Ahnxolnagar. Vol. IVB. 

Do aecutal edition, Vol XVU-B. 

Ra%jpn and Savaotvadi. Vol X-B 
Dharwar and Savour, Vol XXIIB. 

Thai* and Jawhar, Vol. XIII. 

Kaoara. Vol. XV-B. 

Poona aol Bbor, Vol. XVIII-B. 

Sholapur and Akalkot, Vol XX B. 

Dijapur, Jath mid DaphUpnr. VoL XXIII B 
S*Ura. Phaltan and Oaadb, Vol XIX-B. 

Nook aud 8 organa, Vol XVI-B. 

Indian Antiqu *rj (ourmii tmrab *r») 

KpigTsp^iia Tndicn ( do ). 

Jo ii ha] of Imiian Art and Indu*t mo (mrwnt nambtT*). 

Jon rani of the Ro/al Amt ic Sorirty Umdo* (carrvnt number*). 

Bombay Quytwlr lift. 

Quai sr\y li*<ta of GnoetUd ottWr* in tHe Arctupologifml Surrey DrpartmMit. 




27 



APPENDIX G. 



List of Coins and Antiquities acquired by Different >Vluseums. 



The Honorary Secretary, Bombay Branch, Royal Asiatic Society informed 

nv that durins the rear under report, 7$ old ooins were 
Bombay AdiUc Society. j^ded p, coin cabinet of that inn itutiim of these 8 

were gold, 34 silver. 16 copper and 20 mixed metal. Of the total, 3 guld were 
presented bv the Chief of Jath in the Bijapur District, and 2 opi>er were receiv- 
ed from the’ Under Secretary to the Government of Bombay, General Depart- 
ment, and the rest were acquired from different Government* under the Treasure 
Trove Act 

The coins are of the following description 
3 Achyuti Raj. (protahly)— 

Obv.-Bfaok. 

Iter. -Doable hr*Ud Mb boVl. BR ap .null elephant- in it. beak. noli 

daw. | jm-»ratrd by the CM at JnU). 

1 Sri-Prat*pad«ia lUyn— 

<**<« D -~- 

Sultan, ot iWbUOld. 



1 SalUn Mahaaou.1 (Ahnud) MJik— 

irbr- Saltan Uuhama-d < Ahn-d) Malik 
Rar.-gultan-ul Adil. 



■ Found in Areot Dutricl. 



1 Venitian Dnct. F** '<**'-* * J> 

2 Gold, not decipherable (fo«n4 fa the rkw»|«.i Ufaa Debar n»l Oriun). 

S Pilter, lorma (found fa tb. Ahm»dna*ar DiMrict) 

Sultans ol Delhi- — Silver. 

B Mohammed bin T.ghtta, (fend » tb. PW-jatanpOT I>«W UP.). 

Mughal Cotas Silver. 

11 Akbar— 

M ' Bl Jau^jor'i 4 ) F * ui iB **'«*« District, UP. 

. ) 

» ^ » the Kart Khandreh Dutrift. 

1 Ainti|f/ili. Barhanpur Mint (fend m tbr Ahmeinaffar Difarfat). 

9 Shah AW IMru Mint (loand in the 1 I.pI. Dtarict. U P) 

1 PW AUm It, IW Mial (found in tfa Maredabad District, V P>. 



Mysore Coins Silver 

I Tip. Saltan. Sherirgarottam Mint (foand in the Stun Dirtrict). 

I French I jut India Sdrer, Arret Mint (frond in tbr Satara District). 



Mai « a Coins — Copper, 
1 M '.I hammed Shah II (found in the look Sut. 



Ja unpur Coins — Copper. 

12 Husrin Shah of Ja.npnr (fend in thr SoHanjor »nd Jala urn District., P P). 

Sultans ol I 'elhi— Copper. 

1 Mu ha aimed Shd>— 

fc&SSifcSt }«•«-*««» sna- DWna »w™. 

2 Chhatrnf At: C«nn*. Copfrr (| <rt€3W<i hr thr U&dcT Secretwr •»> Government, Ortienl 

DepArtmrnt, Bomtaj/. 




Sultans 



Delhi — Mixed 



7 M a tank L 
6 Mahammed II. 

4 Muhammad Inn Tnghlaq 

* "*•«* { round i 

2 Nuiruikim. ) 



in the Shahajahaspor District, UP. 



Prince ol Wales 
Bombay. 



us follows about tlio work done for tho 



t gS&u. 

Old teak-wood carving, removed from a house at Ahmedabad which was 
Prince oi Wales Museum, being demolished, was purchased by the Trustees of 
Bombay. the Prince of Wales Museum, and a small gold crown 

(apparently Ik longing to an image) which was dug up at Elephanta during tho 
excavation' for the Port Trust works was received from Government. 

Tho Curator, Victoria and Albert Museum, Bombay. supplied me with a 
victoria and Albert Museum, copy cf the Annual Report of his museum in winch 
Bombay. he Bjl as follows about tho work done for tho 

Arohn*ological Section : — 

“ The specimens in this section hare all been re-arrangwl, and a descriptivo 
catalogue of the entire collection has been prepared. 

“Six copper coins found at Saranghpur in the State of Ilewaa (Junior) 
were presented by the Dcwwn to 11 is Highness the Raja of Dew as. 

“ Work in connection with the preparation of the Old Bombay Room 
prOgrescd satisfactorily but owing to the delay in tho 

om * omba * Rwn - delivery of the full number of photographs of Old 
Bombay by Mr. Ciaridge, the room remains closed to the public. Nearly half 
the number of photographs has bean received, and thrae are now framed and 
hung up on the walls. 

“ Tho two Relief maps of the island of Bombay in 1000 and 1914, respect- 
ively, have bees completed and the models pl"«d in the new ease* pienared for 
them. A large scale map of the town and island of Bombay lias also been 
framed and put up in position. 

“ Tho Continued »ner was pleased, on my reoommondation, to sanction tho 
purchase of a set of forty-five phot. graphs of tho Governors of Bombay begin- 
ning from Humphrey Cook to His Excellency Lord Sydenham. Tho photo- 
graphs will bo purchased from Man Bourne and Shephard, who have also 
undertaken to frame these in a suitable manner. Tho 0*4 will be 1U. IM. 

“ A short descriptive account of tho history of Bombay is in omrso of 
preparation.’’ 

To the Bijapur Museum, of which I am Secretary and Honorary Curator, 

were added one old Persian prayer carpet from tho 
Jami jiagjjj an d one old stone dumbell presented 
by tho Jaginlar of Anna Hosur. 

Tho Secretary, Barton Museum. Bhavnagnr. and the Victoria Hall 

Public Library and Museum, Udaipur, report of uo 

Bti«vn.*»r. i; Jaipur. now acquisitions for their mavnrra. 

The Curator. Watson Museum of Antiquities. Rajkot, has sent mo tho 
Rajxoi. following list of acquisitions made for lus museum 

(1) Some <20 Kstafawp* <*xo. (fflw) of pro*'* of which «eof Dama-na, eon of 

Bodnara*. on be clearly made oot and ha. the ywar ISC co U 

( 2 ) 50 Bilrcr coin* of King KaraarnripU M.hcwd«dily*. 

v * . m . n «I « n V.’.,t a a < - 



(3) 35 fladhiya « 



Mrck. Political Agent, Gchilwnd. 



Inscription Slab*. 



ft) A memorial «on B dag out froa 
dated 160C V. S, recording the drat h 
Poriandar SWt. 

(2) A photograph of an mwrip«km 
V. 8. 1193 in the temple of Vmayaka cea 



death of a gadhari. 



Gxtt. focr koa 



t> Poebundar. haring on it an inscription, 
II wm presented by the Administrator, 

Ahniedatnd and a rubbing of mo dated 
i from Dhraagadhra. 




The Superintendent, R-tjputana Museum, Ajmer, reports to me that the 

following acquisitions were made for his museum 
Aimat - during the year 1013-14. 



Bo, ana inscription of the Urn. cl the Yaia- prinoe, V.jay* or Vijayapala II ii dated 8am 
1100 (A D. 1043). 

Images and Sculpture*. 

An image of IlovacU. 

A port of a eealpinre repreiecUng a female plating cn Vina. 

A Sou pillar. 

Oold Coins 

Praia p<Ui» Rata of Vijaynagar. 

Vcnitian Darat 



Silver. 



Mahakuhatrapa Kodraaena I. aoa 
Do. Rodiaaimha I, 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. Dtardalte. 

Do Radmerna II. 

Katiatrajo Yaeodaman. 

Do. Viaramaha, 

Do. Viataaera, 
MaKakaiii>txu|.% Hh.rtr-h.aiaa, 
Do. lHiunJadaeri, 

Da Vijaymna. 

Kahatreja Virudaman, 

Da ItudruinH*. 

Do. Vijayweena, 

Do. Bhartridanma, 

Da Yaewlamao, 

Mahak aim tr a)» St ami 
Kshatapa DuwajwUan II, 
Muhammad Shah. 



Rudraaiiulia I 



Kahalnia Virwdaman 
rap 
II 

nan 

II 



III. .oaof kUh. 



do. II. 

K*atra|u Iladiwmnha II. 

Stand Kuilra Daman II. 



Akhar. 

Aurangatk. 

Shah Alan. IL 
Alamgir II. 

Muhammad 8hah I of Oajarat. 

Murfar Shah II and one of the Tipa Saltaa 



Copper Coin*. 

Mahammad Shah II of Malwa. 

Mahmud Shah II (Bramhaai). 

Ahmad Shah II ( da ). 

Hu may on Shah ( do )- 
Kat, mullah ( do. ). 

Inscription* Copied. 

A {pigmentary inscription of the time of Gahila ji-.net, Bhartn or Bharttibhat II of Mewar* 
ll it dated Sam. 1C00 (A. D. 943). 

A fr.igm.nl.ry inspection of the lime of the Oahil* prints. Am ha l'racad, the ton of Sakti 
Knmara of lie war. 

A fragmentary inacripta® of the lime of the Gnhila jrmor, Karaiahaoa. 

An inscription of the time of the Yadan. prince, S»h»n»j*U of Karaali. Ii is engr.red on the 
pedartal of an image which ia broken off. It * dated Samtal 1240 (A D- 1 183>. 



B 2ll»-a 




30 



Portraits ol 



Maharajft Madhcairgji of Kotnh- 
Do. Kiahoramgji do. 

Do. Mnknndaitgji do. 

Jhala Jhalim.ingji, MinhUr of Kotih. 
Mahararal Oac g adaaji of Danger;*?. 
Do. Askarauji of do. 

Do. Poaojaji of do. 

Maharaja Kuhanarngji of KUkangarh. 
Do. Coj-alainghji of KamL 

Do. M»uikj*lji of do. 

Do. Harankojialji of do. 

Nawab Am Irak (mo of Took 
Hao Bikoji of Bikaner. 

Raja Raiainghji of Bikaner. 

Raja Karat ninghji of Bikaner. 

Maharaja Anopa-nghjl do. 
Rajkumar Padamainghji do. 
Maharaja Jawantsiighji of JuJhj.w. 
Do Oajaainghji of do. 
Ajibiinghji of do. 
Ramaiighji of do. 
Vijaysioghji of do. 
Manaiogtiji of do. 
Abbayaioghji of d® 
of do. 
of do. 



Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

R»o Jodhaji 

Do. Siyaji. 



Do. Raoumalji of do. 

Do. Malderji of do. 

Motaraja Udayainghj. of do. 

Maharaja Bakhuiugt.ji of d* 

Rather Durgadaaji of Manrar. 

Singh) Iivlrarajui of JodbpW. 

The Curator of the BnluvInrUrnii Museum. .Tunnpnrh. informed me t lint 

no ». n nn|iuutiuns were made for that museum during 
the last vi nr. 



Junagarb. 



The following 

Poona. 



the last of Coins. A'., iweivel for the Archieological 
Mus, uni. I’l-nn, during the jear 1013-14. 

Received as presents— 

Oold Coins. 



1 of Mara! lit bin SaK-n.) - 

1 VvniUan Ducat. j ' 



at Dvpoh is the 



ri D-driot 



1 of Sri Pratai-adararaya of V.jayanagar found in the Soathwrn Miratiu Country. 



of Muhammad TughU, 
of Kin* III. 
of Muhammad bin M 



) 



14th king <4 Malwa. 



1 

l of Khalifa, found at Thiruc’j Uv-abiH-n. Tinn -rally Di- 
1 South Indian gold faoam, found at Akkad-alhal Dona, CuJJa;® District. 



found at Jabalpnr. 



Stiver Coins. 



Found at 



t'~ 



• Pound in tk« Southern Marathi Country 



1 of Anrangab. ! 

6 Lanins. 

1 Tipu Silltno. ) 

1 of branch East India Comi*y. ) 

3 Coins found m the Bi*ti D.'tr.ct. United Provinces. 

9 Do. Mirtapar D.Hnct, United Prorincu. 

I Do. Mcmdalud DiaUut< do 



Dirtrict. 




31 



2 Coins found in the Sitapur District, Dm ted PrOTincea- 

2 Do R- Bireli Dirtrict, do 

5 Do. Hardin D -strict. do. 

1 Do. Aligarh District, do. 

1 Do Mcridibtd District. do. 

7 Coin* of Albir, found U Vskod Digir J.mn-.r Taluks Hast Kbandeib District 
1 Coin found in the MocvDbvl Dirtnet. United Pwrinw*. 

1 Do. Bit. Bioki Dutrict, do. 

3 Do. Dm Bareli District. do. 

2 Do. Meerut District. do 

3 Do. Alhhsbtd Diatrict, do. 



i 

1 

l 



Roman l*en\roi of Aagaatue, found at Ktthugtanj Owmbtwr.* Di Ariel, Maim* 
Do Tiberius found at K»iL»r 0 'iunr Coimbstoce D strict, Madras. 
Coin of Naur blub of llthn. 



Billon Coins. 

7 Coin, found in the Sulttopar D-tnet, Unikd PwrinOM 



11 


Do. 


Jalam Diatrict, 


do 


1 


1*0. 


Has Bareli D-trict. 


do. 


* 


Do. 


Sultan par District, 


do 


2 


Do. 


Has IWi Diatnea, 


do. 



C^fper Colo. 

23 Coins found in the ShDijub-aj^r DM* UtuMd I'nmncw 
2 Do. Kuh District, do. 

7 Do. of Bahmam K.ag. of GslUrga as below 

I (no dots) of AkmoiShnb II. 

I ( do. ) of llam»tan Shah. 

1 ( do . ) 

1 of Mah Dil l Shah 11 (dsts doabtfal) 

1 no name of King 
1 (nod.tr) of Kotiiaall*. 

2 Do. found in tbs Jilanpor District, Unitod Piorinces. 




4 Andhra coins found >n lb* Anantpor District, Madras. 

Article* purchased and presented by the Diredor General of Arcincjloxy 
in India — 

2 Old Bnu. 

1 Coort of llama. 




32 



APPENDIX H. 

Treasure Trove. 

Regarding the old ojins acquired by the Government of Bombay under 
the Treasure Trove Act, VI of 1878 and forwarded for examination and 
distribution to the Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, the Honorary 
Secretary of that institution has favoured me with a printed copy of the 
Society’s Report for the year 1913. and in it it is stated that there were 905 coins 
under examination at the end of the last year and 386 were received during 
the year under report. The latter included 6 gold, 1 gold ear-ring and 5 
silver from the Mamlatdar of Shirpur, West Khandeah; 24 silver and 1 copper 
from the Mamlatdar, Halo!, Panch Mahal ; 29 silver from the Collector of 
East Khundenh ; 1 gold from the Collector ot Ahmednagar ; 8 silver and 
2 copper from the Collector of Larkhana ; 1 silver from the Mamlatdar of 
Chiplun ; 1 silver and 4 copper from the Collector of Kaira and 113 from the 
Akkalkot State. Of these, OlHl (905 under examination of last year and 1 gold 
from the Collector ot Ahmednagur received in 1913) were examined and 
reported to Government. They were examined for the Society by Mr. F. J. 
Thnnnwnla and Prof. 8. R. Bhnudarkar. 215 from llajol. 12 from Shripur, 6 
from Kaira anil 113 from Akkalkot arc under exaininition. 29 from Hast 
Khandi'sh, were son t to the Mint for dismal aud one fn.ni Chiplum and 10 from 
Ijuklwwm were ruturneJ ns they wore found to posatN* no historical and 
numismatic importance. 16 silver and 2S eipner reoeived from the Collector of 
Nosik in 1912 were also returned as they were without numismatic value. 

The selected coins were diaributed among the following institutions and 
the balance after distribution forwarded to the Mint Master for sale. 



The Prince of W.lcu Museum of Wntm I 
The I ivliut i Mm.au, Csbmtta 
The Ma-lnu Mi. -urn 
The IWiueml Museum. bukknow 
The I «bo*« Museum 
The Nagpur Mawam 
The Publie l-.hn.rT. Shillong 
The Arebaoloipcul Mu- mu. 

Tlie Pi-huvrur Museum 

The Ouetla Museum 

The Ajmer Mueenm 

The lUjmitniia Mo "Sum 

The A ■in If SoeieVr. Bmgul 

The Bomtnj Urasrh Rejil AsuUf .Society 

The BriUab Mu*-utn 

The Kil'.willira Muboubi, Cambridg* 

For talc b( Mmt 



Total 



| o#u 


Mf*r 


Total. 


2M 


28 


M 


H 


24 


88 


11 


20 


SI 


8 




26 


• M, “ 


16 


23 


• •• • 




20 




16 


20 


• M » 


« m 


18 


3 


1ft 


18 


' 2 


14 


16 


2 


14 


16 


» 


]A 


16 


• •• w 


14 


16 


• •• • 




16 




1ft 


1ft 


2 


IS 


16 


31 « 


ftlft 


646 


127 


779 


1X85 



While excavating the earth in the Galagruth temple at Pattadkal, Taluka 
Badami of the Bijapur District, a treasure was found 
on the 25th day of November 1912. It consisted of 
15 pieces of gold of the approximate value of Ra. 27-10-0. In the absence of 
any information regarding the gold pk<vs dug out. it is difficult to say nnvtbing 
about their numismatic value. ’ • 

Shenu v.dad Vashya Blul of Hivarkhed Budruk, Jamner Taluka while 
lisrt Khandcib excavating foundation in the building site found n 

treasure, on the 21st day of April 1913 consisting of 
101 Chaudvadi rupees, and some other silver ornaments. The l bandvadi 
rupees are found in nw.ny places and have no special numismatic interest. 

In th.' forest land situated at the village of Vadgaon. Taluka Khed. Poona 
Popn, District, one >hankar laxiian Bavle found a treasure 

.•onsisting of 7 gold ojins, r<r, ‘•Hon" (whole) 
impressed upon; 10 gold small coins and 1 piece of a “ Hon.” These I hope 
will prove of some interest. 



APPENDIX K. 



Protected Monuments. 

Hie undermentioned monume nt* in the Ko?aln District were declared 
" Protected ” and c infirm -I as such hr Government Resolutions, General 
Department, Noe. 0117 of 20th Augint'and nstU of the 3rd Decemlier 1913, 
respectively. 



PUte wUn* »W nmtwti 


Xiar m lie* c4 tnnM 


Clyt 


nuu 


T**B**Tdhg*. 


1 


Karjat ...1 

Do 
Do 

Do. 

“S* ::J 


AniUwli 

Path 

Do. 

Alilag 

K«dai 


\ C*rm ••• 

Ci»t 

Koctfi Fcrt With into *ui* 8 jhJ one 

ffln. 

Tar. nrar laal 
Drake*. <*1 
OM Fort 


U (a). 

aH 

in. 

nr. 


In the Ahracdnagir.' District the andnrmonthnad inotiumeut hits Uiton 
declared ••Protected" by Government Revolution, General Department, No. 4001 
of 7th -lt.lv 1918. 


HU« wWr. O- m .an me if 

MMaatol. 


*•" * Wd^a. ef ant*.. 


CWaw 


Taluk a. , Tuva at V tIUs*. 






Nagnr 


Within It. 

Iim.fi of the 
A hfim Inagar 
Cantonment. 


Damn Maajd 


' M*). 


The following mouuwentn nt Paftadkal -n ihe Bndami Taluko of tho 
llijnpur District have Ih.*ui declin'd “ Pro* *r -■ " as per Government Keflolu- 
tion, General Department. No. HlJd, dated 24* h June 1013. 


Hlata «h«lh. ■».-.! r mt 
lailtmtoL 


X.m* I«b-tV>« «* •' "-mmf. 


Cm. 



Talu'.a. Tiwi at VilUj*. 



Hndami ... Pattodkal 

Do. ...' Do. 

Do. ... Do. 

l>o. ... Do. 

Do. ... Do. 

Do ...I Do. 

Do ... Do. 

Do. ... Do. 

Do. J Do. 

Do. * Do. 



... Tli* gim t tnnptv of Vinpakiha in a* 
... The of Fkianu *t the 

corner cFthe rdW. 



Tillage 

n» temple of Sangamwran to the north of' II (o) 
Virniakaha'a 

Th. tempi, ti Mail ksrjotn <*)•» lo and at the Do. 
nurth-nert ron*r of Viri|ak,loi*t. 

Ka -hi«i*Te*Tam trxple clou- betide and on the Do. 
north «<!• of UaEtkwjnaa'n. 

Oalgioath tempi* on th- a<*lh c£ Sangamwvara Do. 



on the <rf Ga'gnnafh Do. 



temple Vi the D.nL c t the la*t Do. 
on the • ‘ntt.de cS thc> north wall of 






the linage. 



inclaJfd m the M 



abort 1 of a mil* froa the Tillage on the wertl 



Do. 



\= a. 

tho west. 



on the moth aide of the road leading Do. 



to Badami abcot a mile 



R SUB— 9 





34 




Tn supersession of Government Notification No. 1238, dated the 4th March 
1909 and so much of Government Notification No. 2704-A, dated the 26th May 
1909 as relates to Thar and Tartar, by Government Resolution No. 6210 
of the 23rd August 1913, General Department, the undermentioned monuments 
in the Thar and Tarkar District have been declared “ Protected” and confirmed 
as such by Government Resdution No. 3511, General Department, dated 5th 
May 1914. 



Ptwa *han the 

• •• • 






n«. 



Bv Government Resolution No 8736. Gen**ral Department, dated the 2nd 
December 1913, the undermentioned monuments in the Kolaba District liavo 
been declared "Protected" and cmfirmed as such by Government Resolution 
No. 2316 of 24th March 1914, General Department. 



II («>• 



Agreement*. 



The Collector of Surat, reported in his letter No. Mis. 147, dated the 17th 
014 Engibh anj i)«uh May 1913 that of the three marginally noted 
tombs, Surat cuy. . monuments Nos. 1 and 2 arc in charge of the Church 

ow American tomb.. Trustees, Surat, and No. 3 of the Executive Engineer, 
Sur • , • and arc maintained at Government expense and 

*°“ b •* IM “ B - therefore no further action is necessary. 



The Collector, Sholapnr, informed this office in his letter No. 4105 of 15th 
T|w old Fort Sboiapiar. August 1913 that he had executed agreements 
ow temple and > i»»xai« or with the owners of the Marginally noted mouuments 
lured rtone* and old £„ his district, as authorised by Government Rcsolu- 
e shrined tempi.. Vela- ^ No _ ?ak} of gth 1913> 



AHWg 










35 



The Collector of Hyderabad. Sind, informs this office in his letter No. 4135 

of the 10th June 1913 that he has secured agreement* 

Hyderabad. 

BuddhM Stupa. DauUip-r. in the case of the marginaUy noted monuments 
Tomb of Nur Muhunm.d 

Kaiho.a D-u..«pur. declared " Protected” in his district. 

In the caa.* of the marginally noted monuments at Tatta, Karachi 



Jam) Ma«|td. 

Jam Maamud-Dbl'a 
Baradarl. 

Nawab Amir Khalil khan'* 
tomb. 

Nawab l>a Khan’, tomb. 
Nawab Sharfa Khan', tomb. 
T ughral Bag’* tomb. 

Mir*a Jaml Bag'a tomb. 
Nawab l«a Khan*, Zanaaa 
lamb. 

Mk/i Ita Khao rt tomb. 



lim>i District, already declared "Protected,” the Collector in 
than’* his letter No. 5141 of 9th August 1913 reported to 
’ b . this office that the owners of these monuments have 

(oniv • 

■b. executed agreements in accordance with Section 3 of 



the Ancieut Monuments Pieservation Ad. 



The Collector of Dhnrwar, in his letter No. 3818 of 6- 8th Deoomber 1913, 
favoured me with a list of U»e below mentioned monuments, w ith the owner* 
of which agreements hare been executed in the prescribed form : — 

CWiramauliaTan Irmpfe at UakaL 

Tcmpka d BxuaoUnud Swnk.ral «*. Amargol 

T.inpU ot Baaraaaa at Tambar. 

Tempi, of Some.rar. at HaraUullu 
T.mplo of <;alacr.Tari at Cialagnatb 



Temple uf Siddhraran. Harrti 

Tempi. of Tar.kr.raja ) 

I lid Jain tempi. is fmi f at Ih.nl 

Old ruined tempi. brtw.ru Um V<*i amt tank ) 

Temple. d KaUoi^.mr. and Ramrarar. U BalamW 
Tempi. of Sarromt* at Natrg.1 
T.ixipU of Kadimbaarar. at KatnbaUi. 

Tran Jt*. of Sounli mrl *«..«. at liadau 

Tempi's of Kaairianarara. NannmTara. Nag ...alb, Maidkm.ara. Kumbhargiri. ihr Jain 
BMi and Vukm Hhar, at Ukkun* 

Temple of Amritaarara^al Annifftri 
T.mpl. of MukUarar* at CWv&apor 

The Collector of Kanara reports that the owners of the marginally noted 
iirv.tf baa monuments at Bhstkal have executed agreements 
r n ' P« r bi ‘ Vo - °‘ 7 Mb February 1911 to the 

D.va.iiun address of the Commissioner, and further informs that 

Nara.Mha Ocvawhan in the case of the following monuments, . vit. 
Raghunatb DbraJtkaa. Buropean graves 6 miles from Karwar across the 

Para*vnain H.Vti. Kaliuadi, at Chitkule; inscriptions in tho Madhn- 

Santc.vara Ba.tl kesvam temple at Banavasi ; King's (stone) Scat at 

mSSIiu"** ° eV B ' , “ Sonda ; y«*.and inscription stones at Mirjui; carved 

stones near the temple of Gramdeva at n«»ur; insorip- 
tiuns at. the temple of Markandesvara at Bailur aud at Bhatkal, no agreement 
is required as these monuments are ownerless. 

By Govt. Hes. No. 3045. General Dept., of the 10th May 1913 the Collector 
of Nasik was authorized to execute agreements in the case of monuments 



SintatpaNayak Tbu 
DavaMlun 

NarM Mu Itevaethan. 
Raghunatb Itevatlkai 
Paru-vn.tn Ba.«L 
Santeoara Ba«tl 
CtMiHlraiMth De» 
lladvalh 



(1) Gondeswar temple of Mahadev at'Sinnar ; 

(2) Temple of Ayosnwar at Sinner; 



Cares at Aukai, Taluka Took ; and 

The Hemadpanti temple of Mahadev at Jbodga, Taluka Malegaon, 
and the action taken by him was approved as per Government 
Resolution No. 455 of 19th January 1914. 



The Ollector of Broach jn his letter No. 2932 of the 6th September 
1913 reported to Government that, an agreement had been executed with the 
manager of the Junta Masjid, Broach, and his action was approved by Govern- 
ment as per Government Resolution, General Department, No. 7371 of the 
14th October 1913. 




S6 

APPENDIX L. 

Statement of Expenditure on Coniercatirm Workt carried out in the Bombay Pietidaf 

during the year 1913-1914. 

Northern Division 

















37 



Northern Division— continued. 




Central Division. 


















Southern Division — 




Indus 




iff iff 














41 



APPENDIX M. 



A Report on Conservation Works carried out in Central India. 



The following list of conservation work carried out at Mandu in the 
Dhar State, during the year 1913-14 was received both from 
the Political Agent, Bhopawar and the Slat*- Engineer, Dhar. 






!■!•( or. Gcmijilrtfll. 



1 1) BnJi ■{ the nwiig |«IUr in 

(4- c«.U* niut tbr f.*r 



1 2) Cat 4e*. Ik* Its*. fr<ni tU 



X»; aintSK. a*,-!* erf 

N !■..,!« 

(2) In Ik* MOtk «kkntn tkr floor 






(4) Rpj»'irO and u*> "»Wr- 
t ' eh I tkr irinsl <pu>* erf 



( S) Uwl™»ot 
in tkr wall. 
(9) MM up th. 



Ike mnil h -»i- 



M W M 



Brtootwl 'Irj' m 



fnm. thn 
■Cl l''W"T 



(1) Bull up top of 



in 






***yr* ID roatfh nibble imp. 
(2) CWM-i the flocking id 



(4) Co»p^i th* ajyptr half of 



B 211*— 11 











42 




•1 * new >Wl for 
n htlf of the o.lomn in 

■p^a pirr^iiDd ■np|orl«d 



rtone lintel* 



Tower of Victor)’ 



0 0 | 503 a 7 (1) portion of the towrr 

on we.twith a«M*r maaonrr. 

<S> KrtnorrJ drbria on 8K. *iic 
of I tie for. 

(8) Made U* Bimn water-tight 
ail rvcixl tU liuJdmg. 



Dharmulnla < 



»1k, MtfKhi*. 400 0 0 

M.w|0« 



Lot Xfi«jid 





In connoction with tin* work of repair* to the monuments at Mandu in the 

Mamlu Dhar 8, ' u '** •* »* * matter of pie-wire to note that the 

work i> being carnal out r«ry carefully and judiciously 
under the aupcrvision of Mr. E. K. Agn. Stole Engineer. Mr. K. It. Dcshpnnde, 
Overseer, Mandu. who i * in direct charge .-f the work is deserving of much 
credit for the quality of work carried out during tin* last 3 year* and half. 

The Political Agent. Highelkhniil. favoured me with the following note 
nnchci.iunJ. furri'hcd to him by the How ah Durbar upon tho 

Ou'orratiou of ancient monuments enrrird out during 

tho year 1018-14. 

"The temple* nt Amarknntnk and tho inscriptions nt Pi wan and Allaghat 
wore visited by un overseer and the buildings at Chnndrch wore iiujH'ebxl by 
the Stato Engineer. 

" Ckandreh ft h iidi ng $. — There has l«e«m no further d image cith* r to the 
temple or to the other building adjoining it. No attempt was made to clear 
the building of the Vegetation as th rmt stumps intertwine the stonas and any 
disturbance is likely to bringdown ports of it 

" jII AmnrkatUak. The i> stituti-ui of tho Mela ensures the clearing and 
protection of the existing temple annually. There Ins Inen no further damage 
to any of the temples. 

" riic-n In«cripl'ONi. Nothing as done on the lx>x covering it nor is 
anything required to bo done. The lock was f .und open .ut the lid was in- 
tact and there was no damage to the inscription. 

" Jllnyhat.- The corruga’ed iron sheet Orer the inscription lets been blown 
away. The wood work wns found to be rotten. Arrangements are being made 
to substitute a shed cv, listing entirely of iron work. Thi-. w <rk will l>e taken 
up during the year 1911-15. The repai s io the tempi-' of Maharani Ahilva 
Dai of Indore situated at Amark.mtka will also be taken during the 
year 1914-15. The c*«t will be borne by the Indore D rhar." 

The Resident. Indore* repor;ed that the Indorj Durbar, during the 

year 1913-14, lepairvd the sides of the main passage 

,n ** r ' t> the monolithic tempi.- of Dharmanttlnsvaia, and 

tfie steps to the caves with some petty patch work at a cost, of Ks. 542-2-3. 




The Political Agent, Bhopal reports that mme repairs were carried out to 
the famous ancient Buddhist Stupa at Sanchi under 
B op * s the instructions and supervision of the Director- 

General of Archasology in India. 

The Political Agent, Malwa, Ac-much, reports that no expenditure on 

conservation of ancient monuments was incurred in 
* WJ * Main * daring the year 1913-14. 



APPENDIX K. 

A Report on Conservation Work* in kajputana. 

The returns of expenditure on conservation of ancient monuments during 
.. . i .. the last official year received from the marginally noted 

KarauU.' Ai-ar. Jodhpur. m‘ s tftt» % -re blauk. It is also stated i the same return 

tbal th - old Chlu.ttri.of the former Rajas tuid the 
P ‘ tempi* « nt Chandtavati received as usual Ute attention 

of the Kotah and Jhalawar Lurhnra n-spectircly. 

In the Meirar State the following old forts, nt ., Shitorgnrh mud Ku tm lgl lh 
receiver attention of the Udaipur Dmtar. The temple of Minin l»ai in the 
Ohitorgarh fort and the door of the valley of Chirwa wen- nlao rc|«iiml by the 
Maliarana or Udaipur. 

it is farther reported that in the Bhnratpur State some g««l work of 
repairs has Ihh-ji carried out to Chamosf KhauiUv at Kaman, Jld Mnsjid at 
Bmmh.id ami old palace al Kuplins. The following, ei.-., Great Mosque nt 
8ikailderabad Bnynn Gumbnx, Jhalin Bauri, minai in fort and tin- juilao.' all 
nt Bayan— received the full attention of thuBbaraipur Durbar. A omsorvntion 
not** for these work" wn* supplied to th«- Stale by the Director-General of 
Are haN .logy in India. No details of repairs an* noted in the rc|H>rt under 
reference. ' As the province, hn*. however, now been retransferred to this Circle, 
it is hoped to visit it in the next touring soawm with a view to swing "hat 
has actually been undertaken aud what vet requires to be done, to put the 
buildings in n satisfactory condition. 




45 



APPENDIX O. 

Statement showing the Expenditure incurred on the Conservation of ancient 
monuments in H. H. the Steam's Dominions during the year 1322 Fasli. 

[6th October 1912 to 5th October 1913.) 



N— •# IUHrWt. 



»f W .fk 




Ktj.mil 4a r» dart^ 
18 fS fmti 1GU 



Mrdbnk ... Itr|aiii« to rk*)m 



Oallmiyit ... Rojmiia U> 

king. 



1U. ». r. 
186 1 4 



...| l*ny of rarxtftkcr* lor 
oocwnt king. 



MOO 



Emergrnt mWn to 

UxIm 



... KxcnmUng an nndrrgroana JW 0 0 
BaildinK 






Mkbnl. 



44 1 6 



'Ml. (CU \ 
mis to 5tii 

•t 1818 ). 



Ukuii 



1 U. j. r. 

186 1 4 Oam pi Mod. 



6.629 0 0 4,705 10 9 



96 0 0 



«1 0 0 270 8 0 



tomb of Saltan Ahn-d 225 0 0 I 209 4 0 



44 1 6 



WnmnK.1 ... Bmmim to thoumnd ,nlW. T 8.078 0 0 2,986 19 0 

|J- >1 !l»» Kami. 

„ ... Pma-rring Ku.hi 1UW, W. 1.0M 0 0 1,626 16 0 

i raiitfai 



...! Kopniring K»W Onto m l «? 0 0 666 4 10 

... lUjmninc lUrvWi at Da.UU SWJ 0 0 16.863 9 11 In 



656 4 10 



... R..|H.i.,r h - tli^ M narrt an lb- V«07 0 



123 11 2 ComplMol. 



Spncinl rvpnin to Rlkm . 



611 14 6 




4G 



APPENDIX P. 

Inspection Reports. 



The Executive Engineer. Nosik, sent me a report of his inspection of the 

monuments in his District and for particulars o' their 
condition refers to the conservation notes with which 
ho was supplied by this otlice as the conservation notes in question wore drawn 
up upon his joint inspection with the Assistant Superintendent, Arcbmological 
8urvoy. 

lie informs me that he also visited the temples of Anjancri and regarding 
these slates tluit, since they are all clas sed II (b), which means that these menu* 
incuts are in charge or possession <>f private bodies or individual*, he therefore 
docs not submit the result of liis i> spection of these buildings. 

The Executive Engineer. East Khandrsh. sent m< the following inspection 
Kaw Khaade-k report upon the monument* in his District. 



Psndaws's Wads at Erandid. 



"It was inspected on the 28th February 1914 by me aud found it in fairly 
good condition. An estimate for certain repair* amounting to 1U. 2,023 was 

r DV.il by the Superintendent of Archie- -logical Survey, Western Circ'c. but 
repairs to the extent of funds ( Ra M5 ) allotted ware executed in 1012-13. 
Repairs executed were 8tono preservative solution was applied to carved stone 
work which was fast disintegrating. A Iso stone u*w-nr» nil lam wore constructed 
to supiiort the omeked stones supporting the M chubs iu the wing. Nothing was 
done in 1918-14 for want of fund* An allotment for Its. 1.738 may bo granted 
when funds can he made available to preserve old masonry. Thu Wnda has 
been handed over to the Punch at Erandul far maintenance in 1-»1 2 13, ei'lt 
G. R„ Revenue Department Na 7710 dated, the 10th Autrast 1912, but the 
Funch appointed to take care of the monument are considered |»oor and cannot 
lie expected to do the necessary repair* and heuee the request." 

Changdcva's Temple at Changdev In IMlabad VWU. Taluks BhuMwal 

" It was inspect**! by me on 14th February 1914 It was found in good 
repair state. It was repaired in 1912-13 at u ootf of IU. 7 *8 of which a sum of 
It*. 600 was contributed by the public. Repairs executed wore: Slone presor- 
vative solution was appli.il to carved stone work. Also iron mils and girders 
were given underneath the cmckcd stone slabs supp sting the central Melirab. 
Compound wall of the yard require* some repair*. No funds were granted for 
repair* during 1913-14.” 

The Mahcshvar » Temple al fain* in Ch.li.gaun Taluka. 



“ It was inspected hy me on 26th May 1913. Repairs such as making the 
roof watertight by replacing earth with lime concrete, removin'.' growth of 
jungle in and about the building, stopping further appearance by using Scrub’s 
eradicatnr. strengthening the crumbling stone work b» cement, etc., wore executed 
at a cost of Rs. 393 from the Government of India s grant, ride (J. It. 
No. A- 2889, dated 14th March 1913. 

*■ Further repnire to this temple have been taken in hand ami are in 

S rogrcss. An estimate amounting to R*. 1.203 was submitted for approval to 
le Superintendent of Archaologica! Survey. Western ‘ ircle. A sum of Rs. 288 
was spent in applying stone preserving solution during tbe year under re|»rt. 
This temple was visited by Mr. J. A. Page. Assistant Superintendent, Arcluco- 
logical Survey. Western Circle, accompanied by my Sub-divisional Officer, 
Chalisgaon. on 22nd October last. Tlie work already executed was approved by 
him and the estimate above referred to was in acc udauce with his personal 
instructions on the spot issued to my Sub-divisional Officer." 




47 



The Executive Engineer, Ahmednagar. inspected the monuments in his 

District and favoured me with the following report:-— 

Ahmcdiusar. 

“That the register of Archa-ologicnl buildings has been kept and the 
result, of inspection has been noted therein after the buildings have been 
inspected. During the last year owing to the pres, of work I had no time to 
inspect the buildings which are situated in the District. 1 have, however, 
inspected the two such buildings which are situated at Xngar for which 1 lwg 
to sugge st that — 

Mum Ahm«dUiah-» tomb at Nagar. 

" The touib is situated to the north- west corner of the city and is surround- 
ed by cultivated field* on all sid«s. There is inconvenience therefore in visiting 
the place especially as there an- cn»p» in the fields. The difficulty oan bo 
removal by mean* of a footpath with railing w bicb would oust about Its. 5UU. 
The length of the same is nl>out 2 furlong* Tliis would involve a recurring 
charge of Ha. 15 for it* maintenance. The follow ing ropnii* are badly wanted 
to rewtore the huilding to a better condition : — 

Henewing plain rhunam plaster. 

Restoring architectural cliunam plaster. 



Providing 2 tign-hoanls, etc.' 



" During tho yi-nr under report the dome was plastered and the roof wa* 
n-p-iinMl, the ashlar masonry originally painted with whitewash has lawn clean- 
ed and tho whitewash nlui-et entirely removed. It is liopod to ounpletoly 
remove the whitewash stains wlwm anutlwr grant is roodred. ' 



painted with whitewash has Ikcii ehvin- 



I'air.Ji Ma.JU. 



'■ The terrace roof i* iu good condition. The ashlar masonry ha* Im-cu 
stained with whitewash in th.- |>ast. Tliis whitewash should be removed n* ha* 
boon done in the case of Nizaui Ahmtd»liah‘s tomb. The ohuuam pointing has 
*|s>iled the np|>eanince of the building to *ome extent. Arrangement will bo 
uiiulo to remedy th.- defects if fund* an- -svetiom-d. An approach road and 



sign-board* nn- ne» wary in tliis also." 



Tho following is a re|s>rt submitted by tin Executive Engineer. Burnt, and 
Sural and Brosth. Brunch, upuu arehwologioal w ork* inspected by him 



in the Districts uude. his charge: — 



" (a) The Dutch tonilm at Branch.— Dining year under report, they were 
inspected by the Executive Engineer on th- Vtb iW-mber lOlil. and occasion- 
ally by the Assistant Engineer in charge of tho Sub-division. Tho Superintend- 
ent objected to tho whitewashing of the tomb* and clearing of epitaphs except 
under expert supervision. The former object ionalde a* frequent whitewashing 
is likely to till in the relief decorations. Hi* instructions w.tc followed, and as 
there was po«*il>ility of impraring matter*, the old whitewash coats were 
scraped off. so ns to restore the decorations to a condition a* near to tho original 
as possible. These monuments were aft-rwaul* lightly Colour-washed so a* to 
cover up the old colour patches, the shade usd being what may be dcsciilied as 
light chocolate or maroon. This particular colour was prepared from " Gera ” 
and lamp-black dissolved in glue and water, and after many trials the prepara- 
tion could he brought to the tint which some of the unattended portion* of 
small tombs had attained, under natural climatic conditions. It has toned 
down the work to a natural shade, while on account of its being thin, has at the 
same time preserved the unequal effects of the weather on the different part* of 
the monuments. The outlay incurred daring the year was Ha. 35. 

“ (ft) Jarai Masjid, Bpxieb. — The Masjid was inspected on 4th Deoe- 
mber 1913 by the Executive Engineer, ami occasionally by the Assistant 
Engineer, Broach. It has been declared protected. Lately an agreement 
ha* been made by the Collector. Broach, with the Punch who were 




48 



in charge of the building, and it has been handed over to the P. W. B. 
for its proper cire. However, s>me fakirs yet occupy a portion of the building, 
and the 0 dlectir of Broach is being addressed t » see if its use as a snrai or a 
tnkia can be st ippod. During the year under report, clearing the walls of 
vegetation was enne as a preliminary measure. The plants growing in the 
joints of the masonry were generally small in sire, and they have been Indily 
removed ns far as possible. In two eases, however, they were a li«f>o bigger 
where acid mixture was tried but with little success. It appears tlmt th • trunks 
operated upon, were far too small to be properly treated with acids. The outlay 
incurred was Its. 68. 



“(c) Tombs in the English, Dutch and American Cemeteries. During 
the year under report, these were inspected by the Executive Engineer on 
29th March 1914. and by the Sub-divisional Officer occasionally. Tbev are in 
u satisfactory condition. The foundation of tome of the toml«s require n tention 
and an estimate for the work is under preparation. Meyer's stone c -ment was 
tried but with little success. A broken piece of marble did not remain stuck 
fast. When the cemented piece was touched by hand to asoertuin the adhesive 
power, the piece came out. 

*'(d) Vaut’s tomb at the tnoolh of the river Tnnti at Ilajira ( 8ur.it ). — It 
was inspected by the Executive Engineer on the 8th April 1914, and occasionally 
by the .Sub-divLsi mal Officer. It is in a satisfactory condition. It. is a storeyed 
building, and ns the room on the ground door was found to be used as a g down 
for stores for the light house, such as oil drums, chimneys, etc., by the Ports 
Fund Department, the Assistant Ooileetor. in charge Coast Guard Serrioe, 
Bombay, has benn roa nested to arrange to discontinue sucli use of thn tomb. 
The total outlay on this work during the year was Bs. 25. 

The Executive Engineer. West Khandrah. rejiorts tliat ho inspected the 
old well at Tavlai when it was under repair* in 
February 1912. and found it in good order. 

The following is the report of inspection of the nrchnvdngical monuments 

in Hie Thn on District l»y the Executive Engineer, 

Thane. 

•• Franciscan Church.— All jungle was further removed around the build* 
ing. due to tin* recent heavy monsouu. and in some places an attempt was mado 
to remove certain dangerous n»«t* by mean* of aci«ls with a favourable 
result. 



Woit Kh«nJ< >h. 



M The floor of the nave was further remedied by having a St4«m Roller 
to lie worked in thi« place, and has set advantageously os the monsMins were 
over, only dry rolling was resorted to. but every possible advantage will bo 
taken in the ensuing monsoon to do the needful, as the Steam Holler is located 
at Baasein. 

“ He|ioire to fallen masonry were done in certain plaoim to the portico and 
the north wall of the nave and also to the hock wall of the latter, where the 
statue* originally were kept. 

“ Plastering was made to the top of the main arch in the nave to make 
it water-tight, 

“ St Paul’s Church. — The growth of jungle lias been kept down around 
surroundings. 

“ Masonry filling has been done to the north wall, extending to the top of 
the high wall as well ns in many other places where required. 

" All jambs to doors* and windows were in a very disorderly and fallen 
state and were repaired. 

“The door steps to the main and side entrance were thoroughly repaired. 

•* i he pulpit which was in a very dilapidated condition was strengthened. 

•‘It may In? noted that the end wall of the nave was repaired tj restore 
the portions where the statues were formerly placed. 




“ Church of Niesa Senhora Davids. — Jungle in places was kept down 
around surroundings. The church is in fair condition of preservation, but 
the numerous walls in the nave apparently ejected long after the church was 
constructed and docs not appertain to the church, may be removed and the 
nave kept clear. 

“St. Joseph Cathedral.— Jungle around the building was kept down, 
also the growth inside was removed. Advantage was taken by the Steam 
Holler to dry roll the Door, and means will be effected by further action in Ibis 
matter during the ensuing uionax»n. The front tower is iu a very dilnpidnted 
Condition, and an attempt was made to till in some gaping boles, but the tower 
above requires attention. 

“ Means w ill be taken in future to attend to the small vault at the north 
side adjoining the tower in order to preserve the pointing on the inner dome 
by grouting the vault above. 

" Dominican Church.— The jungle has been 'greatly cleaned within and 
without of the building and the Steam Roller was also utilised for dry rolling 
in the nave, which produced good results. 

" Masonry repairs wen* done to the jambs of the entrances aiul tilling 
of the broken * entrances in many place* to the north wall of the nave was 
completed. The entrances to the tower were thoroughly repaired and gaping 
holes to the adjoining rast corridor were filled in. The entrances to the main 
largo lmll went repaired and a Urge division of the o>rn6r wall* of the wort 
room were raised. with new masonry, to prevent the dangerous portions of the 
walls falling. 

•• Palace of the Captain of Baaacin.— All jungle surrounding the buildings 
were removed outride as well as in tho inside. The tops of arches to the 
cast vamndnli were made watertight and in gaping plaoes musonry was 
tilled in. 

“Temple at Amharnnth.— This is nu old Teinplo and is in n very bad 
state ; a revised .-.timato for its repair is in hand and will In* submitted on 
the line* suggested by the Assistant Superintendent. Archioologieiil Survey, 
W«tem Circle, in his conservation note*, dated 21th April 1013. 

“Motabar Khan** Tomb and Kali Masjid on Shcnala Tank.— This 
building is in a fair condition ; the up-keep i* in hand of the Muhnmmndnn 
community in Kalyan. aud tho work is carrietl out from their private funds. 

“ Caves at Koiulirate. Tlie Caros at Kondivate have been kept in 
fair order, so far a* 'he clearing out of the jungle growth and the accumulated 
debris are oone.-rned. An allotment of It*. 20 «»« grauted and tho work 
of clearing compound, removing jungle growth and jointing iron railing was 
carried out. The cares are on Hills near Kondivate village, on Kurla Vesava 
Road. Tho rock of the caves being soft, it is weathering away badly, of koiiio 
of the caves. 

“Old graves of Chiefs at I ham. - These graves arc in tho compound of 
the English Church, Than*, and are in fair ondition. Tho annual grant 
for repairs is Ha. 10 and the work of clmring compound, repairs to tombs, 
and painting railing was carried out. ' 

“ Caves at. Knnhcri. The work of c uting Rime of the rock in certain 
caves was proposed and the material for the purp :«*.• bought and will be nsed 
this year. 



The Executive Engineer. Sholapur, reported "That during the last 
official year only the Fort at Sholspur was inspected 
par ' by mo and it was found to be in fair order. 

" The vegetation on the walls and bastions requires removal this year as 
it was not removed last year, and an estimate will be sent soon for the 
purpose. 



B 3119— IS 




50 



“ None of the archrrological buildings could be inspected by me during 
the last year, but I hope to inspect them this year. 

The Supei intending Engineer, Indus Left Bank Division, favoured 

me with the following inspection report upon monu- 
meats m his Division : — 

. "(a) Buddhist Stupa nt Mirowkhaa.- It is sitimt.nl at Kaliujo Dam about 
half a mile to the north of Mirpurkhas. It was found buried under an 
earthen mound by the Superintendent. Areh.eologicnl Survey, Western Circle, 
in January 1910. The Stupa was inspected by Rao Bahadur V. X. I'nrulokar, 
Executive Engineer, on 22nd November 1913 and 10th January 1914 and 
found to be in good condition. During the year under report an expenditure 
of Its. 47 was incurred in repairing the Stupa and of Its. 122 in entertain- 
ing caretaker. 

" An estimate amounting to Its. 195 for repairs to and caretaker for 
the Stupa for the year 1914-15 against R*. 190 provided in the detailed 
schedule of requirements is herewith submitted for favour of disposul. As the 
living nt Mirpurkhas ha* become too dear, it is diflicult to get a responsible Cho- 
kidnr at Its. 10. Hence provision of a Caretaker nt Its. 11 per mensem has 
been made in the estimate. During the year under report a Landhi for the 
caretaker wns also built at a coat of Us. 900. 

"(b) Jain Temple at Gori.— It is situated 14 miles north-west from 
Virnwah an^ 27 due west of Haro, Nagnr Tnrkar Taluka. A Jain temple 
about 150 feet by 50 feet built of marble. It was built in Hnuivnt 1432 
( A. I). 1375-70). It was inspected by Mr. Moujinim Sharnia. the Sub- 
divisional Otlioer on 14th February 1914, and found to he in the swno oondition 
as before. Ail estimate amounting to R*. 7l)0 was sanctioned for s|M<cial 
repair* to the temple and an allotment of R«. 400 granted under the G. R. 
No. A-9649, dated 24th September 1913, but no renin* w ore carried out and 
the allotment was surrendered under this office No. 020. dated 5th February 1914 
as the Jain community of Nagnr I'nrknr bad objected to its repair* pending 
the decision of the Commissioner in ?*ind on the subject. 

"(c) Jain Temples at BhodcttBr These arc situated 4 mile* N.N.W. 
from Nagnr Tnrkar. The date of erection is not known. Three wen* inspected 
by Mr. Moujinim Shnrma, the Sub-di visional Officer, on 18th February 1914 nud 
found to Is* in the ame condition a* before. An estimate nmountingto 
Rs. 75 for n>|*ur« to temple No. 1 wa* mnrtiunrd and allotment of Bn. 75 
granted under G. It. No. A-9049, dated 24th September 1913, but it was 
surrendered under No. 5741, dated 24th October 1913 and repairs not carried 
out as desired by the Superintendent, Archmological Survey, in his No. 4H7, 
dated 18th May 1913 owing to the Government right to ownership of the 
temple being disputed by the Jain community. 

"(d) Temple at Virawah. A Jain temple, which is situated at Virawah 
in the latitude 24°. 31' north and longitude 7*1°. 15' east. It is said to have 
been founded in A. I). 45ft by J.wu Tamtam of Banner. It. was inspected 
by Mr. Moujimm Sharmn, the Sub-divisional Officer, on 15th February 1914 
and found to be in the mine condition a* before. This temple is not eon- 
sideml worthwhile conserving by the Superintendent, Archaologicul Survey, 
Western Circle, ride his No. C-'«2, dated 22nd August 1912, no repairs were 
carried out to the temple during the year under report and none arc pmpused 
for the present year. 

" (e) A Stone Mosque with white marble pillars at B bod osar.— It is 
situated 4 miles north-west from Nagnr Parkar and according to the Arabic 
inscription on the building it was built by Aladin in A. D. 141ft under ihc 
orders of Mohamad fbah. The mosque was inspected by Mr. Moujirain 
Sharma, the Sub-divisional Officer, on 19th February 1914 and found damaged 
by the heavy rains of September 1913. 

" The repairs have since been carried out to the mosque to the value of 
Rs. 74 during the year under report against the estimate of Rs. 75. An 
estimate amounting to Bs. 70 for repairs, proposed to carried out during 
the year 1914-15 is herewith submitted for favour of disposal. 




51 



" (/) For at Naokot in Mithi Taluka.— This fort was declared to be a 
protected monument. Claw II ( a ) under the provisions of 8ecdon 3 ( 2 ) of 
the Ancient Monuments Preservation Act No. VII of 190* under Government 
Notification No. 7444-A. dated 5th November 1912. An estimate amounting 
to Ra. 279 Tor repairs to the fort was sanctioned and allotment < of Its. 279 

S uted fur expenditure late daring the year, but as the Official year was 
wing to a clew repairs to the extent of Its 72 could only be carried 
during the year and the balance. Its 2-<7, for which estimate is attached will be 
•pent during the year 11)14- 15 iu putting up rain water spout6 to the rampart 
and repairing masonry of bricks for the fort pillars. The work is in progress. 
The fort was inspected by Mr. Moujiram Sharuta, the Suit-divisional Officer, 
on 27th No Vend ter 1913 ami found to bo in gouu condition. 

*' ((,) Mosque at Chotiari.— It is atuaUd 14 miles east from Sanghnr:— 
A moS4|ue about 30 feet by 15 feet of brick about tin- mine age as the last. 

“ An estimate amounting to Ba. 193 for special repair* wim sanctioned 
but the work was ulrcady carried from the contribution received from the 
owner and the albttment of Its. 193 granted under G. R. No. A-9649, dated 21st 
September 1913 was surrendered under this office No 5741. dated 24th 
October 1913. 

"The mosque was inspected by Rno Bahadur V. N Panilekar. Executive 
Engineer, on 19th February 1914 ami found to be in good condition. 

"A statement showing expenditure incurred during the •Fear 1913-14 
on conservation and restoration, etc., of certain archmological buildings in the 
Eastern Kara District is attach.d. 

•• (A) Experiment with the cnmpcaition called Meyer's Stone Cement,— 
No experiment of Meyer's Stone Cement wn* made during the year under 
report The place selected for making an experiment, rir„ Join temple of 
Gori is very favourable for conducting the experiment, but unfortunately the 
repairs luul to !-• p« htp-.ned nnd allotment surrendered ns stated above in pam 2 . 
This dism.es of Hupcnn tending Engineer. Indus Istt Bank Division's No. U91. 
dated 29th March 1914. 




APPENDIX R. 



Regarding the use of a mixture of sulphuric and nitric acids for destroying 
stumps growing in the masonry of old done structures, I have received the 
following reports : — 

The Executive Bngineer. Eastern Kara L'istrict, Sind, rejiortod that “ The 
necessary experiment was made on the 1st June 1**13 after cutting a Khahar 
tree standing on the platform of the Hhodtsar temple. The tree was about 
2J' in diameter. A hole 1}' in diameter was drilled into by means of an auger 
to a depth of l'-3", and the two acids, nitric and sulphuric, were poured into the 
hole which was plugged tightly on the evening of the 1st May 1913. The 

B r was removed on the 23rd May 1913 and the hole found empty. On 
her inspection it was found that the acids had eaten a little portion of tho 
stump downwards when they met with a stone round which the tree appears 
to have been grown. The acids hare caused no further decay in the dump 
which is as strong as it was on the clay tho experiment was commenced. 

" As it would appear the acids have been wasted on the stone inside tho 
stump, another experiment will he made if considered necessary. ' 

The same Executive Engineer again reported that *‘ The place was again 
visited on the evening of the Wth September 1913 and it was found that tho 
stump lmd not rotted ns expected but was as strong and green as before. The 
plugs over the hole iu which the adds were put wen* very tight and on 
opening thorn it was found that the hides were made a little deeper but there 
was no sign of decay. Insides the hole* a paste like substance waa found. 



“ It nppears that adds cannot have 

latter itself is acidic." 



any effect on a Khahar tree ns tho 



The Superintending Engineer, Southern Division, forwardid me the fol- 
lowing report submitted to him by the Sub-divisional Officer. Bijapur 

•• The root destroyer Oouip.*ed of a mixture of sulphuric and nitric acids 
was tried according to instructions in two plaoos. In oue plaoo a t hick creeper 
had entwine l itself in tho wull of n well. The creeper was shorn *f all its 
leaves and branches and the main root ••xnwrd, the major portion of which 
was well inside tho masonry. A ‘deep hole was bored in this root horizontally 
and a pint of tho mixture poured in. The result was that half of tlio mixtuM 
was wasted, owing to the violent action whidi took place. In the second 
place, the result was hotter, ns an old tumbled down min was chosen, and which 
was covered with a thick creeper as before ; the main resit was exp-wed and 
this was on the top of the ruin. A number of holes were bored vertically down, 
and two pints of the mixture poured in. but in small quantities at a time. 

“ Results. — The mixture just after being poured in, seemed to act on tho 
wood and it appeared as if the root would he immediately destroyed, tho 
notion was so great The rrsult, however, is n failure, for, after two’ monllis 
there is no effect beyond the wood being slightly discoloured. The creepers in 
both Okies hnve sprung up again and are at the present time in full bloom. 
Great difficulty was oxperieneel in treating tbe vertical walls as the acid has 
got to be poured in horizontally and this cannot be done effectively unless some 
method of syringing could he adopted, lint a fair trial was given to this 
mixture in the second case of the ruin, and has not proved effective. 

“ This root destroyer may have been found successful elsewhere and tho 
cause nf its failure in Bijnpur may be due to weak acids. These acids' were 
procured locally, and c msiiering that nitric acid is known to burn a hole in 
almost any suhstance it has not in this case, mixed with sulphuric acid, done 
more than discolour the wood.” 

The Super intending Engineer, Indus Right Bank Division, informed mo 
that the Executive Engineer, Western Nara. reported to him “that thinsturn|s 
in Yarrnaliamed's tomb at Khndabad were destroyed in 15 days. All the other 
Executive Engineers w ho made trials did fO on thick stumps and all. without 
exception, report that the res alts were practically nil. At tne end of five weeks 




58 



the greatest result was slight charring of the wood round the auger hole, but 
this charring was in no case more than 1/16" deep. All the stumps experi- 
mented on were babul.” 

The following letter was addressed hr Sir N. G. C’handavarkar. Chief 
Minister of Indore State, to the Resident. Indore, who favoured me w ith a Copy 
of it. It is as follows 

" T hare the honour to refer to the correspondence ending with my letter 
No. 1822, dated the 22ud October 1018. regarding the destruction of stumps by 
menns of acids. 

“ The agricultural expert reports that the results of the ex|ieriments are 
not encouraging as the stump* have become rotten only in |utris althmurh the 
acids were used in the proportion and quantity in the ‘‘Magnet.” He further 
says that even ir the experiments had proved successful they oonld not have 
been of any practical value as the pric« of the acids is prohibit ive. The whole 
experiment cost him about Rs. 8 w hile the same stumps, he any*, could have 
been removed in lew* than Rs. 2 by engaging labourers and we would have got 
some wood in return.” 




54 



APPENDIX a 

Works proposed for 1915-1916. 

The liar of Work* it i* proposed to be unde- taken during the year 1915-19JG 
i* an /'of loir*. They are luted in the order of urgency ; — 

Current Repairs. 




AhmeUU.1 



Ahlur.UKvl 



17 Hijttimr ... Hi jap 

18 Kamchi BuiM Tatu 

19 Kmn hikI I*tenoK CU® 



llj<icr*U.l 



It*. 

2.050 



15 

09 

47 

BO 

35 

25 

400 

10 



, V •oi’» tomb 

- c«~. 

_ InacriMian* 

„ J.m. M-jhI 

■ 

- <*• trapV 

" Shiwji's tomb and Mabadvr'a 

. Gram lo Nu,-irih»i» Mun um 



X— «r w .,1. 

















55 

Special Repairs. 



A*:unl. 













R*. 






P«ta C a«* 


lain, in the Fort 


••• 


2,400 


Amhernatb 




Teopk erf kmh 


■nilh 


— I 


2,000 


Sin oar 




r. 0«« 


lab tar 


— | 


1,000 


TaUa 


•~j 


In KW. I* n 


araloabal 




620 






Jum Majid 




••• 

A 


1,877 


Aiboie 




Tmplct 




••• 


1.600 


I'aoadkal 








l 

H* 


1,000 


X «.k 




Puds Lena o»' 


ra 


• • • 1 


220 


Oidn B ulw 


••• 

1 

••• 


Eirttka of Met 


atrial pillar OB kite of old 


4,656 


DuM 


liSte™ 


n tern) Jr 


- 


1,100 


K*»li 




Oetn 




••• 


116 


n;«*«r 


> 

1 


An Mahal 




• •• 


1.9841 


CKam pan ir 


AreK.*.l<^f») baildinga 




2,803 








Total 




»).677 








Grant Total 


i* 

1 

i 


80,000 







PART II (a). 

Original Research. 

Bhilea, or Bbelsa as it is popularly called, is the head-quarters of the 

district and taluka of the saine name and is a station 
of the Midland section of the Great Indian Peninsula 
Kailway. A short account of the antiquities of this place will be found in Cun- 
ningham's Archeological Survey cf India Report, Vol. X, pp. 34-86, and also in 
the Gwalior State Gazetteer, Vol. I, pp. 903-7. It is situated on the east bank 
•of the Betwu river. 

9. The traditions, that have been associated with Bhiltn, have been narrated 
by Cunningham, and there is nothing new to add to it. The old name of the 
place was Bhnillasvamin. A copper-plate grant, dated V. E. 1190— A. D. 1134 
represents a C hands 11a prince, Modanavarman, to have made a grant of land 
while residing at Bhailloavarnin. A stone inscription ( A. I). 1173) in the 
temple of Delayed vara at Udaipur in the Bhilsa district, which will ho 
described Inter on, speaks of Udaipur as being situated in the Bhaillasvami- 
mahad vada^aka, ij., a group of twelve villages of which Bhaillaavainiu was 
the principal oue. There was a fragmentary inscription originally discovered 
in the Bhilan town wall, hut now no longer traceable, which, according to 
Dr. Flail, recorded the erection, by Ynrhaapati, minister of Raja Krishna, of a 
temple to the Sun under the appellation of Hh'iilleA* on the Vetravatl ( Betwa ) 
river. This shows that the town had received its name after this god. 

3. The object of antiquarian interest that deserves to lie mentioned first is 
a Masjid on the oiitsknt* of the town Hear the Besligate. It is also called Biji\ 
Maudir. It was originally a Hindu temple, said to have been built by Bijfc or 
Vijayn, daughter of a Bsniyi, but afU>ru*r<ls dismantled aud couverted into a 
mosquo by Aurangzeb. 1 arn not aware of any ovideuoo in support of theso 
assertions. The style of the building, however, pointsto its being converted dur- 
ing the early part of the Muhammadau rule. It stands on a much higher lovel 
than the surrounding level and moat probably represents tho ground level of t,he 
original templo. It is divided into two chambers— tbit on tho north being 
intended for a zenana gallery. Tho other, which is a public prayer hall, hns 
three row* of twelve pillar* each with a corresponding row of nilasU** touching 
its wall*. There are no less thau tivo inscription* here, all engraved in the 
Dovnnogarl character. Of those no loss flan four havo been incised on pillar*. 
One of them contains twenty-six lines, and is the longest of tho whole lot 
( Inscription No. 2631 ). It begius with a panogyrio of a goddess called 
Chochikd or Charchika, in which we are told that the lord of Dhara became 
master of the earth through her favour and that whan properly worshiped sho 
conferred upon hor devotee the supernatural power of flying in the sky. We 
are thou told that Charchika was a favourite go Ides* of Naravannadeva alias 
Nirvapa-Nariyaps, and that it was she who made the king fit for the work. 
Tho inscription then end* with telling us that it was the composition of ouo 
Thakkuru Sri-Madhava, son of Supa’a and Jas*. Ho i* avid to be a drija, and 
belonged to the Mathura race. The record unfortunately i* not dated, but the 
mention of Naravarmadeva, who can be no other than the Paramarn prince of 
that name, show* that it was inscribed sometime between A. D. 1104-33. Tho 
inscription, therefore, leaves no doubt as to the pillar on which it is incised a* 
having belonged to a temple of Charchika. The other inscriptions iu Bija 
Mondir though they do not refer to this temple, do not, at any rate, speak of 
any other temple. And the conclusion is highly prohable that the present 
Bija Mandir represents the old faDe of Charchika, whic h seems to havo been 
constructed by Naravarraan. The style of the pillars and sculptures found 
here are of the same age,r «., the 12th century. The other inscriptions on pillars 
contain names of pilgrims. One of these is Pevapati, son of Svlhu SadhaJa. 
Another is Maha-mahattama Devon ja of the Sodha lineage. So;) ha is a well- 
known clan of the Paramaras. Solh* Rajputs, however, are now-a-days found 
on the boundaries of the Jodhpur State aDd Sind. A third inscription has the 
date S a t'nt at 1210 Pausha cadi 10. There is also a fourth inscription engraved 




60 



on an old temple basement to be seen from the zenana gallery of the prayer- 
chamber on the north side ( Inscription No. 2630 ). It consists of a Sardula- 
vikrldita stanza, which specifies the maximum ages of the various classes of 
quadrupeds in accordance with the estimate of Sarvadevakritin. Thus nor- 
mally an elephant and a lav aka live each up to 120 years, a horse 32, an ass 
and a camel each 25, a cow and a buffalo each 26, a ram, a goat and a deer 
each 16, and a dog 12 only. 



4. On the Lohangi rock which is near the railway station and which. over- 
looks the town of Bhilsa are several buildings, all Muhammadan in character 
except one. This last is a bell-capital of the Suhga period ( Photo. No. 3966). 
Ah the hole, into w hich the pillar shaft was originally pushed, haa been turned 
upwards, the people consider that it originally served the purpose of a trough, 
from which, according to the local traditions, the celebrated horse of Rukiiiaii- 
gada drank water. The shaft of the pillar to which the bell-capital belougod, 
must have been a gigautic one, but has not been yet traced. Of the buildings of 
the Muhammadan period one is a mosque, one a tomb to Lohangi plr, after 
whom the rock is named, and one aupareuliy a Tah-Khanah. This last is a 
subterranean chamber for use in hot seasons supported on pillars originally 
belonging to a Umdu or Jaina temple. Tho mosque contains no less than six 
inscriptions, of which all but ooe are extracts from Al-Quran ( Inscriptions 
Nos. 2625-2029). The one remaining records the erection of the mosque by 
■-'ll il Mulk Khujaudi during the reign of ‘Aland Duuy. r.' >i 1 >m Alml 
MuzzatTar Mahmud H'-ah Ki aljl in the year 862 A. II. ( Inscription No. 2624). 
This latter can bo no other thau Mahmud Khilji I, Sultan of MiUwa. 



5. Tho onlv othor building that deserves mention is a tomb in the town of 
llhilssi called Ghumlaz A«» Makbara and continuing graves of the two brothers 
Mahk-ush Sharf aud Malik-ul-tajjar, jeweller* of Delhi, who wero murdered 
horu by daooiU. It is overgrow u with rank vegetation, and is now in a 
dilapidated oouditiou. It was originally an elegant slrm turc consisting of a 
square clumber with four porches iu front, one on each side, ami surrounded 
by a dome. ■ It soeuis desirable that every offort should be- made to mako 
it structurally sonnd. 

6. Twenty-four miles north-wint of Bhilsa isOyarasour, which abounds with 

Qv r «pu ancient remains. There u a la Vila often repeated by 

* * the people here which gives iu an epitome the various 

modem temples and monuments that are tho attractions of Gynraspur to a 

S resent day Hindu. It also explains how the place has oomc to bear this name, 
t says that tho town was originally estnUished by the gods and that, it was so 
called because the vow of gyar as or 1 1th day was observed. King ltuknian- 
gada of Vidi<a (Besnagar), who was a staunch devotee of Vishnu, used to 
observe the EkavlaH-crata so strictly that not only did he himself observe a 
thorough fast but insisted upon even infanta of his family and his own cattle 
being kept without food on that day. Once hw son-in-law called Sohhana came 
to Vidifo to see him. Unluckily for him he caine on the 11th day. Hard 
travelling had already made him ravenously hungry, and yet be was given no 
food. The result was that he died. But he obtained more than full recom- 
pense in the next world. A Brahman of Vidian, two or three years after this 
event came to paw, happened, in the course of his peregrinations, to halt for 
one night at the place where Gyaraspur is situated. As soon as it whs pitchy 
dark, he witnessed a strange phenomenon. Vishnu's angels descended from 
Vaikuutha, swept the place, and made all bandobazt for a durbar. And soon 
after, lo! Sobhana himself descended, occupied the throne, and held his court. 
This was the fruit he obtained by observing the EkAdai i fast even at the cost 
of his life. Every night he held his durbar here, and the place came to be 
called Sobhanapori after him. But it became more celebrated by the name of 
Gyaraspur, because gydrat or the Ilth was the day which led to his elevation. 
Tiie founding of the present town, however, is attributed to a Good chief called 
Man, whose capital was Gada Mad ha la near Jubbnlpore. He was suffering 
from leprosy, and started on pilgrimage to see whether any sacred waters could 
cure him. He heard of the fame of Gyaraspur and came here. The local 




01 



waters effected a complete cure. He was overjoyed, and built three tanks, one 
of which is known as Madagau, which is on the south-western outskirts of the 
town. The other two are on the north-east and are close beside eacfe other, 
the larger of which is known as Mdn-mrvrar. 

7. The old remains of Gyaraspur are considerable and cover a large area. 
The noteworthy are— ( 1 ) Aihkharaba and (2) the Bajramath, outside the town 
on the west. (3) Chha-kharnt* inside the town, and (4) the temple of Malado 
on the peak of the hill to the south of the town. These have ail been described 
by Cunningham and Beglariuthe A rekaological Survey of India Report *, Vol. X, 
p' 31 ft. and Vol. p. 90 and ff. The following notes are intended only to supplement 
their accounts. 

8. The Athkhainbn or eight pillars are what now remains of an ancient 
temple ( Photo, No. 3967 ). Four of these belong to the Sabltdiiiandapa and 
two to the porch. The remaining two are, strictly speaking, pilasters, and 
pertain to the antardla or shrine vestibule. Of the shrine nothing excepting 
the door now remains ( Photo. No. 3968 ). On the dedicatory block of its 
lintel is Siva with four hands, the two upper of which are gone and the two 
lower hold a rosary of heads and a water-pitcher. Below his right knee iB 
Nandi. On his right and left at the ends are Brahma and Vishnu. Between 
Brahniii and Siva are five figures, the central of which is Taijdava and the 
remaining are four of the Haptamatm, the other three being sculptured between 
Siva anil Vishnu along with Ganapati and a male figure flaying on the 
tabour. 1 was able to trace only three inscriptions here, w hich arc nil eurgav- 
etl on pillars, and are pilgrims records. The most important of these 
con i lu cnees with an obeisance to Krishnedvara, who, no doubt, was the god to 
whom the temple was originally dedicated, and ends with the date Ramvat 
1030 Chaittra-vadi 16 iam ( Inscription No. 36391. This show# that the 
construction of the temple c annot powibly he pushed later than A. 1). 982, and 
disproves the view of I>r. Burgewi, who tentatively assigns it to the 12th 
conturv ( Ftrguuon't Hutory of Indian ami Riutrru Architecture by Burgess 
and Spiers, Vol. II, p. 66). A view of the pillars, which are typical of this age, 
will bo found in Photo. No. 3969. The temple of what is locally known hh 
BS jrA Math, but more correctly perhaj* Bajnuialh faces the cud, and consists 
of three shrines in a row with a common verandah in front ( Photo, No. 3970). 
The central shrine alone is crowned with a spire of the curvilinear type, and the 
side ones with roofs formed by low seniipvramids rising in tiers and meeting 
the spire ( Photo. No. 397 1 ). Cunningham apparently takes it to lie an 
original and integral temple, but even a superficial examination loaves no 
doubt ns to the whole structure having been rebuilt. The verandah was 
originally supported ou fourteen aud not sixteen pillars ns Cunningham asserts, 
and had a balcony on each side and a flight of steps to the east. The two 
extra pillars which he counted are prop* put up afterward* to support tho 
architraves above, and did not belong to the original plan of the temple. The 
door frame of the central shrine is richly decorated ( Photo. No. 3972 ). Imme- 
diately over tho entrance is a seated image of Siirya with seven horses below. 
The door has three jambs on each side. The lower parts of the innermost are 
carved with Gaiiga and Yamuna, and the upper split op iulo three compart- 
ments, Tho central ones projecting. These last arc carved with Nag a figures 
with their bodies interlaced. One of the side bands is floTal, aud the other 
sculptured with and undulating line representing a lotus stalk, from which 
spring full-blown flowers supporting monkeys, elephants and their riders, 
musicians, and pairs of swans. The central door jamb has a female figure 
sculptured at the bottom, and, above, is, like the innermost jamb, divided into 
three bands, the middle one projecting. This last is covered with four figures 
of Sfirya, one above the cither, aud the side bands with wavy lines of lotus 
stems holding female archers in their curves. The outermost jamb of the 
doorframe contains a female figure below, arid its upper portion filled up with 
deep-out arabesque. All these upper carvings of the door jamte except, the 
central are carried upwards'into the corresponding compartments of the lintel. 
The middle one of these thus dbee not correspond with that of the jambs, and is 
sculptured instead with grifins and Kiritmuiha*. 



H il!9-l« 




9. The doorframes of the north and south shrines are of the same style as 
that of'the central. On the lintel of the former is B&Iarama, who is greatly 
mutilated but who can be recognised by the snake hoods over his head. Over 
the otBcr lintel the post of honour is held by Siva. The images on both theso 
lintels are repeated in the central door jambs, as in first shrine. In each one 
of these shrines are figures of Tirtha'iikaras standing against the back wall. 

10 . In the niches on the extenor walls none but Iirahmanical divinities 
liguro. On the north side can be identified Kartikeva, Sdrya, Siva and Gaco^a, 
on the west or back Ardhana rtf va ra, Tandava, Hal a ram it, Vaniha and so forth, 
and on the south Naraairiiha, Kali and 8urya. The Dikpila* or Regents of the 
directions can also be recognised though not in every case placed in the 
proper directions. This coupled with the fact that tlie outer carved faces of 
these walls are of different patterns and somehow fitted one to the other is a 
clear and unmistakable indication of the temple having been rebuilt. Or it 
may be that the Jainas brought from elsewhere all materials from old Hindu 
temples and arranged them promiscuously into the present triplo-shrmed 
temple for installing images of their Tirthamkaraa. 

11. Perched on the crest of a hill to the south of the town is the temple of 

Malade. It is no doubt a stupendous structure, and, standing as it doesi oil a huge 
platform, cut out of the hill sides on the east and south and strengthened by 
retaining walls of rough blocks of stone, it present* a most majestic sight from 
a distance boUfw. The temple has been constructed with it* back against the 
rock, whose ledge has been so trimmed a* to form the ceiling of the sanctum. 
It appears as if in this original hollow of the hill there was a divinity which 
afterwards became so sacred and renowned that a temple to it was found 
indispensable, but as the divinity could not be moved, its shrine had to he 
orueted with the rock-ledgu as it* ceding. This rock lias boon allowed to 
remain even in the at Ui* north-west corner although it interferes 

with free cirouwaiubulation. 

12. The temple faces the east, and is constructed of architectural' pieces 
dating from the 9th to the 12th century ( Photo. No. 3974). In front stands a 
tali open porch resting on four lolumna of the pot and foliage typo of about the 
10th century ( Photo. No. 3074). Two of those hear records of four pilgrims 
which are of no particular important*. In the centre of the RabhAmapfapa or 
hull is a dais with the four hall pillars ^it the corners. This dais seems to have 
been dug into by treasure hunters, who have thrown earth round about in the 
hall itself. Between the hall and the shnne is an antarafa supported on the 
front walls of the shrine and two pillars like those of the hall. The pillars of 
the hall and the antarala arc in a row. and give the Rabhamaffapa an 
appearance of being divided into a nave and side aisles. These last lead to the 
pradaluhiiiA, which is here provided with two doors, one on each side. A view 
of the hall pillars and pilasters is furnished by Photo. No. 3976. The shrine 
appears to have had originally three door-frames, one leading into the other. 
The lintels anil jambs of the two inner have fallen, of which the former may 
still lie seen in the hall. One of these ha* in the centre a goddess with the lion 
as her vehicle. The dedicatory block of the outer door lintel also contains a 
goddess, who heTe hears a child on her lap. The centre of the hand above is 
occupied by a seated Tirthaiiikara. The outermost jambs do not correspond. 
In the sanctum is an image of a Tirthaiiikara placed against the back wall. 
Three or four Jaina images are also to be seen here. 

13. On the projecting block of the ball door is a goddess with ten hands and 
seated on Garutfa. A left hand holds* discus. Down below on the proper right 
aud left respectively are Gangs and Yamuna, each with an attendant by her 
side and with a dwarf female in between. The attendant of Ganga holds a 
parasol over her, and, of Yamuna, a morehel. Above Yamuna's attendant is 
shown a group of five figures resting on a lotus. The central one is nude and 
seated on what looks like a lei. It bears a preaching attitude aud holds a 
hurehd. On its proper right are also two nude figures, one standing and the 
other sitting on knees, but both with hands folded towards it- On the left also 




are two figures, both standing. One of these is represented as leaving the place 
in huff, and the other as pacifying it. On the other jamb also above Gaiiga's 
attendant is a similar group. The central figure here also is flanked by two 
figures on each side, of which one is sitting and the other standing. All of 
them are nude, and, excepting the central one, bear kurchtu. The interior of 
the hall also contains a good many Jama images, all of which except one are 
no longer in aiiu. This one is a colossal figure of a standing Jina. As it has 
been placed merely against the wall without having hold ou it, a dry pile of 
nibble stones has been put up on each side to keep it in position, with a (light, 
of steps inserted into each apparently to enable the devotee to anoint the head 
of the Jina with pigment und put (lowers on it. 

14. The exterior of the temple is provided with eight balconies, two in front 
and three on each side, which originally admitted light into the hall uid the 
circumambulator)’ passage (Photo. No. 31175). But these have now been 
closed from inside, some entirely and some partly. All the large niche* on the 
outside walls are empty, ami most of the smaller contain images of goddesses. 
The names of three of these, who are seated, have been engraved ou thoir 
vdharuu, in character* of the 10th ceutury, if not earlier. They are Vahnifikhfc 
and Tarapati, of goddesses on the south side, and Himn, of a goddess at the 
back of the temple. The other goddesses are standing, and have all their 
heads canopied by cobra hood*. 

15. The (ample is in a sad state of disrepair. The outside walls have been 
torn asunder in two or three place*. The domical wiling of the hall and tlmt 
of the nnt rala have given way. But the shrine i* in the worst condition. The 
south wall of it, as scon in the ynuiakthiM. has sunk and bulged out, pushing 
forward with it the inside pilasters and thus leading to the dialodgment of tho 
ceiling slabs which have been dashed aginnel tho door and have caused cracks 
in two or three place*. 

16. On the southern outskirts of the town is what the people call Chha- 
khnmhii which is a name given conjointly to a KlrtuUmhha and what appears to bo 
the central portion of th.- hall of a once magnificent temple. The former is also 
known as a Jhuld or Ilin /<>/<» umoug the people. The lowermost panels of its 
sides, facing the cardinal points, eout, on the ten incarnations of Vishnu. Of 
tho east pillar the north panel holds both Fish and Tortoise on lotus (lowers ; 
tho west, Vara ha ; the south, Naraaimba shown with flame* issuing from his 
head : and tho east, Vnmana. Of the other or west nillar the south panel is 
occupied by Para^urama ; the west, Hama ; tho east. Balarama, who has pooled 
off ; and the north, both Buddha standing and Kalki on horseback. On those 
pillars rests an architrave, and at each cud of it is a Makara with tail outside 
and from whoso mouth springs a tiny arch. Thcao arches moot in tho centre 
of the architrave. The apex of each is fronted on the south by a ( Vaishuava ) 
Buddha with four hands, the two lower of which are hold in the attitude of 
Bhiiltnisparia-mudrd. The Kirtutambha is surmounted in the middle by a 
miniature shrine holding Vara ha and Narasimha ill the panels facing south 
aud north. 

17. Ou the top of the hill immediately on the west of Mnn-sarovar are 
two shrines, which have escaped the notice of both Cunningham and Beglar.and 
which, though they arc now almost wrecks, are worthy of note. Of one of 
these only the door is preserved with part of the inner core of the roof above. 
Immediately over the entrance is Garuda. The lintel above ha* been broken 
up into three bands. The lowermost is beautifully carved with ornamental 
Cluiitya windows, the central of which is occupied by an elegant tn'iya resting 
ou a Pindikd. The compartment above it is also artistically chiselled. In the 
centre is a Nag* with three hoods and on either side are a number of lotus 
buds and stems but only one fnll-blown lotos whose filament* are shown as 
being eaten by two swans with slender arched necks and standing in front of 
each other. The door originally had two jambs on each side, the outer of which 
has now disappeared from the proper right side. The inner bauds are each 
carved with floral ornamentation with Gang* and Yamuna at the bottom. 




64 



18. Twenty-four miles north-east of Gvaraspur is Bare, properly Baloh, 
which abounds with the ruins of mediaeval temples. 
Baro is now a tiny village on the boundary of the 
Bhilsii District aud of the Gwalior State on this side. But the old place, whatever 
its name was, extended as far as and included the neighbouring town of Pathari 
now under Bhopal Agency, as is evidenced by the remains. These have been 
described first by Beglar in Archeological Surrey of India Report *, Vol. VII, 
pp. 64 ff. and afterwards by Cuunighain, ibid VoLX, pp. 60-76. The ruins were 
also visited hy Mr. Cousens who refers to them in his Progress Beport for 1893-94. 
There are here two distinct villages, rir., Baro and Pathari. Beglar describes 
all these ruins as belonging to Pathari. Cunningham, however, clearly 
distinguishes between the two places. But Mr. Cousens, who knew of 
Beglar’* account only, puts all these remains like him under Pathari. 



19. As the accounts of both Cunningham and Beglar are exhaustive, very 
little remains to be added to them. The most celebrated of the Baro ruius is 
the temple of Gadarmal. whose shrine contains a composition, nearly life-size, 
of a newly burn babe lying by the side of its mother. They have been surmised 
to be Muyiwle vi- Buddha by Beglar, Tridala Mahnvirn by Cunuingham, and 
Ya&xla-Krishna by Mr. Cousens. A careful examination of this temple will 
convince any one that it is built of odd pieces ranging in date from the 8th to 
the 10th century and evidently brought from different adjoining temples. The 
imago in question in all probability did not originally I* long to tins temple, 
which again tuny not have stood here at all before the heterogenous architectur- 
al pieces were conglomerated into the present structure. N»wr, on the other 
hand, the inscription engraved on the column of Pathari opens with an evoca- 
tion in four verses to the Hindu god Krishus and tells us that it served the 
purpose of a Uaruda-sUimbhs in front of a temple to Krishna. N'o traces of 
the temple liavo remained, and it is possible that the image now in the shrine 
of Qodnrinal temple originally pertained to the Knshija fane, from which it was 
removed when it fell into disrepair. 

20. Udaypur is a village in the Basoda Tahshil of the Bhilsa District, and 

... is lour mile* from the Bsroth railway station and sixteen 

y ^ ' miles north-west of Baro. It is now an insigmfloant 

village, but, in the median'll Hindu period and daring the Muhammadan rulo, 
was a place of some importance, as m evidenced by the monumental remains at. 
present existing. Of the Hindu remains the tcuinlc of N ilaka n the* vara is the 
most noteworthy. Of special interest among the Muhammadan monuments aro 
a mosque and a mansion both of the .Mughal period and enclosed within a fort 
wall. The old market square with oolounaded aid©* formed of Hindu pillars, 
the gates of the fort wall some in Hindu and some in Muhammadan stylo, aud 
the traces of an old wall constructed of great stone blocks packed dry half a 
mile south of the village deserve little more than a mere mention.' 

21 The monuments of Udaypur have been describ'd by Beglar in A rchao- 
logical Surrey of India Report!, VoL YU, pp. 81-88, and by Cunningham, Hid., 
Vol. X, up. 05-69. The various legends connecting Udayaaiinha, the Panunara 
king, with the foundation of the town and the building of the temple of N ilaka lit h- 
elvara have already been narrated by them and are consequently not worth 
reiterating. By far the most important object of antiquarian interest here is 
the faue of Nilakanthe*vara, built of a fine red sand stone. It faces the ea^k 
and stands upon a small podium in the centre of a courtyard to which access is 
now obtained through a gate in its south-west comer. It consists of a shrine, 
a hall, and throe porches projecting from the sides of the hall and each 



approached by a flight of steps, that on the east being the principal entrance. 
The whole lower portion of each porch is covered except at the entrance opening 
with a stone screen surmounted bv a stone bench provided w ith a back formed 



by an inclined dwarf wall. On these benches rest short pillars which support the 
roof above ( Photo. No. 3994 ). The outer carved faces of these roofs, however, 
have almost completely disappeared. The eaves slabs also are more or less 
destroyed. The steps, leading to the eastern principal entrance porch, were 
originally flanked by two sculptured dwarf walls, very little of which ha6 now 
survived and which have now to a large extent been replaced by rubble erections. 




22. The hall or Xabhamamfapa is 24' square leading to an antarala, 12' O' X 
9' O'. The centre is occupied by a Nandi, above which is the domical coiling. 
The roof of the hall is supported by walls and eight pillars and four pilasters 
very heavy but deeply and boldly carved ( Photo. No. 3996). The door of the 
shrine is exquisitely sculptured (Photo. No. 3995 ). Each side consists of live 
jambs, the lower portions of which are occupied with statuary. Above, the 
central jamb which projects is composed of a miniature spiral shaft crowned 
with a series of circular cap6 except the lowermost which is of the pot and 
foliage style. The other jambs are floral except the outermost which is 
sculptured with a series of horse riders one upon the other. On the dedicatory 
block of the shrine lintel is Oaneia; above is Siva. Above still on the frieze is 
a row of five goddesses. Inside is a stone liitga covered with a brass sheet., 
which, from the inacription incised on it, appears to have been put up by one 
Khanderao Appaji in Saiiivat 1841. The outside walls of the shrine and hall 
are profusely decorated with figures, hardly any of which is intact. Either 
thn nose or the hands have been chipped off, and it is not, therefore, |Miasible to 
identify the deities. This desecration must no doubt have been caused when 
the Muhammadans built the mosque, which stands immediately behind this 
temple. 

23. The hall, as described by Fergusson, “is covered with a low pyramidal 
roof, placed diagonally on the sub structure, and ming in steps, each of which 
is ornamented with vases or urns of varying shapes" (Photo. No. 3994 ). This 
form of hall roof is met with not only in Bnjputana andUujarnt, but also in the 
Dekkau. The spire of the shrine, however, is peculiarly l>ekkan in style and 
is almost identical with that of the temple of G^uMvar at Binnar in the Nfcfik, 
and that at Ambamath in the '|b»nn District. The towers of these two last 
temples, however, are more or less destroyed, and that of Udaypur is the 
only one of this type that ha* been wholly and entirely prenerved, and as such 
is of great importance. It is aspire dooorated by four bands with thirty-five 
miniature tikhartu lietween two <xmsc< utive bands arranged in live rows, each 
row holding soven of them placed one above tho other ( Photo. No. 3993 ). Ono 
noteworthy circumstance connected with the tower of this temple at Udaypur 
iH tho carving of a male figure immediately below the amolaiila at the north- 
west corner. I wa* not able to ascertain who*© figuro it was. ’The man 
appears to be intended to hold in hi* hand the lower end of the flagsUlT, which 
no doubt was placod here, as clearly indicated by a round aperture in tho 

just above the figure. The superb dress and tho profusion of 
ornaments point to his high rank, and it is poasihln that we have in him a 
sculpture of tho Paramara Udavaditya himself, who constructed tho temple. 
The only other instance of such a figure that I have found is furnished by the 
Talesvar temple at Tilasma in Mewar, where the figure was sup|Kised to be 
that of a royal personage, who built it and ascended to hoavou by this 
meritorious act. 

24. In front of the temple is a structure called Vtdi, which is said to have 
been used by Udayaditya for the performance of a sacrifice after building tho 
temple. It is a square chamber enclosed with walls of beautiful perforated 
stone work with a projeetiou in the middle of each (Photo. No. 3997). This 
work is broken away in places, and the gaps thus caused have been filled up 
with rubble. The present entrance is through a doorway in the west, wall, but 
there was another in the opposite wall, which has now been closed with rubble. 
Near the present entrance is a large Py/xii tree, which has struck roots both 
into the perforated work aud the wall joints. The iuterior is unclean and is 
used as a cattle-shed, which is a great pity. The exterior is silted up with 
debris, which also is undesirable. The roof is flat and is now in a dilapidated 
condition. 

25. Behind the temple and tour hing the western extremity of the courtyard, 
n mosquo has been constructed out of materials from old Hindu temples. 
Beglar's description of this* mosque is slightly inaccurate. The flat roof of the 
hall is supported not by four *( as be says), but five, rows of Hindu pillars. 
There are again not twelve bat eight pillars in each row, including the dwarf 
one„s. Cunningham thinks that there stood here the north-west corner attend- 



B 2119—17 




66 



ant shrine and the western Vedi which were knocked down, and this May id 
was erected in their place. Of course, there is even- probability that a 
subsidiary shrine was existing here, but the examination of the materials of the 
mosque does not support the conclusion that there was another Vedi here. 
The back of Ibis building clearly indicates that the larger portion of tins 
material belonged to a temple which had porches similar to those of the present 
one ( Photo. No. 3999). 

26. In front of the mosque there are two archways one on each side of the 
back of the temple, apparently unfinished and bearing Persian inscriptions. 
They record the erection of a mosque (no doubt the one just referred to ) by 
Ahmad VVajih during the reign of Abul Mujihid Mohammad bin TuSblaq 
Shah (Sultan of Delhi). While one of them hears the date 737 A. H., 
the other 739 A. H. This difference is unaccountable except perhaps on the 
surmise that the building of the Masjid commenced in 737 and was completed 
in 739. 

27. The temple of Mlakatitbe<vara, like that of (iadaxmal at Pare, must 
originally havo hail six atteudaut shrines, one at the north and one at tho south, 
and the remaining four at the north east ( Photo No. 3998 ), south-east, south- 
west and north-west corners. Of these the two last have completely gone and 
that at tho south all but gone. The rest are more or lees preserved. 

28. On the wall* and pillars of the eastern porch and hall door a number of 
inscriptions have been incised rsnging in age from the 11th to the 16th cenury. 
Hesides these there are two inscription stone slain detached from their settings 
and now lying loose in the porch. It is not clear to which structure they 
originally pertained. Put certain it is that they did not lieloug to the temple 
of NUaka »t he* vara as there are no niche* here wherein they could havo bocu 
placed. The larger of these slab* contain* but a fragment of an inscription 
setting forth the eulogr of the Paramara dynasty, showing that thore was at 
least one more slab which has now been lost. This fragment has been edited 
by Pnhler in KpigraiJiia huhea, Vol. I., p. 288 ff. and carries the dynastic list 
up to Udaysditva. The second slab, which is somewhat smaller, has ds inscrip- 
tion published by F. Kiolhorn in the Indian .Ini juary, Vol. XVIII, pp.. 347-8. 
From this inscription it appear* that the slab originally belonged to a temple of 
Vaidyanutha, and it is not impowihle that the find slab also was connected with 
it. Tho temple appears to havo been of somo importance as is clear from the 
inscription. And it seems tempting to suppose, though, of course, there is no 
strong evidence in support of it. that it was in the vicinity of NUnka|ith©4varu 
and that it was this Hindu fane that was demolished and served as materials 
for constructing tho mosque behind Nilakautbe*vnrn during tho roign of 
Mohammad Tughlaq. 

29. Of the other inscriptions m the porch of Nilakant ho«vara, the important 
one* have been either published or summarised by Kielhorn. One of these 
credits Udaynditya with having established U day spurn, Udave4vara and 
Udayasainudra. The first of these is the village of Udaypur, the second tho 
temple of Nilakant he 1 vara itself. It is not possible to identify Udayasainudra, 
though from the name it is evident that it refers to a tank or lake. As this is 
a contemporary record, the above statement is worthy of credence. Another 
inscription, which is, however, much later than the tune of Udayaditya and is 
written iu the vernacular of the day. informs ns that the construction of 
Udaye^vara ( Nilakanthe.4vara ) commenced in V. 8. 1116 ( =1069 A. D. ); 
and a third inscription which is of the time of the Parsmiira prince tells us 
that the flagstaff of the temple was erected in Samrat 1137 Vaiiakha ttidi 7, 
corresponding to A. D. 1080. The god Udaye4vara has also been called 
Udale^vara in other inscriptions, which enumerate various grants made to 
him at different time*. 

30. Another object of some archaeological importance at Udaypur, as 
stated above, is a mosque of the Mughal style which stands in an area enclosed 
by a fort wall on the southern outskirts of the village (Photo. No. 3992). An 
inscription on the outer face of the northern wall records the erection of this 
Maejid in the town of Udaipur, District Chanderi, in the province of Malwa, 




67 



begun by Qazi Auliya, son of Sayyid Alid-u^-samad during the reign of the 
emperor Jahangir and completed after his death by his two wins Sayyid Humid 
and Sayyid Daud in the reign of the emperor, Shah Jahan in the year 1041 
(A. If.). In front of the Masjid are several tombs, ihe principal among which are 
said to be those of the father and uncle of the finishers. At present it.is in charge 
of the local Quzi who claims to be a descendant of the original builders. As it is 
still used as a place of worship, the interior has been kept nice and clean. The 
building also is, on the whole, in safe condition except a portion of masonry 
near the north-east corner which has separated itself from the main structure 
and slightly buckled forward. The small ornamental minarets also at the four 
corners of the roof arc leaning one way or the other. 

31 . The (ulatial building situated a few yards behind this Masjid is said to 
have been the private residence of the builder. The present owner of this build- 
ing, as in the case of the marjid, is the local Qaii. This is a spacious structure 
in the Mughal style consisting of a number of fine rooms decorated with arabos- 
oue and jali work of varying and beautiful design. The place, however, is now 
deserted and was so thickly overgrown with jungle when 1 visited U day pur 
that it was not possible to examine the building thoroughly. 

PART II (b). 

Excavation at Bcsnagar. 

32. The column called KM in Biha nnd the ground round about it referred 
to in paru. IN on p. 4 ruj/ra, are the property of a I’ujari named l’ratn p-purl 
Gos&l popularly known as Babijee, who holds itaa an tn4m from the Gwalior 
Durbar. The pillar itself is in tbe cloae vicinity and near the north-east corner 
of an artificial mound, ou the northern end of which is perched thu squalid 
dwelling of the Bnbijeo. In front, i*, on the cast of the mound, runs a country 
track. Still farther east, the ground was fairly even though it rose a little 
towards its north-east and sloped off towards its south- east end. That, on the 
north and south of the mound was very nearly of the anno level. At tho 
back, however, it sloped off considerably towards the weat, Excavation was first 
started at the two places previously exposed by Mr. Lake, Superintending En- 
gineer of the Gwalior State,* ru., in the immediate south of the Pujari's house 
(called Trcruli C), and about 100 ft t toita south-ewt (called Trench A). Aft. r 
exposing parts of railings he filled tho trenebee, I was told, at the request of the 
I’ujari, who, on accouutof h« cattle, was anxious to see them filled and restored 
to their original condition. Thoeo trenchos I had, therefore, to re-open, but at right 
angina to these 1 sunk two cross trenches, called B and T). In Trench A traces of 
two different kinds of railings were found. They may be distinguished as (1) the 
open, and (2) the solid, railing. The first is of the well-known type, tho most 
notable specimen of it beiDg furnished by the Sifichl remains. Here, however, 
it is of the plainest kind, and neither .re the pillars bevelled nor tho cross-bars 
decorated with medallions as at SifiohL Only two of the pillars of this railing 
are approximately in position, aud the rest have fallen down. The railing 
originally ran from east to west, but it could be traced only over a length 
of about 6T 6". At the west end it meets tbe other railing, but on the 
east it must have run to a considerable distance, although not a vestige 
of. it is now visible. This is intelligible enough as tho soil on this side is 
of a lower level than even the original ground of this railing. The other railing 
which is contiguous with it was not at first recognised to be such, as it presented 
in appearance an altogether unknown variety. What here was brought to light 
was a continuous line of stone slabe with fragment of partition screen between 
them, the meaning of which, however, was far from clear when it was 
unearthed. It was not till a trench on the north side of Babajee's house was 
sunk, and better preserved parts of this type of railing exposed that it was 
possible to recognise the existen :e of a similar one in Trench A also. The 
traces of this railing, however, could be detected only up to 28 feet approximately. 
Trench B, which crossed Trench A, was comparatively abortive, though, in 
point of minor antiquities, such as coins, tot's and so on, it proved by no means 

• An account of hi* cxcanboo* a arotaiixd in the Journal of Ikr ]franc\ of Ikt Roual 

Asiatic Socwty, Vol. XXI II, p. 135 and 8. 





inferior to the latter. In the southern part of this trench were discovered the 
remains of a brick and stone walling, which no doubt originally formed part of 
dwelling. In the northern part of it, also, similar remnants were visible though 
very few as compared with the former. Traces of habitation were not 
coulinod to Trench B only. On the north of Trench A also, jnst where the 
second or solid railing broke off, was exhumed a similar hrick walling, with a 
water-channel close beside it. Not far from it was found a hauj or cistern, the 
sides of which appear to have been badly knocked off when Mr. Lake excavated 
here. The hauj seems originally to have been a square, with each side 
measuring not less than 11' 6’. The surface seems to be constructed of mortar 
laid on a solid bedding of brick-bats intermixed with tiny boulders. 

33. In Trench C which was ent immediately on the south of Babajee’s 
house, no less than eight pillare and one coping stone of an open railing were 
discovered. This was the second of the two trenches, which Mr. l«ake had 
dug on this site. He concluded from this find that a railing had stood here, 
running from east to west. But a little reflection will convince any one that 
thoro was no railing here. In the first place, in the case of open railings 
which have fallen the pillar* have always dropped down either on one Hide or 
the orther of the line in which they ran. In the present case, all the pillars 
have fallen in the direction of the line in which they have been supposed by 
Mr. Lake to have run. Secondly, though here no less than oight pillars were 
found, there was hut one coping piece discovered, and there was not a trace of 
any cross-bar, foundation slab or foundation layers. The absence of theae last 
two is highly significant. From theao and other reasons which cannot be 
detailed here the conclusion is irresistible that there existed no railing hero 
and that tho pillars had but been stacked at tin* place. 

84. Trench D which was cut at right angles to Trench C was more fruitful 
and revealed tho remains of the founds bon walling of an old dwelling and of 
n brick wall in front. Very little in its line of alignment has survived, but this 
much is clear that it was approached from the north bv a flight of three steps, 
which Ind to an antechamber floored with cement. I have no doubt that this 
was a dwelling of great importance as hero bricks, pottery and nails were found 
in far larger number* than iu any other trench on this side. And this 
conclusion was confirmed bv clearing the ground on its wort, which yielded 
one stone mortar and two haujas. Of the latter one is of the same level as, 
and the other of lower level than, the original ground here. The first of these 
again is more strongly built than the other. This shows that it was used as 
a cistern and tho second most probably for storing grain. 

35. A fifth trench (Trench K) was commenced from the north east, corner of 
tho cotn|>ound enclosing Babajccs ground. The ground hero was more rising 
than elsewhere. Besides, I was assured by Babajee that his ploughshare, 
whenever it was employed, struck against large stones on this side of his field. 
Every thing thus seemed promising. And excavations bore led to the discovery 
of nnother open railing corresponding to that found in Trench A, and running 
like it from east to west. Traces of this railing were found over a distance of 
220 feet in a line till its western end met the solid railing unearthed on 
the north of Babajoe’s house. Whore its eastern end was could not. bo 
ascertained. Fourteen pillars are in situ or. at any rate, very nearly so. Six 
have fallen near their foundation slabs, and the reel have disappeared. All 
theee except ono were preserved only up to their lowermost socket holes, the 
upper portions being destroyed. Immediately on the north side of this railing 
were found remnants of a fairly large structure, whose .stone walling extended 
over a length of 90 feet. Remains of its inside brick walling were also brought 
to light. Tho full plan and the purpose of this structure are far from clear. 

36. Pan passu with Trench E we sunk two more trenches one immediately 
behind Babajee’s house (Trench F), and the other immediately on the north 
(Trench G). We began excavating the lost from its western end and at first 
lighted upon only thin long foundation slabs running* in a line, the significance 
of which was at first quito beyond our comprehension. On tracing this line over 
a distance of 74 feet, however, we came upon its superstructure, and concluded 
that originally it constituted a railing. This railing is quito unique in design, 




and, so far as mv knowledge goes, has not yet been discovered by any 
archmologist in India. In contradistinction to the open railing such as is 
typically represented by that which, e.g n surrounds Tope 1 at Sauchi, and to 
such as was found in Trenches A and E at Kbam Baba also, the new one may 
be called the solid railing. The pillar of the latter is of comparatively small 
section. Its sides have no socket-holes to receive cross-bars as in the case 
of open railing, but are each cut into chases almost for the whole length exposed 
above ground. Into the chases of these pillars were fitted screens or panelR. 
The upper portions of the pillar* have broken off, and it is not therefore 
possible to determine the exatft height of the railing. Of the broken pillars 
the highest waR only 3' 6' above ground. Between this new railing and 
Bahujee’s house another pillar was unearthed. Its height measured 6' 8j", but 
this pillar also is not whole and entire, as it exhibited the surface of a fracture 
at either end. But, though it is uot possible from the pillars to settle the height 
of the railing, it is all but certain that its height could not have been loss than 
that of the open railing which it met. The height of the latter was nearly 10 
fed nliovr ground, and this may, therefore, be taken to be the height of tho 
new railing also. No coping stone of this railing was found iu the trench 
which revealed it. But one was discovered in the Outbutra or jdatfonn round 
tho K ha hi Baba column, when one side of it was broken open and a trench wink 
in front of it to inspect the nature of its foundations. The whole of its 
underside is chased, and it, therefore, appears that it rested directly not only 
u|Kin the pillars but also upon the j«neU whose upper side was fixed into its 
chase. This coping stone also is uot whole and entire, but as its length is not 
Irss u,.r. i’/ *» v nid the intorooliimnlilinn of the wiling runm from Po tod r, 
it, seems that, as at Sauchi. it spanned two intercolnmniaiions. The joint of 
the pillar which was found between this railing and Babijeo's house, and which 
has just been adverted to, consists of a central tenon with .« side projection and 
shouldered recess, which indicate* that the pillar in question supported not one 
but two coping beams. The end of one of that rested upon the projection 
and the end of tho other upon the shouldered recess of the top of the pillar, 
and tho two cuds being held together by the tenon pushed into the mortices 
which must have been cut into them to reoeive it. Near this pillar was found 
tho top piece of another pillar which ended merely in a tenon. This must be 
tho intervening pillar of the railing, on which only one coping atone rest ed mid 
which nil"' I 'Ittrally between its ends. A view of this remarks I >lc railing 
restored from tho dillerent fragments found will be shown a* acoompani- 
ldout to my longer and more detailed account of three excavations, which 
I intend contributing to tho Arrhrological Annual of the Director-General of 
Arcfiieology. The north side -of the solid railing which was discovered in 
Trench (l is about 7 feet long and runs very near the north open railing dug 
out in Trench F>. Whether they actually met is somewhat problematical 
because they do not run in exactly tho same line. 

• 

*37. , To settle whether that which we thought to be tho western end of tho 
new railing was really *o, ami, if so, to determine where and how it turned off, w o 
cut three tfenchhs ia three different directions. One of theso callod Trouch G, 
showed us that our surmise was correct and that the railing afterwards 
turned off to the snnth almost at right angles to the first- line. In Trench G|, 
however, nothing but the line of foundation slabs was found. There was not 
a trace of its superstructure. This was. however, not surprising at- all, consider- 
ing that the ground here was of a very low level, lower even than the original 
ground of this railing. These foundation slabs again could be traced only up to 
a distance of 28'. The line then suddenly broke off but we continued to 
push the trench southwards when after a distance of about fi4 feet we lighted 
upon another foundation slab w ith a serond one running at right angles to it. 
The western side of the solid railing thus extended over a length of 152' 
after which it turned off to the cast, as the second of these tw’o slabs showed. 
We dug a long narrow trench in the line of the second of the two slabs just 
referred to, bat in vain. But there can be little doubt that the sourtheru line 
of the solid railing must have* commenced from here and continued till it met 
the lowermost of the steps which gave access to the dwelling whose remains 
were excavated in Trench D. 



B 2119 — 18 




70 



38. Il has been stated above that when Trenches E and G, which yielded 
the north open railing and the solid railing respectively , were cut, a third also 
(Trench F) was sunk immediately behind Babajee's house. This led to the 
unearthing of a masonry wall packed dry bnt very much out of plumb. At 
both its ends it seemed to turn oft towards the east, and so at its north end we 
cut another trench. This exposed another wall of the same style and condition. 
A similar attempt was made at the south end, which laid bare a third 
wall on the south, but we had cleared onlj* about* 5' when Babajee, being 
apprehensive of the safety of his house, requested us to stop all work on this 
side. I thought it expedient to accede to ins request, and so did not push furt her 
the work of clearing the aoulh wall. Thus on three sides of the mound which 
is surmounted by Babajee’s house, three walls of the same pattern were 
exhumed, and the conclusion is all but certain that we had here the three 
retaining walls of a platform. It was rather difficult to find -out the fourth 
wall of this platform, as this involved the demolition of the front part of 
Bab&jee’s house. Next year if Babajee’s house is acquired by the Gwalior 
State every endeavour will be made to unearth this wall. 

31). Our attention was now directed to the Kharn Bnbn column itself. Was 
it in titii or not ? This was the question that now troubled us moat. On tho 
one hand, the inscription on this pillar, as it stood, was on the same level with 
the human eye. This led us to think that il was in poailion. Tho solid railing, 
on tho other hand, which passed in its dose vicinity was on a much lower 
level than the platform from which the column emerged. Could 'the column 
have been put up in its present place at sumo later period and have hud 
absolutely no connection with the railings exposed ? The question was 
exceedingly tant a liz i ng. It ooukl be answered only by sinking a trench in 
front of the pillar. But Bab&jMi was very obdumto, and would not allow us 
to defile the divinity in this manner. Tho columu u a divinity not only in tho 
eyes of Babajee but also of the local |«eoplu from among whom wo obtained our 
supply of labourers. These also refused to work, and tLe idea of excavating in 
front of the column seemed for a time completely iiuadied. Wo did not, how- 
ever, stop our negotiations with Babajee, aud we at last succeeded in securing 
his consent. We had a gang of Bund* Ikhaudi coolies whose minds were not 
imbued with the local superstition, aud these weru consequently sot to this 
work. It was not without some difficulty that wo could induce them oven, for 
they had hardly commenced work whim, as ill-luck would have it, a cobra 
wriggled out from the platform of tho columu. The cobra produced a panic 
among tho coolies, who thought that Kharn BbLa, being offeuded at this 
sacrilegious act, came* in that guise to bite and punish the offuuders. Two 
PathnQS from this gang were forthwith ordered to kill it, and tho cobra was Boon 
laid lifeless on the ground. This quieted the fears of the ooolica, and they 
resumed work. Fortunately no further circumstances arose to dishearten thorn, 
and the work was continued uninterruptedly. And wc were delighted to find 
that the column was in situ and very nearly on tho same level, and hence 
connected, with the solid railing. 

40. A succinct description of the column as exposed to view above the 
platform has been given by Dr. Marshall in the Jour. It. A*. Soc. for 1909. 
An account of the concealed portion of it, as revealed by this excavation, is 
therefore, here necessary. The column as it emerged from the platform was 
known to be an octagon. How far this octagon extended, and whether it 
changed to some other form down below as it obviously did above, were questions 
whose answers it was impossible to give. The excavation, however, showed 
that it continued to be an octagon dowu to its lower end, which is 8' from the 
top of the platform. The first leugth of six feet is well dressed, and the 
remaining two feet roughly dre*ed. It is obvious that the dividing line 
between the rough and fine dressed surfaces must have coincided with the 
original ground-level of the pillar, and it is worthy of note that even the rough 
dressed portion of the shaft, which evidently remained underground, is an 
octagon like that above, which was visible. This' is a characteristic of the 
pillars of the Sunga period and was noticeable ‘even at Safi chi when some of 
them were unearthed. Again, the column above the platform gave us an 
impression that its present rough exterior was due to its being indifferently 




71 



dressed originally and consequently it led ub to cast a slur on the art of the 
period. But the buried portion now revealed convinced us that the surface 
was very finely dressed indeed, though, of course, not to such a degree a-s to 
vie with Anoka’s columns and that the present appearance of the upper jiortiou 
was doubtless caused by the wearing action of weather. The pillar it6elf rests 
directly upon a stone slab, and to keep it thoroughly perpendicular and bring its 
rough irregular lower end in direct contact with the slab a pair of iron chisels 
and two chipa of stone were driven in between. The foundations, which began 
with this slab extend to a depth of about 3‘, and consist of 6tone slabs alternat- 
ing with layers of broken up laterite ruurum, black earth, and concrete well 
rammed down. 

41. It was a matter of immense gratification to find that Kham Baba was 
in its original position. It is impossible to over-estimate the importance of this 
discovery. In the first place this couvinced us beyond all possibility of doubt 
that both the varieties of railing and the three retaining walls of the plat- 
form were all connected with a definite monument, r ir., the temple of 
Vasudeva, in whose honour no doubt lleliodorus erected the pillar. Secondly, 
as we knew the approximate age of the column, by comparing its original 
ground level with those of other structures we exhumed, it was easy to deduce 
their relative ages. Thus we know that Kham Baba was put no circa 140 B.C. 
Now the original grouud-lcvel of the solid railing is at least 9' lower than that 
of the column. This shows that the former is anterior to the latter. How 
much anterior it is impossible to say, but we shall not be far wide of the mark 
if we assign this railing to B.C. 166. 

42. It will be seen from the account given above that the mound on which 
B&b&jee's house is situated was surrounded on three sides by the solid railing. 
In t.|io immediate proximity of this mound again stands Kham Bahii, which we 
now know to lie in til a and whit h consequently must hare lieen close beside the 
temple of Vasudeva. The conclusion is thus almost certain that the present 
mound represent- the original site of the old temple. A- Babi joe's dwelling 
has boon built on it, it was not puuublo to HX|4ore thi- mound thoroughly and 
systematically. 1 was, however, ablo to prevail upon him to allow us to dig 
a small trench in the court insula his house. One was accordingly sunk 
Commencing from the north retaining wall ol the platform. It was carried to 
a depth of If/ 4" till the yellow soil waa reached. At a depth of about 8‘ 6* 
bom the surface we came upon a thin floor of old broken file-, well consolidated, 
with still thinner layer of yellow earth. Curiously enough it aooords almost 
with the ground-level of the solid railing, and one is tempted to conclude that 
this was the original ground of the temple^ which stood her© and with which 
the railing was oounected. But no satisfactory explanation con l>e adduced to 
show why no vestige of this structure has survived. It is possible I hat it was 
entirely built of wood aa no doubt was the case with the ancient edifices of the 
Mftiirya period, and that wood being a perishable material no trace of the old 
temple now remains. But a time came when they perceived the necessity of 
raising the ground level of the temple, and a terrace was erectod for building a 
nuw one. What that necessity was will be explained shortly. 

13. Two or three other trenches we sunk in the soil on Ihe north of the solid 
railing. But beyond yielding a few miscellaneous articles, such as coins, toys 
and so forth they were not very fruitful. Aa idea occurred to me that though 
we had dug trenches to the level of the foundation slabs of the solid railing, 
none had been sunk on this side to any greater depth with a view to see 
whether any ancient remains were hidden there. One was thus cut close to 
this railing at the north-west corner. After digging down to about three feet 
below its foundations we lighted upon a line of bricks, which was on further 
excavation found to be the top of a brick wall. Nearly sixty -six feet of this 
wall on its north side were exposed, and I have no doubt that it extended right 
up to the front of the Kham Baba, where, in the trench sunk before it three 
courses exactly similar to’those of this wall were detected. The wall ran thus 
on this side to lfiO feet at lelst. As the season was far advanced and labour 
became scarce^ I .was most reluctantly compelled to leave off the work of tracing 
tlto line of this wall even up to Kham Baba and also of seeing whether it 




72 



continued farther. This work, therefore, has been reserved for the nest season. 
Of its west side only 15 feet of the wall coaid be traced when it suddenly broke 
off. We continued the trench fifteen feet farther but without success. It is 
just possible that still farther digging in the same diroction may bring to light 
portions of this wall. But as it was too late in the season to persevere, this 
work too had to be put off till next year. Of the wall so far exposed only twelve 
courses were found, the topmost, however, containing one brick only. The 
maximum height of the wall here is 3' 4', but originally it must have been 
much greater. There seems to have been no definite principle according to 
which the bricks were laid. Most of them have been placed breadthwise and 
only a few here and there lengthwise. The only principle that seems to have 
been observed is that no two joints come immediately one above the other. 
The wall is only 2“ 2* thick. Its interior, again, is not neat and finished as its 
exterior, face is. Further it is worthy of note that while outside the wall 
yellow earth is on almost the same level as its lowermost course, ib has been 
found on the other side (wherever it was explored) to be of the same level :is 
the height of the wall. All these facts taken into consideration leave no doubt 
us to the wall originally having served the purpose of a retaining wall of some 

C tforni. The platform in that case must have extended over a length of at 
st 160 feet on the north side at any rate. What this huge platform whs 
intended for it is difficult, perhaps impossible, to determine. It deserves to bo 
noticed in connection with this brick wall that it rests on yellow soil. But 
almost from its lowermost course commence* the brick soil which continues 
right, up to tho top. It is by no means easy to decide whether this wall was 
originally built on yellow soil, or stood on black, it* foundation courses alone 
being built upon the former. Whichever of these suppositious is accepted, 
this much is certain that tho destruction of this brick wall was caused by some 
such agency a* inundation, for, between the foundation alalia of tho solid railing 
uud the bottom of the wall tho soil is purely of the alluvial kind, not a trace ol 
any ancient remuins such aa piece* of bricks and (sitUiry having been detected. 
This fact Ioji (Is support rather to the supposition llwt Unt wall w as constructed 
on yellow soil without any foundation*. For, if this had not boon so, fragments 
Of potter} would have sorely boon deterted between the top of the yellow *".l 
imd tho foundations of the solid railing, a* they are in all artificially raised 
levels of ground in tho ruin* of ancient site*. On careful inquiries with the 
old people inhabiting this place, I learnt that the soil here was st ill occasionally 
subject to floods. This is not at all incredible as one of tho rivers of Bhilsu is 
not far from this site. One such inundation must have demolished the upper 
portion of the brick wall, buried tho remainder under the silt brought in, and 
raised the height of the whole site to very nearly the original ground-level of 
the solid railing. The sarno agency also appears to be accountable for tho 
destruction of this railing and the buckling forward of, at any rate, two of tlio 
retaining walls of the platform which it unclosed, to which reference has been 
mado above. 





B 8119-19 





75 



PART III. 



Conservation Comment. 

Nothing of exceptional interest is to be recorded in the nature of con- 
servation repair undertaken during the period under report and a general returns 
of such works will not include anything so out of the common as to warrant 
aught but tho brief mention of its being. 

Detailed measures of conservation undertaken and the expenditure incurred 
are set out in tabular form in Appendix L herewith, and the following notes are 
intended to amplify somewhat, in the few cases desirable, the necessarily 
abbreviated remarks noted therein against them. 

Passing comment is also made upon visits to various archaeological centres 
undertaken during the past cold weather season, and items, already included in 
the routine “ Conservation Notes " issued bv this Department, that have casual 
interest in themselves, are further noticed here. 

A certain interest lends itself to the repumiory measures boing undertaken 
r M to these caves, in that experiments are in progress 
Paads Ism va.. with a view to discovering tho immediate cause of the 

S eat amount of rain water that annually accumulates in the lower cavos. 

,mngo as it will seem, the channel of so much water accumulation is not 
definitely apparent, for while the fact of the cave fronts being quite ojwn would 
normally account for the entrance of ao much rain water, the oounter faot of 
their facing north and hence away from the prevalent rain laden winds renders 
this natural assumption dubitable. 

That trouble of this nature was experienced by tho original excavators of 
tho oaves is indicated by the fact that, in one or two insfenOM, the bottoms of 
tho caves were actually lowered by further excavation to act as tanks for the 
storago of the water which even then accumulated in them. 

I low over, though this periodic Hooding of the lower parts of the caves may 
have occurred since their original excavation, its disintegrating action upon the 
parts thus subjected to alternating saturation and drying ih very apparent 
through the crumbling surface*, and to remedy this it is proposed to cut a small 
hole some if’ roughly in diameter through the rock from the face of the cliff 
beneath to slope gradually up to the flour of the caves affected, to ensure the 
immediate dminngo of any water that may enter. 

In an endeavour to divert one apparent channel of this water accumulation, 
tho top of the sloping rock face above the cave No. 2, which cave exhibits 
definite evidence of free water percolation through some distended cleavage 
fissures in tho roof and sides, is being cleared of its thin layer of covering earth 
and the fissures visible from above are being grouted with portland cement. 

Upon the efficacy of the scheme of guttering ranged about tho sloping 
rock face immediately above the caves, which was put in hand and completed 
before the time of my visit in the later nuns of 1913, 1, in common with the 
present Executive Engineer, am unable to comment, as the relative condition of 
the oaves prior to its installation was known to neither of us. I am informed, 
however, oy the Hub-Divisioual Officer in charge of the work, that water 
accumulation has diminished considerably as an immediate outcome, and it is 
hoped that the measures now m hand will effectively combat the disintegrating 
action of the weather to which, in their present circo instances, the caves are sc 
susceptible. 

Special repairs to the many temples grouped together in these villages are 
Aihoic and Pattadkai. comprised chiefly by the building of compound wallB 

clearing of vegetation, levelling and the like, and these 
interesting monuments have gained tremendously in appearance through theii 
more orderly setting. 

Further measure*, of conservation were found upon my visit in January 
fast to be very desirable ih ignite a number of instances, and these have been 
• made the subject of “ Conservation Notes " which are communicated in geneia 
routine to the officers concerned. 




The only special repair being undertaken in 

the Asar Mahal, where 



the city ol Bij&pur is that to 



Bijapur. 



the dilapidating original roof 
covering is being replaced externally by a modern 



roof of concrete and steel. This new construction is hidden from general view 
by the surrounding original parapet walls about the roof, and by the jealous 
retention of all the old interior wood framing and panelling that is in a condition 
permitting of its being securely affixed, so that the original appearance of the 
old structure has not been disturbed iu the least. Upon my visit last December 
little else in the nature of conservation repair was needed, although the old 
wood casing to the high columns of the open front was showing indications of 
decay through its long exposure directly to the weather, and in my Conservation 
Note 1 have recommended to the Public Works Department the eiperimental 
use of a certain wood preservative on the market in England, to see if further 
decay cannot be arrested. 



While 



repairs 

Uol UumBo. 



here during the last year were limited to those minor 
measures of conservation that are know n as " Current 
repairs " and no recent work of structural consequence 



ban been undertaken to claim a reference iu this restricted note, I think it 
should be mentioned that the condition of the water saturated plaster, spread iu 
huge discoloured patches over the interior dome surface and peudoutive, seems 
far from satisfactory, and I have recommended that this should bo umdo the 
subject of close and careful investigation. Upon my visit its safety certainly 
appeared to be questionable, and should even a small portion of it become 
detached, its fall from such a great height may possibly be attendod by serious 
injury to auy persons present in the mosque. 



Another matter which noeds attention 
of an old crack extending through three 
but this, again, has been included among 
issued to the officers concerned. 



what appear* to be the reopening 
is in the south-east angle tower ; 
departmental directions that are 



To this groat Tomb, and, again, to the uuujtd attached to the Ibrahim 
Ratua, the long chains, originally provided to facilitate eooeaa to the top of the 
domes externally, havo, through tho continued swinging of their lower loose 
ends in the wind, worn away the plastered brick core of the decorative kangttra* 
out of which the dome appears to grow, and I have recommended that tho 
chains be suitably lengthened with similar material to enable their ends to be 
anchored to the masonry projections that cover the angle stair exit at the llat 
spnndrils of main roof. 

In the course of my tour I made a point of inspecting overv “ Protected 
Monument " in the various districts visited, and those in Bijapur city alone, 
numbering some 73, include some very interesting monuments of considerable 
architectural merit, which, however, have beeu uu to tho present sadly neglect- 
ed with regard to conservation attentions. A notably excellent monument which 
should be numbered amoQg these, although up to the present the reoommendo- 
tiou for its protection which was published in this Circle's Progress Report for the 
year 1008 (page 18) has not been given effect, is the cenotaph of Afzul Khan 
and its attached mosque, which are missed together in the one design and 
form an imposing composition. This excellent architectural mouumeut was 
erected by Afzul Khan lor tho eventual reception of his remains long before his 
fatal expedition, in the year 1653, to reduce the fort of Pratapgarh then held 
in occupation by his destined murderer, Shivaji ; but the bones of this warrior 
lie yet at the Bpot where he fell, upon a jungle-grown knoll immediately to the 
oast of the fort. 

Owing primarily, I suppose, to its distance, some 4 miles from Bijapur city, 
and to the absence of a pukka road over the tw o miles or so of country that 
intervenes between the passing high way and this monument, no attempt towards 
its conservation has yet been made, and dense cactus now abounds about it. 
Structurally, the monument is still in quite good condition, but is abandoned 
to the mercies of the local Bhik, who utilize it as a convenient «mmnNrai 
and build their tires in and about it. It should be notified as a protected 
monument under C'ass II, for it is eminently deserving of being rescued 




77 



from its present maltreatment- The neceasary conservation recommendations 
to this end I have embodied inmy“ Conservation Notes ", and it is to be hoped 
that funds for their execution will not be indefinitely withheld. 



The monuments here are, generally, in a very satisfactory structural 

condition, and immediate attention in this respect is 
AhimtiJb* . desirable in very few cases. Here again, however, an 

inspection of the many protected monuments — they are fifty in Ahinwlabad city 
and suburbs alone — reveals the deplorable, if characteristic, fact that the most 
frequent source of artistic degradation with privately possessed monuments, 
protected or otherwise, is invariably associated with their resj>ective owners or 
occupants. 

As at Bijapur, the all-obliterating pall of whitewash is hero to bo seen 

covering in varyingly devastating degree almost every 
* monument to it* inevitable degradation as a work of 

artistic merit. 



Delicately patterned arabesques, ruined beyond recognition, often buried 
wholly out of existence, by innumerable layers of limew&ita are the general 
rule, and, if conservation endeavour is to result in anything plotting or 
architecturally i profitable, this ghastly disfiguration must lie remedied, and in 
future prevented. Such limewhite coating has indeed, seldom oven the clean- 
liness of its iuteution, ami dirtied and draned, ns it so frequently is, w'ith dust- 
dong oobwebs, it nullifies any effort towards the artistic amenity of an «r< haao- 
logioal monument that assuredly should be incident to it* intelligent conserva- 
tion. In my “ Conservation Notes I have asked for the submission of an 
estimate for the eventual complete removal of this lane whited j>all in the many 
instances effected, and 1 would recommend that the rigorous steps for which 
the Act provides be in future taken against offender* in this raped. 

In Ahrnedabtid, too, and equally obnoxious from both sanitary and Mlhetio 
points of view, is the pernicious practice on the part of tlio owners of these 
wonderful mosques, which grace in such glorious profusion the crowding 
thoroughfares of this changeling city of mills and manufactures of addiug, in 
architectural prostitution. XacA< *a. built latrines, lilnewfaited and evilly pungent, 
which are erected in many instances even immediately against the actual 
(spades of the monument. 

These shameful excraences, augmented in their baneful disfiguration by 
the even more general kruheha - built shed covering an adjacent, and frequently 
original, ablution tank, whatever their rituallcd significance, would effectively 
discount tho decent pretentions of tne meanest of buildings, and, seen in con- 
junction with these wonderful works of a long past architecture, tho effect is 
appalling in the extreme. Hoofed, too, sa then- kaehrha additions invariably are, 
with galvanised corrugated iron— is there any material more aptly symbolic 
of a commercial modernism; meanly cheap, and impenetrably indifferent to aught 
pertaining to art? — they figure as characteristic contributions to the art of a 
glorious past, and should serve for those who read as they run as vital com- 
mentary upon Indian art of the present. 

Further, too, to be deplored is the prevalent notion of decorative amenity 
that in so many instances occasions the erection of straggling “ Tea garden " 
trellis work about, and even against, a mosque ; and here, again, must the 
protective provisions of an agreement under the Act be brought to bear, and 
every endeavour made to secure the concurrence of the owners to the removal 
of all such abortive additions that prostitute an architecture, in my own view, 
nigh incomparable. 

Internally to these mosques, and to the many tombs here also, one’s 
susceptibilities arc excruciated by the conglomeration of tawdry glass baubles, 
lamps of municipal pattern, and even the “ Brummagen " chandelier, shudder- 
ing with its pendent glasses, that is. strung from column to column, and hangs 
in hideous profusion 'from wires roughly attached to delicate dome pendants, 
which are invariably badly damaged m consequence. 

This, again, is another calamity which it is earnestly hoped, is open to 
tome remedy, for the present state of affaire is deplorable. I think some action 



B 9119 — 90 




78 



is very urgently bo be desired, and I should be very glad to supply designs for 
the economical provision of pendent lamps that would, at least, be in character 
with the architecture. These I would propose to substitute, where a monument 
of merit sutlers badly in this respect, for the present tawdry baubles, which 
could then be cleared wholly from sight, if not from its memory. 

I think such action would be quite compatible with the more liberal view 
of the term " Conservation ” which should aim essentially at the preservation 
of the monument as a structure, and as a work of architectural amenity, 
jealously to bo preserved from the ill-ooooeived attentions of the artistically 
impermeable, to which, in these days, it is exposed. 

Another source of hideous disfigurement, which calls for protest at every 
Point lax. proffering opportunity in the hope of its eventual 

remedy, is the unreasoning habit on the part of Public 
Works Department subordinates of annually pointing any archaiologieal 
building that is allotted a grant under the heading of “ Current Repair. " In 
these two archnologic *1 centres above mentioned, and, again, in Chaiupanir 
which I also visited lost season, this pointing scourge is distressingly virulent, 
and almost every archeological building is affected in differing degree. Essen- 
tial as this practice ruay, with some reason, be deemed in the upkeep of geueral 
utilitarian building, its application to ancient monuments which were construct- 
ed of finely wrought and closely jointed masonry etirnl tally without mortar is, 
except in most exceptional circumstance*, inevitably to be condom nod. 
Instances innumerable does one find in which the old jointing, slightly weather- 
ed at the meeting of the joints, but yet as closely bedded as originally in 
exclusion of water entry, has been spread ovor for an inch or so in width with 
white chunam pointing, nggrc**ively insistent through it* hideous contrast with 
the time-mellowed tones of tho old masonry. 



In nearly every instance it is cither quite unnecessary or un necessarily 
hideous, and since the mason for it should be. primarily, to exclude w-atcr from 
the open joints of masonry, its use should be liiaitod to those cases where t he 
joints are sufficiently open to permit of its being MCrurd from the masonry face, 
and its omission, as obvioualy unnecessary, in those iustnm ee where this is not 
possible. 

Trite as the foregoing observations may reasonably appear, the desirability 
for such insertion in this general note becomes increasingly obvious upon a 
detailed inspection of those many instances to w hich these remarks would apply. 

Limited, too. as are the funds allotted for the execution of conservation 
repair, the application of even a small |»rtion of them for ueo upon this 
frequently useless pointing, and again for its remedial removal, is scarcoly to be 
desired, and it is hoped that the necessity for further comment upon this item 
will not be in future occasioned. 



iih.r. 



In February Inst I visited Dharand its archaeological monuments to inspect 

the work carried out upon the recommendations of the 
Director Genoral of Archaeology and of Mr. Bhaudar- 
kar, and found the work here, though not wholly oompleted — that at the Lat 
Masjid has yet to be undertaken — had been carried out in quite u satisfactory 
manner. I was able, however, to add somewhat to the conservation recommend- 
ations under reference in certain instances where this appeared to be desirable, 
but all were items of a minor nature. 

Journeying on to Manda in company with the State Engineer, I made a 
detailed inspection of the monuments to which con- 
servation repairs had been undertaken, and found the 
work here very capably and intelligently carried out. and with an evident ap- 
preciation of the archaeological aspect of affairs. The few items of the present 
conservation programme remaining to be completed at the time of mv visit 
have since been reported by the State Engineer to be, with certain exceptions, 
finished. ( This report is published in Part I ). 

Here again, however, certain further works are necessary before these 
wonderful monuments can be considered structurally satisfactory, and these I 
have embodied in a “ Conservation Note.” 



M.dJu 




79 



Chief among these monuments is the Jami Matjid and the condition of 
Jami .Ma-uj this mosque is such as will demand considerable 

attention in this respect. Owing primarily to the 
peculiar nature of the red stone of which it is built, spttlled and shattered facing 
masonry is general over the whole structure, especially m those local patches 
subjected to concentrated pressure loads. One of the wall arches at the rear of 
the mosque, internally, which takes a very considerable amount of the central 
dome thrust shows signs of shattering badly, particularly upon the soffit, and I 
have recommended that, instead of the inner supporting arch used in those 
circumstances already in places in the side Jala ns, which here would necessarily 
decrease by its face width the present span of the old arch, and thus form a 
hiatus in the sequence of similar wall arcading, we should insert an angle-iron 
cranked to the curving intralos of the arch, and securely affixed at its springing, 
to receive the superincumbent load and support the shattering soffit of the old 
arch. 

The shattering vault masonry under the zenana galleries is another sorioua 
item, and the liest treatment of this is a problem, entailing considerable delibera- 
tion. Up to the present it would ap|»ar only to liave been dealt within a 
contemplative capacity, and little beyond watching for further movement the 
various parts affected, has resulted. 

Unfortunately, howevor, this watching has not been carried out in a 
systematic way, and I have recommended that for a short further jieriod narrow 
glaas stripe be attached severally acmes each crack or disturbed portion of 
masonry and securely cemented in position. The least movement is apjmront 
with this form of telltale which will settle more definitely whether active 
structural repair may with profit bo undertaken. 

In my view this latter will bast be accomplished bv the thorough and 
systematic use of injected cement grout under light prraaure to permeate overy 
crevice and so render homogeneous the whole structure. 



Tho Ui-c.l (XHilinK Machkw. 



Id such a case a* this, where the thin droased-maaonry facing, often 

disintegrating in itself and, seen through tho 
gapped spaocft whence it has fallen, quite separate 
and detached from the inner core of wall- and I could name innumerable similar 
caeca in this Circle— tho u* « of the apparatus known as a cement grouting 
machine and designed by Kir Francis Fox lor application in similar circ uriiBtnni e* 
in England, is the only possible treatment ; and that, with the single alternative, 
prohibitively expensive, of wholly dismantling and rebuilding. Ite principle lies 
in the steady and gentle injection under slight pressure of liquid portlnnd 
cement to ensure that this binding medium thoroughly permeates every 
interstice, saturates the absorbent disintegrated particles, and so binds the 
whole into one solidly homogeneous mass. The uocc**itv for something of this 
nature in the conservation repairs to Winchester Cathedral (I believe), wboro 
walls and detached piers were found to be built of unbonded stone work about a 
loose rubble core, lead to its invention, and it is now common knowledge that 
this edifice and St. Paul's London, to quote two very notable instances, owo 
their continued existence in a very great measure to the use of this 
apparatus. 



Here in India among our loosely built monuments, where n heavily 
weighted structural wall is, as a general principle, constructed of a thin outer 
facing, exquisitely wrought, a thin inner facing, with it essentially unbonded, 
and with loose rubble heaped between them without a suggestion of mortar or 
binding material, the value of the apparatus cannot be overestimated; at least, 
that is my view after already inspecting some three hundred monuments in 
varying stages of dilapidation, and in many cases it is the only manner of 
repair economically possible. 

T am hoping to obtain Government consent to the purchase of one such 
machine for use in this .circle and I should be very glad to personally 
superintend its operations in those many case* where ite use is c urgently to 
be desired. 




While at Mandu, in compliance with instrnctionR received from the 
Director General of Archeology, I visited all the monumental remains that 
have as yet not received attention with regard to their conservation. These 
number some twenty additional monuments, and noteworthy among them are 
the Dai ka Mahal and Dai ki Chboti Bahin La Mahal, each quito a gem of 
architecture and in a remarkably good state of structural preservation, though 
docades of neglect and occasional despoliation have left their marks upon them. 

Quite a deal of the original enamelled work yet remains to these buildings 
in the form of applied tiles, and a very effective treatment of banded black and 
white marble still remains in position almost intact. 

The buildings are actually tombs though locally misnamed “ Mahals," and 
though quite small are excellently deigned, the former upon the simple motif 
of square tomb chamber broken with central opening at each facade, and 
surmounted with a single dome which, internally, crowns a peudentived octagon 
springing from the lower square. The latter of th»*e buildings is an octagon 

E plau but otherwise, except for minor difference* in decorative treatment, is 
»t identical in general design. They are, both, at present all but inacces- 
sible to the visitor, who has to straggle through dense jungle grass shoulder 
high in his effort to approach them from the passing road. All the reparatory 
measures desirable to these monuments I have noted m my conservation recom- 
mendations that are issued to the officer* concerned. 

On the Hat topped hill here, aud close by tlie famous old tope, exist tho 
hi uk. , scanty remains of an old Gupta temple, of which 

• the upper portions of its monolithic shafts— some 

20 feet in height— were projecting from the general dtbiu and jungle that 
oovered the site in the immediate vicinity ol the tope before Dr. Marshall com- 
menred his recent excavating operations here. In the geuural clearing of the 
site these columns were exposed for their lull height, revealing the very dan- 
gerous angle of inclination into which, in different directions, they had fallen. 
Upon finally setting in ordfT the site, as excavated, the Director General of 
Archeology" desired to restore these columns to their original vorticality and, in 
compliant e with hi* directions, I spool a fortnight al Sanolu erecting shout them 
a grillage of temporary, but suiatantinl, enclosing walls, from the top of which 
it is proposed to negotiate operations for the proper resetting of the displaced 
columns. Tho ugly inclination of these ponderous monoliths and their total 
lack of aught that might, with any signification, be termed foundations, com- 
pelled a very circumspect method of procedure in the turning of tentative 
shovolsful of earth from about their threatening bases to form a level bedding 
for tho enclosing walls, for nothing that could he utilized in temporary Support 
was available; hut. happily I was able to leave them at my departure undisturbed 
and in situ with their buttressing walls growing steadily about them. 

In the course of my touring I visited the ancient Buddhist oaves al 

Pilalkhora. which »s 18 miles from Chalisgaou, 
the nearest railway station, by way of a decidedly 
kachcha track which now and again loses itself altogether in tho dense jungle 
through which it passes. 

These caves are comprised by two principal excavations forming a Chatty a 
hall and a Vihara, and it was primarily to obtain reliable estarn pages of the 
inscriptions over the cells in the Vihara, upon instructions from the Director 
General of Archeology, that was the object of my visit. 

A point of considerable interest in the Vihara rave was in the existence of 
some structural masonry cells at the rear of the cave, erected to continue the 
sequence of adjoining roek-cut apartments where, it is to be assumed, the 
natural rock— here peculiarly friable— had failed aud was even then badly 
disintegrated. 

The structural notions displayed in the jointing of the component stones, 
and in the lack of stff.cient l earirg at lintel ends, would rut joint to any 
long established recognition of rudimentary structural requirements on the 
part of the original erectors. *The lintels are now falling away through the 
promiscuous manner of their support and I have recommended the insertion of 
ogle. irons to carry them in the several instances necessary. 



Pltnlkhora. NfeMin* Territory. 




In the Ckaitya cave there yet remains a great deal of the original painted 
plaster decoration — badly deteriorated through long exposure to weather, it is 
true, but sufficiently well preserved to indicate the colours and contours of the 
figures used in decoration— and a band of haloed Gandharu Buddhas are still 
traceable as a frieze upon the enclosing aisle wall. I obtained a representa- 
tive series of photographs of theae decorations and of the caves generally before 
coming away, and have since supplied Dr. Marshall with a conservation note 
for communication to the Hyderabad Durbar, recommending necessary 
measures of general conservation ; chief among which is the removal of the 
enormous amount of rock (Ubrit that now lies fallen about both the raves, and 
the clearing of a reasonably accessible path to facilitate approach to them along 
the narrow valley of their setting, high between adjacent lull tops. 

In closing this note 1 would further remark that it is. of necessity, not to 
be considered as an exhaustive record of conservation activity on the part of the 
Archaeological Department during the period under general rejiort, but rather as 
a brief commentary upon those works which may have a passing interest for the 
general observer ; and that for full relevant particulars of the actual works 
undertaken, and in progress, and completed, a reference is invited to the 
information compiled under Appendix L. 



Poona, 
July 1914. 



I 



J. A. PAGE, A.B.I.B.A., 
Assistant Superintendent, 
Archaeological Survey, Western Circle. 



B 9110—91 




82 

List of public libraries, &c., to which copies of the Archaeological 
Survey Reports. New Imperial Series, including the Director- 
General's Annual Report. Part II. and the Provincial Annual 
Reports of the Superintendents are regularly supplied. 



Xumberof 
»r« U> be 
•uppiua. 



United Kingdom. 



AhorditOQ UniTertity library, Aberd—i. 
Royal l.itmrv, WiodMT CMU. Berk. 

is&SESSSr 



5 Cambridge D nueruity LihntT, Camlmge 
« Notional Library of Ireland, LcuuUr Iloaaa, K ildar. 
7 Royal I rub Aca-lem y. 19. IHwbo Stnet. D.bllm 
« Triii IT CollM Libmn, DaUm 
9 AdiixalM' Library. tWiDboirk 

10 Edinburgh UmTrr.il. Library, Ediab-rgh 

1 1 lb ijttl Society, K-li ..burgh 

12 Rml HouUmk Murium. Edinburgh 

13 S^iny of Antiquary* of Scotland. National Muarut 
l Strut. Filin bur.'h 



Sum, Dublin 



AuUquilira. Qu«n 



GIojirow b' niter.. it Library. GUfguv 
Hritiih Mat* ii in Library. tfirai Ra— II St—t, 1 
Folk Inn* Sonet., 11. Ok! Square Liaoota'e Inn. 
Ili. MuinMv'a .StmUrr of SUIT tor 1*1*. India 



llu Sonu 

Hi. Maj-tt/a Under 



India tlfioo Library. Loudon. 8.W. 

li.ip.rial I.m tun. 1-auioc 

latency of th* i)r:eeul perartmeot of th* 



Ru— 1 Sum, llhom.bury. L 
e Lincoln’* Inn. Im»Uu. W C, 

» lor 1*1*. India OWm, Londoc 
of State for India. Ihd. Often. 



W.O. ... 



21 LOnn of the Oriotal Di .nrUoont of the BmJ. Mu 

22 London Unireraty Library. loml Inal tala Laado 
28 National An Library. South Rrnarlt Moaeun. Lo 

24 Royal Academy c4 Art. Buriiagtoa lira*. l Wdfll r. 

25 Royal AnIhropoW cl Inat.i.tr of Qroal Uni— In 



24 Royal Afwlemy cd Arta Burlington lion-. IWdillr. Lenta, W. 

26 Roy al Ant toyo^ ral ln.tit.tr of Oranl BriUin. freW. SO. Groat Hu— II 

25 Royal Amalie Rcioty. 22, Albemarle Struct. I—ta W. 

27 Royal Coiomal InaMutr. N<rtho B »~Und Amu. London. W.C. 

28 I Royal Jnatitote.uf Britiah ArebUrrta. l, ,Co*iait^U'*t. Hanotor Square. Lut.dun. 
22 Ro.al Society, Buriinftoa llouae. Pie— hlly. Ixml «. W 

80 Society of Antiquaries of Loodoo. U.rtlutrtou llouae. Ptoroddlr. L.udoti, W ... 

31 Socioi) for tb. lotion of Ancient Baildf*^ 1«». Boding!— Street, 

Adefpbi. London. W O. 

32 Society for the l*ro— hon of Hellenic Studies tata 

33 Bodleian Library. Oiforii ... 

31 Indian Inatrtule, Oxford 

France. 



Bibliolhcnue National.. Pari. 

HibliothcqoO J. Iloncrt. 1«. Rue Sjoa'iae in Pkrit 
Dracbror General de I’Cnioa Cokwmle Pranrai*. 44. Cl 
L’Krole .pec ala *- Laaguea Oriental-*. Viracta*. hr* 
Inatitut de France, Pan* 

In. tit nt Ethnographique Ictarcationa’ de Pan*, 28, Rue 
Muaco Gnimet 7. Pluco i‘ lena. Pan. 

Kero- ArcWogviu-. 28. Roo Booai-rM, l*an* 

So—te Aaiation*. I. Rue de Seaic. Faria 
UniTereity oS Lyons 

Germany. 



d’Antin, Pari* 



46 1 Koniriiche. PtWMbebo Akadami* der W— : fcaftea. Berlin. N. W. 7. under 
! detfLindon, 38. 

4t» 1 Konieliche Pien«riucbo Akademie der Wi—n achaften. Berlin 

47 , Royal Library, Berlin 

48 I Kon : olicteO>*n»<*eft der W—'E-eb-.ftenia Gottingen. Gottingen, Germany... 

49 Bibliotbek dir Uratrtwa Mocgoaiaadisbea Gene lUAaft. Halle. l aaale), Germany. 

&> , Royal L bary. Munich, Baxana ... | 

51 ! Rodafct on ^er Aatt -iatiaebea Zotackxift, Berlin- Haleoae* Kurfurelen- i 



PreoMiaebe AWa-lamie . 



Berlin. N. W. 7, under 



i 

1 

1 



83 




NuinUrr of 

l-uuO* i copi - to lie 



I 

Austria. 

62 Hungarian Academy. Bud*-Pr*th 

53 Imperial Academy of Science*. Vienna 

Italy. 

54 U. Bibliofec* Narionale Central* di Puente. Italy 

55 Sooieta Aaintioa Itnhana. rireme. Italy 

58 American School of CUerioal Stadia* at Room 
57 Bibliotaca National*. Vittorio Kmanaela. Roma 

68 Bribth School at Rome. Palaim Odewalctu, Prntm S. 3. ApMtoli, Rom* 

Holland. 

6'.' Konu.kl.jka Akmdeiui. ran We*«-ch.p,«» to AMmW. Holland 
«) Kuninkl.jko InrUluat raa Xe.larUftlmh ladle. The Ha**, Holland 

Russia. 

61 Imperial Academy vi Science* tfer the Aad* Unta', St. l’eteraburg. 

Rnaaia. 

Denmark. 

62 National Mn-vom. Cotirobegen. I>caaarii 

63 lioval Library, Copenhagen, Denmark 

Belgium. 

64 Aendemie Royal* .I’AwW^. dr lienor. .Utm 

Sweden. 

63 L’uireniity Library. U|*nW, Swahe 

Norway. 

66 linWemly Library. Christiana, Norway . 

Greece. 

67 Briti.h School at Athene, Gtw« 

68 Lu Societo Archo>l<ig\qae d’ Atbeno-. A’. ienv Greece 

Japan. 

69 Pmidcot, Aeiatio Society of Japan. Tokio 

China. 

70 North Chian Branch of the Royal A‘Ut>> Society, Shanghai 

America. 

71 Field Museum of Natural Hietocr, Chiotgo. C- S. A. 

”2 American Oriental Society, « 5. Bitbep Street. New Karen. Conn., C- S. A. .. 

73 Free Library of Philadelphia. C . S. A. 

74 Siiretirr, National Mnteum. Wadungton. l\S.A_ 

75 Smithwcian Imtitntioii. Wa-hingtOB. D. C, C. S. A. 

76 i African Philoophicnl 104, Sooth Fifth Street, Philadelphia, 

U.S. A. 



1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

a 

1 







Number of 
xp'es to bo 



British Colonies. 



78 Koval Asiatic Socwty. Ceylon Branch. Colombo 

79 The Museum. Canterbury, New Zoalaad 

80 MaltmurM Library, Mellamrue, Australia 

81 Librarian Victma Public Library. Perth. Waatarn A 

82 Library and Historical Society, Quebec. Canada* 

83 University Library, Hydra/. New Sooth Waloo 

84 Straits Branch, Royal Asiatic Society. Singapore 

Foreign Colonies 



85 Director of Archmolocy in Java, Batavia, Krtberla 
8tl Secretary, HaUviaasch Genootarhap Tan Kero ten « 

87 I* Directs ur de I'lnstitut Fraacak d'Anhamdowi. 

hnt 

88 Librariun, Museum of Arabic Art, Cairn, Kgynt 

89 llii Kirrllency the Gevtrnor General of Indc-CWl 

for France, Calcutta 

91) Director .lr I'Kouia Krancaias dTUliwn OrWat, ] 
91 Director, Kthnokgiral Sareay for the Phillip 



92 Imperial Library, Calcutta 

93 Indian Museum. Calcutta 

94 Officer in chart" if the Recced* ef the 

95 Dr|*rtment of Kdomtion Library. IW 

96 Central Library, Array Head-qaarim, 



97 The Government College. Kombako 

98 Christian College Library, Madras 

99 Government Central Mb scam. Madr 

100 PachaiyapiVs College, Madras 

101 Presidency College, Madras 

102 Public Library, Madras 

103 School of Art, Madras 

104 Secretarial Library. Fort Si George 

105 University Library, Madias 
100 St. Aloysios College, Mangalore 

107 Noble College. Maaalipalaai 

108 The Sanskrit College, Mylapore 

109 The Government College. Rajahaan 

110 The Teacher's College. Saidapct. Ch; 

111 8l Joseph's College, 1'rirhiropoly 

112 S. P. G- College 

1 13 Maharajah’s College. Trivandrum 

1 14 The Sanskrit College, Tirnvadi 

1 15 Maharajah’s College, Vuiaaagraai 



(2) Prorimcial. 

Madras. 



Bombay. 












85 




INDIA — comtiHued 



110 Print* of WnW Mu-um, Bomfey 
1» St Xaner’* College. Bcobay 

121 Secretariat Liteury, Bocitoj 

122 School <rf An. BoeaUr 

123 Cnivcmty Library, Bomtnr 
12* WiUon College, Bombay 

12ft The College of Science, Po 0 .» 

12U Deccan College, I’ooo* 

127 Fonpouam Coilege, Peon* 



Bengal 



120 D«ri«l Pubim Lifcei 
13" Bunlwun It*] Publi. 

131 Asiatic Society of B 

132 Bnngftfawu College, i 

133 Bengal Chamber of 

13* Biuigiya Sahitya P* 
13ft Bctbune College, Cl 
I3S OalwUa UUorioal 
137 Oaloatk Unfemitr 
1.18 < haiianya Library, 

13V Church M...u.d See 
HU Kcutvotnio Muieum. 
1*1 KUiinr, Bengal Put 



Dacca College 
North Lavota Dell Li 
Protinctal Library, 



Bihar and Orissa. 



P .»i in 








NumW of 

copie. lo be 

tipi.lWJ. 




INDIA -coutiaMfd 



United Provinces. 



174 Agra College, Agra 

175 Palace Library oi the Mo at Herd. the . 

176 Si. John. College. Agra 

177 l.vall Libniry, Aligarh 

17H \i A. 0. College Library. Aligarh 
170 CbmlMD CoIImo. Allahabad 
ISO Muir Central Cullegv, Allahabad 
181 Panini Offlc®. Allahabad 
183 Pubi.o Library, Allahabad 

183 Secretariat Library, Public \V<*k» Dei 

184 U ni.tr. ily Libniry. Allahabad 

185 Carmichael Library. Kt aorta 

186 Central Hindu College, Benaree 

167 Qaran’a College, llmarai 

168 oonalnl College, Beaaive 

ISO Cliri.l'n Chart'll College, Cawnpro 

100 Ginning College, Lucknow 

101 Provincial Mumubi Library. Lacknow 

103 Pobllf I-ihrary, Lucknow 
193 Lyall Library, Miml 

104 Archmolpgiral Jlwia, Mo tun 

105 IhomMOC College, Knnrkrv 
186 FjraUal Uuvum. Fyadad 



Punjab 



107 Khalw CollMMk AmriUar 

108 Ailchinon College. Uhcro 
11*0 IVnlral Training OnUeoe, I. 
**> I'- . 

31*1 Dayana ad Anglo Ved e Coll 
3118 Forman Chri.iian College, I 

203 Govern mini College 1/ibrar 

204 I .lamia College, Lahavt 
21 '5 Hamm Library, liah.ro 
306 Paakb Hiatorioal Scortr, 1 
207 Punjab Public Library. UK 
2i is Secretariat Library, Public 
800 Uaiveraity Library, Lahore 



Mu •rum. Delhi 

Public Library. Delhi 

81. Stephen-. College, Delhi 



North-West Frontier Provinces 



Burma 



215 ' Mvnnrua Awba Clnh Kyaiklal, Pr»| 

216 Mimlalny Pnbho Library. Mandalay 

217 Buihlhi.t Libniry. Natfuajgyaaag, 

218 Buddhist Propaganda Society, Pegu 
210 ' Young Mm’. Buddhist Aracciaticfi. 

220 B»pci.t College, Rangoon 

221 I Bernard Free Library. Racgran 

222 ! Burma Rreearcfc Society. BaDgwo 

223 I Call Yeogana Amocmdob library. : 

224 ITiarre Mu -turn, Rangwio 

225 Rangoon College, Rangoon 



! 






87 



N un.br of 
o&>iin to t* 



INDIA — continued. 
Burma— continued. 



226 HfinttnM Library, Bwj oc® 

227 Soolay Pagrda Lilwary, Rangoon 

228 Teacher*. In.titute, Rangoon 

22'J Trustee* <rf the Shire D^« Pagola, 
280 Yount, Men’s Baddhi.1 W.u®, 1 
2fll Rangoon Literary Society, Rangooo 



Assam. 



Cotton Library, Dhobri 
Codon College, liauhati 
Corson Hall Lilftrv, <«uhati 
Government Library, Shillong 
twoUrial IAnr, Shi I Ion* 
Victoria Johiloo Lilmtry. T.opor 



Central Provinces 

Pablo Library of Amraoti Town 
High S-h..J CommiUpe. Ildngb.t 
Government Collin Jnbbalpuc* 

Tminlng College, JuUulpOrw 
Jagununth High School, Mandla 
Hi. lop College, Nagpur 
Mums College, Nagpur 
Muwmm Lihray, Nagp'ir 

MUEateuUw-upi 

Public Library, Hfctiflur 
Victoria Library, Scoot 



Coorg. 



260 The Chief 



of Coorg'. Library, IWngnlore 



NATIVE STATES. 
Mysore. 



261 Oenunl College. Bnognlcea 

282 Indian Inathuta of Scimor. Bangalore 



Maharaja’. College. Mraore 



Hyderabad 



25 1 The 



’« Library, Hyderalwd 



Central India. 



255 The Librarian, I>har Museum Library. Dhar 

256 Library of the Agent to the Oorrrnor General. Indore 

257 Public Worha Secretary to the HoaUr the Agent to the Govern nr- General. 

Central India* 

258 Rajkninar College, Indcre 

Rajputana. 



259 College Library. Ajmer 
£60 Library of the Chief Conn 
261 Rajputana Museutn. Ajmer 



and Agent to the Gorrraar-General, Ajr 



Xaator of 
cop** loU 
•appl-l. 



NATIVE STATES — continued. 

Baroda. 



Library of the Rasi&at at B«rol» 
IW>xl» \lo*eum 



Kathiawar. 



264 Sir DhAgvftUintrii Library. Gor.Ul (Katluawar) 

265 WoUod Uoacaci of Anbqaitica, KajVot 



Travancore. 



fra vac cere DurUr 



267 Gwalior Dortar 



Gwalior. 



Chamba. 



Bhuri Singh M 




too ja: rtiniD at f»n tiutw ruse' -s. 




aft™**#